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The Power of the President. Chapter 14. Executing the Law - Must execute all laws regardless of his/her own personal opinion. The Ordinance Power - Has the power to issue executive orders, which is a directive, rule or regulation that has the effect of a law. Executive Powers.

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Executive powers

Executing the Law

- Must execute all laws regardless of his/her own personal opinion

The Ordinance Power

- Has the power to issue executive orders, which is a directive, rule or regulation that has the effect of a law

Executive Powers


Executive powers con t

The Appointment Power

ambassadors, diplomats

Cabinet members and top aides

Heads of agencies (EPA, NASA)

Federal judges, US Marshals, attorneys

Officers in the armed forces

***With Senate consent

The Removal Power

Can remove anyone he/she appoints other than federal judges

Most of the time it is called a “resignation.”

Executive Powers con’t


Diplomatic and military powers

Make Treaties

A formal agreement between 2 or more sovereign states

Requires a 2/3 vote from the Senate

Is as strong a a law

Executive Agreements

A pact between the President and the head of a state

Does not require Senate approval

Usually comes along with a previous law or treaty already approved by the Senate

Diplomatic and Military Powers


Diplomatic and military powers con t

Power of Recognition

Acknowledging the existence of a country and its government

Done by exchanging a diplomatic representative

Does not mean approval

Commander In Chief

Has the final authority over and responsibility for all military matters

Undeclared war? – not “war,” but still military action

War Powers Resolution:

Has 48 hours to report to Congress

60 day limit without Congressional approval

Congress can end commitment at any time.

Diplomatic and Military Powers con’t


Legislative and judicial powers

Legislative Powers

Recommends legislation through the State of the Union

Can veto bills (line-item veto is not allowed)

Can adjourn Congress if they cannot agree on a date (has never happened)

Judicial Powers

Reprieve – postponement of the execution of a sentence

Pardon – legal forgiveness of a crime

Commutation – reduce the length of a sentence

Amnesty – a pardon given to a group of law violators

*** Only in federal cases and not in cases of impeachment

Legislative and Judicial Powers