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Organizational Culture and Climate in Ohio’s Office of Families and Children. Michelle Graef , Midwest Child Welfare Implementation Center Kristin Gilbert , Ohio Dept. of Job and Family Services, Office of Families and Children. Outline.

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organizational culture and climate in ohio s office of families and children

Organizational Culture and Climate in Ohio’s Office of Families and Children

Michelle Graef, Midwest Child Welfare Implementation Center

Kristin Gilbert, Ohio Dept. of Job and Family Services, Office of Families and Children

outline
Outline
  • What do we mean by “organizational culture and climate”?
  • Why is it important?
  • How did we assess it?
  • Using assessment results to inform interventions
  • What’s next for OFC?
what do we mean
What Do We Mean?
  • Organizational culture:
    • The norms & values that drive behavior
    • “How we do things around here”
    • What is expected and rewarded
  • Organizational climate:
    • Work environment’s psychological impact on employees
    • Employees’ affective response to work
    • Perceptions of how the organization affects them
  • Work attitudes:
    • Individual-level constructs
    • Morale (e.g. job satisfaction; commitment)
why pay attention
Why Pay Attention?
  • Culture and Climate combine to create Social Context that:
    • invites or rejects innovation,
    • complements or inhibits your ability to serve your clients/meet their needs,
    • sustains or adapts the core service technologies that are required for effective service.
the payoff
The Payoff?
  • Turnover, work attitudes
  • Job performance, service quality, client outcomes
  • New program sustainability
  • See for example: Glisson & Hemmelgarn (1998); Glisson, Dukes & Green (2006)
  • Egs of intervention research:
    • “Wingman culture” (Alarcon et al, 2010)
    • “CREW” intervention (Osatuke, et al, 2009)
ohio s assessment
Ohio’s Assessment?

Glisson et al’sOrganizational Social Context (OSC) measure:

  • 3 dimensions of culture:
    • Rigidity
    • Proficiency
    • Resistance
  • 3 dimensions of climate:
    • Engagement
    • Functionality
    • Stress
  • Work attitudes (an individual construct):
    • Morale (job satisfaction and org commitment)
ohio s assessment1
Ohio’s Assessment?
  • All OFC employees were encouraged to participate (90% response rate) – July 2010
  • Acceptable reliability (alpha on all scales above .70)
  • Good intra-group agreement (rwg above .70)
product
Product?
  • OFC’s overall (agency-wide) and work unit (by bureau) profiles on each of the 7 major dimensions of culture, climate, and morale, compared to national norms
  • Prior OSC norms based on research primarily in mental health organizations, but new set of norms have been established for child welfare
  • Results confirmed and gave a name to conditions the agency had long suspected were in existence
  • Follow up focus groups with staff to discuss reactions to findings and begin the search for solutions

Benefit?

implications
Implications?
  • Mission-driven vs. rule-driven:Focus on mission and eliminate obstacles to achieving it.
  • Results-oriented vs. process-oriented: Assume that staff wish to do well and will do so if given access and tools to do so– focus should be on outcomes.
  • Improvement-directed vs. status quo- oriented: Focus onestablishing norms that support innovation and customer service.
  • Participation-based vs. authority-based: Focus on providing meaningful opportunities for staff and external stakeholder involvement.
pulling multiple levers
“Pulling multiple levers”
  • Three broad categories of Organizational Development interventions at work in this project, focusing on:
  • Human processes,
  • Structure and functions, and
  • Work environment.
up next
Up Next…
  • Continue multi-level intervention work through Sept 2013
  • Planning for sustainability of interventions
  • Follow-up assessment of culture and climate with OSC measure in spring 2013
  • Expect to see some changes in climate, may not see changes in culture yet—too soon?
slide12

For more information about the OSC measurement system, contact:

    • Dr. Tony Hemmelgarn, U of Tennessee-Knoxville,

ahemmelg@utk.edu