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CHAPTER 1 The anatomy of the female reproductive system. Section 1 Pelvis Section 2 External genital organs Section 3 Internal genital organs Section 4 Neighbouring organs Section 5 Vascular ,lymphatic and nervous system Section 6 Pelvic floor. Section 1 Pelvis. (一) composition

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chapter 1 the anatomy of the female reproductive system

CHAPTER 1 The anatomy of the female reproductive system

Section 1 Pelvis

Section 2 External genital organs

Section 3 Internal genital organs

Section 4 Neighbouring organs

Section 5 Vascular ,lymphatic and nervous system

Section 6 Pelvic floor

section 1 pelvis
Section 1 Pelvis
  • (一)composition
  • 1.bone:sacrum,coccyx,2 coxae(ilium,ischium,pubis)
  • 2.joints:pubic symphysis,sacro-iliac j.sacro-coccygeal j.
  • 3.ligaments:sacro-tuberous lig.
  • Sacro-spinous lig.
  • (二)Boundary of pelvis
  • the linea terminalis differentiating the true from the false pelvis
slide3
(三)plane
  • 1. inlet plane 2. largest plane
  • 3. mid-plane 4. outlet-plane
  • (四)inclination
  • Def:the angle which the plane of the superior strait forms with the horizon.
  • (五)axis
  • Def:the line through the center of the four imaginary planes.
  • (六)classification
sec tion 2 external genital organs
Sec tion 2 External genital organs
  • mons veneris
  • labium majus
  • labium minus
  • clitoris
  • vaginal vestibule
  • vestibular bulb,Bartholin's gland
  • urethral orifice,vaginal orifice and hymen
slide5
Vestibular bulb

Urethral orifice

Vestibular gland

Vaginal orifice

hymen

vestibule

section 3 internal genital organs
Section 3 Internal genital organs
  • (一) vagina
  • (二) uterus
  • 1. Anatomic structure
  • fundus,corpus,cervix
  • 2.Histologic structure
  • ① endometrium:functional/basal layer
  • ② myometrium
  • ③ serosal layer
slide7
3. ligaments
  • ① round lig.
  • ② broad lig.
  • ③ cardinal lig.
  • ④ uterosacral lig.
  • (三)fallopian tube
  • 1. interstitial portion
  • 2. isthmic portion
  • 3. ampulla
  • 4. infundibulum
  • (四)ovary
section 4 neighbouring organs
Section4 neighbouring organs
  • urethra
  • urinary bladder
  • ureter
  • rectum
  • appendix vermiformis
section 6 pelvic floor
Section 6 pelvic floor
  • (一)external layer
  • 1,bulbocavernosus m.
  • 2,ischiocavernosus m.
  • 3,superficial transverse perineal m.
  • 4,external sphincter m.of anus
  • (二)urogenital diaphragm
  • 1.superior/inferior facia
  • 2. deep transverse perineal m.
  • 3.Compressor of urethra
slide10
(三) pelvic diaphragm

pubococcygeal m.

levator ani m. →iliococcygeal m.

ischiococcygeal m.

In addition:

slide11
ilium

sacrum

coccyx

Normal pelvis

slide12
Sacro-spinous lig.

Sacro-tuberale lig.

Pelvic ligament

slide15
platypelloid

gynecoid

android

anthropoid

classification

slide16
fundus

cavity

isthmus

corpus

Anatomical os.

cervix

Histologic os.

fornix

Supra-vaginal

Vaginal part

vagina

sagittal

coronary

uterus

slide20
ampulla

isthmus

interstitial

infundibulum

Fallopian tubes

slide21
cortex

Germinal layer

follicle

Corpus albican

medulla

Corpus luteum

Tunica albuginea

ovary

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