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Increasing power of the president: People who have been president. Increasing power of the president: People who have been president Complexity of society. Increasing power of the president: People who have been president Complexity of society Need for immediate decisions.

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  • Increasing power of the president:

    • People who have been president

    • Complexity of society

    • Need for immediate decisions

    • Congress expanding government

    • Media (especially television)






Article II

SECTION 1

The executive Power shall be vested in a President of the

United States of America.


Chief Executive / Chief Administrator

  • “Executive Power”

    • “execute the law”


SECTION 3

he shall take Care that the Laws be faithfully executed, and shall Commission all the Officers of the United States.


Chief Executive / Chief Administrator

  • “Executive Power”

    • “execute the law”

    • Interpretation – law written in broad terms, executive branch fills in the details

  • Appointment power

    • Ministers, consuls, other officers



Chief Executive / Chief Administrator

  • “Executive Power”

    • “execute the law”

    • Interpretation – law written in broad terms, executive branch fills in the details

  • Appointment power

    • Ministers, consuls, other officers

  • Executive privilege


executive privilege - the power claimed by the President of the United States and other members of the executive branch to resist certain subpoenas and other interventions by the legislative and judicial branches of government

U.S. v. Nixon


Chief Executive / Chief Administrator

  • “Executive Power”

    • “execute the law”

    • Interpretation – law written in broad terms, executive branch fills in the details

  • Appointment power

    • Ministers, consuls, other officers

  • Executive privilege

  • Executive order – “law lite”


The White House

Office of the Press Secretary

For Immediate Release

January 17, 2010

Executive Order 13529 and Letter Regarding Haiti

Attached are an Executive Order and a letter signed by the President yesterday, January 16th regarding ordering the selected reserve and certain individual ready reserve members of the Armed Forces to active duty.

This Executive Order will help the Department of Defense and the Department of Homeland Security support the relief effort in Haiti. It will be used on a limited basis, principally to support targeted functions associated with this humanitarian mission. For instance, it will allow for the call-up of reserve medical personnel to replace those deployed on the hospital ship Comfort and it will allow for the deployment of a Coast Guard unit that will help provide port security.


Chief Diplomat

  • Appointment – ambassadors




Chief Diplomat

  • Appointment – ambassadors

  • Negotiate treaties


SECTION 2

He shall have Power, by and with the Advice and Consent of the Senate, to make Treaties, provided two thirds of the Senators present concur;


Chief Diplomat

  • Appointment – ambassadors

  • Negotiate treaties

  • Executive agreement – “treaty lite”

  • Recognition



SECTION 2

The President shall be Commander in Chief of the Army and Navy of the United States, and of the Militia of the several States, when called into the actual Service of the United States;


Commander In Chief

  • President is head of the military

  • Congress has the power to declare war

  • War Powers Resolution 1973


Chief Legislator

  • Recommend legislation


SECTION 3

He shall from time to time give to the Congress Information of the State of the Union, and recommend to their Consideration such Measures as he shall judge necessary and expedient;


Chief Legislator

  • Recommend legislation

  • Veto


Judicial Power

  • Pardons and reprieves

  • Amnesty

  • Appoint judges


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