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Subject matter to be covered… • Mathematics and Study Methods • Human Performance • Meteorology • Aircraft Technical and General • Radio Aids • Instruments • Law and Procedures • Flight Planning • Navigation and Plotting
What else…. • 200 hours total flying time • 100 hours Pilot-in-Command • 50 hours Cross-country flying • 10 hours night flying • IF Rating (40 hours single engine and 50 hours twin engine)
Your course facilitator for this Ground School…Brand WesselsWessel van den BerghIvan van Rooyen
Student Commentary… Comments received from Frans(CPL): “Very entertaining, no spoon feeding here, worth it and money well spent, great tempo and passed 6 subjects in one sitting… ”
Student Commentary… Comments received from Tjaart(CPL): “Great results, very comprehensive, learnt a hell of a lot, very satisfied.”
Student Commentary… Comments received from Ruan(CPL): “Very educational, well worth it, much better than comparable courses I tried…”
Student Commentary… Comments received from Sean Kenny (ATP course): • “Great pace, good discussion” • “Well informed on subject matter” • “Excellent communication process” • “Great course – thank you very much!”
Student Commentary… Comments received from Martin van Eeden (ATP course): • “So I was not the only student struggling….” • “Application focused – helped me a lot.” • “Good people skills by facilitator.” • “Arranged in such a way that we could learn from each other.”
Trigonometry Some triangles do not always have a 90º angle, therefore the normal trig functions do not always apply. The following formula is used to solve the RNAV questions. Mathematic Review….. The COSINE Rule : a² = b² + c² - 2bc x COS A b² = a² + c² - 2ac x COS B c² = a² + b² - 2ab x COS C The SIN Rule : c SIN C b SIN B a SIN A = =
An Equation is like a balance scale. Everything must be equal on both sides. = 10 5 + 5
1 In 60 Rule. A VOR DME defines the centre of an airway 10 Nautical Miles wide. An aircraft at distance 180 Nautical Miles has a two dot fly right indication on a 5 dot CDI. What is the distance from the airway?. Distance Off Track Error = 60 Distance To Go 4° Distance Off = A ) Distance from centre = 12 NM B ) Distance from boundary = 7 NM 60 180 NM 720 = Distance Off 60 12 NM = 5 Nautical Miles 4° 180 NM GGV 5 Nautical Miles
Problem Solving is easy if you follow these steps Understand the problem
Trig Example: You are taking off from a runway, with a hill 300’ high, 6000’ from the threshold. What angle of climb must you maintain to clear the hill? tan x = y/x And y=300’ and x=6000’ Tan x = 0.05 Divide by tan same as inverse (or cot, or tanˉ¹) Thus x = 2,86º Know your calculator! Push this button just before you choose a 2nd function button Inverse Button Force of 3 Force of 2 10 to the force … Square Root Brackets Degree, minutes, seconds – also hours, minutes, seconds % Button
Study Methods • Mind Maps • Memory Training • How to create Summaries • Time Management • Study Tips • Habits to Acquire
The 7 Habits of Highly Effective People Habit 1: Be Proactive Habit 2: Begin with the End in Mind Habit 3: Put First Things First Habit 4: Think Win-Win Habit 5: Seek First to Understand, then to be Understood Habit 6: Synergize Habit 7: Sharpen the Saw
The Time Management Quadrant 2 1 URGENT NOT URGENT • Preparation • Prevention • Values clarification • Planning • Relationship building • Empowerment IMPORTANT • Crises • Pressing Problems • Deadline driven projects, meetings, preparations • Interruptions, phone calls • Some mail, some reports • Some meetings • Many popular activities • Trivia, busywork • Some telephone calls • Time wasters • “Escape” activities • Excessive TV NOT IMPORTANT 3 4
Instruments…… The DRMC is in essence a compass card with numeric directions, on a freely suspended bar magnet
Procedures “A series of predetermined maneuvers by reference to flight instruments, with specified protection from obstacles, from the initial approach fix (or where applicable, from the beginning of a defined arrival route) to a point from which a landing can be completed and thereafter, if a landing cannot be completed, to a position at which holding or en-route obstacle clearance limits apply.”
Navigation…. Northern Hemisphere Summer Southern Hemisphere Summer