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Thar Coal- A new Horizon for Investment in Pakistan. Review of Pakistan Coal Industry Now & the Future. By Ajaz Ali Khan Managing Director Thar Coal & Energy Board firstname.lastname@example.org www.sindhcoal.gos.pk. Scheme of Presentation. How will coal change the power scene in Pakistan?
Review of Pakistan Coal Industry Now & the Future
Ajaz Ali Khan
Thar Coal & Energy Board
* Source IEA Report 2009
* Sub bituminous & Anthracite reserves only
** Thar Coal Resources are 175 billion tonnes Proven Reserve in 9 explored Blocks alone is 20 billion tonnes
( Source,2008, IEA)
World Power Generation fuel Mix 2008-09
Projection for Pakistan
Source: Pakistan Electric Power Company (PEPCO)
Future Energy Demand Supply Gap is Alarming!
Security for Pakistan
186.560 billion tonnes
235 million tonnes
217 million tonnes
90 million tonnes
9 million tonnes
Studies Conducted By:
COMPARISON OF STRIPPING RATIO, HEATING VALUE & GENERATION OF LIGNITE IN OTHER COUNTRIES
Chemicals (Ethylene Polymers
Electricity (Steam Turbines)
Crude Oil - Refinery
Coal to Liquid
Dephenolized Cresylic Acid
Fisher Tropsch Synthesis
Source: Syngas and Coal Technology, R & D, SASOL – Mr Johannes Van Heerdeen
Thar Coalfield is declared as Special Economic Zone, and the projects of development of Thar (also including coal mining and power generation) declared as ‘Projects of National Security’
Rate of Return
Currency Exchange Rate Protection
Mining & Power Producers are protected from the impact of exchange rate variation up to Commercial Operation Date (COD).
EPC Cost Escalation
Cost escalation between the date of application and the Financial Close permissible as per Power Policy 2002
Return on Equity
US Dollar based Return on Equity
70 tonnes load carrying capacity metalled road is available up to Coal field area.
11 KV feeder emanating from Islamkot to Thar Coal Project areas with 200 watts transformer is available.
Telephone & Internet communication through Optic fiber cable is available up to Thar Coalfield area.
29 Reverse Osmosis Plants in Thar are available for provision of portable water to residents as well as project staff free of cost.
Rescue Station in coal mining area at Thar coalfield covering an area of 8,200 sq. ft. is completed
A Coal library is situated at office of Sindh Coal Authority, Karachi.
NTDC is conducting feasibility study for lying of Transmission Line for evacuation of 10,000 MW from Thar. In the first Phase they are planning to evacuate 1200 MW.
The GoS has approved a scheme at the cost of Rs.972.070 million for the construction of Airport at Thar for Coal Fields of Sindh by the Civil Aviation Authority.
PROVISION OF HEAVY DUTY ROAD
The W&S Deptt. is upgrading the road from Karachi to Islamkot through Hyderabad- Mirpurkhas- Naukot for facilitating transportation of heavy machinery by Dec. 2012.
PRACS has been engaged by GoS to prepare feasibility for broad gauge rail link from Port Qasim to Islamkot.
LODGE AT THAR
Lodge at Thar with 20-bedded accommodation to facilitate foreign and local investors is being constructed at Islamkot.
PROVISION OF CANAL WATER:
The GoS has planned to construct a water carrier to provide 300 Cusecs water to Thar.
1. Coal Mining
Investors interested only in mining may apply for a mine lease for mining the coal.
2. Integrated Coal & Power Generation Project
Investors may also opt for investing an integrated coal mining and power generation projects.
3. Mine Mouth Power Project
Thar coalfields present best opportunity for mine mouth power projects in view of the great demand for energy in the country.
4. Coal Gasification
Investors may propose to convert coal into gas and market the syngas and bye products in open market, or may develop a forward integrated project on any one or more bye products from gasification project
5. Coal to Liquid Projects
Investors may propose to convert coal into Liquid and market the byproducts in open market, or may develop a forward integrated project on any one or more bye products from CTL project