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Computational Research and Engineering Acquisition Tools and Environments (CREATE) Dr. Douglass Post CREATE Program Manager Chief Scientist DoD High Performance Computing Modernization Program. CREATE Program Concept. Enable major improvements in the acquisition process

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Computational Research and Engineering Acquisition Tools and Environments (CREATE)

Dr. Douglass Post

CREATE Program Manager

Chief Scientist

DoD High Performance Computing Modernization Program


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CREATE Program Concept Environments (CREATE)

  • Enable major improvements in the acquisition process

    • Prevent defects and design flaws early in the acquisition process

    • Reduce rework thereby enabling faster system deployment

  • How?

    • Inject multi-physics based predictions early within the design and analysis process

    • Develop and deploy production quality design and analysis software that is adaptable and maintainable

    • Develop and deploy multi-physics based Computational Engineering tools that exploit next generation computer resources

  • CREATE is a multi-year program, funded at $40M to date

    • Funding started in FY2008

    • Initiated by USD(AT&L) in 2008


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CREATE – Four Projects, Ten Products Environments (CREATE)

  • Air Vehicles

    • DaVinci- Rapid conceptual design

    • Kestrel - High-fidelity, full vehicle, multi-physics analysis tool for fixed-wing aircraft

    • Helios - High-fidelity, full vehicle, multi-physics analysis tool for rotary-wing aircraft

    • Firebolt- Module for propulsion systems in fixed and rotary-wing air vehicles

  • Ships

    • RDI - Rapid Design and Synthesis Capability—Partnership with ONR and NAVSEA

    • NESM - Ship Shock & Damage-prediction of shock and damage effects

    • NAVYFOAM - Ship Hydrodynamics-predict hydrodynamic performance

    • IHDE - Environment to facilitate access to Naval design tools

  • RF Antenna

    • SENTRI - Electromagnetics antenna design integrated with platforms

  • Meshing and Geometry

    • Capstone - Components for generating geometries and meshes


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32 Months After Program Start, CREATE Is Beginning To Deliver Usable Software.

  • 5 beta releases in FY09/10 with V&V and ~ 150 beta testers:

    • Helios 1.0—Accurate calculation of rotorcraft vortex shedding

    • Kestrel 1.0—Rigid body CFD fixed wing AV with preliminary aeroelastics

    • SENTRI 1.0 and 1.5—Initial RF antenna design and analysis with V&V

    • NESM 0.1—Initial ship shock vulnerability analysis for underwater explosions

    • IHDE 1.0—Iinitial user interface for ship hydrodynamics

  • 10 releases planned for FY10/11 and each succeeding year

  • Helios 2.0, Kestrel 2.0, SENTRI 2.0, NESM 1.0 and IHDE 2.0 plus:

    • Rapid design: RDI 1.0 for Ships, DaVinci 1.0 for Aircraft plus SENTRI 2.0

    • Components: Capstone 1.0 for geometry and mesh, Firebolt 1.0 for gas turbines

    • Detailed ship hydrodynamics NavyFoam 2.0 (seakeeping, drag, resistance,…)

  • Developing approaches to improve scalability

Antenna Radiation Near Fields

Kestrel vs. F-16 Flight Data

M=0.95, Alt.=10,000 ft

More accurate vortex shedding

Free Space


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Path Forward Deliver Usable Software.

  • DoD has an opportunity to substantially reduce product development time

    • Requires adoption of multi-physics based software design and analysis tools by both government and industry

  • We don’t have a lot of insight into how these products can move into industry

    • Council on Competitiveness studies document that industry has been slow to adopt multi-physics software

  • How do we make this happen?


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Back-up slides Deliver Usable Software.


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Present Systems Engineering Deliver Usable Software.Iterated DesignBuildTest Cycles

Build

Physical Product

Test

Physical Product

Requirements

Design

Market

(Many) Design iterations

F-22 Flight Test

  • Long time to deployment

    • Requires many lengthy and expensive design/build/test iteration loops

    • Process converges slowly, if at all

    • Design flaws discovered late in process


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A Paradigm Shift in Product Development Is Underway Deliver Usable Software.

  • Past :

    • Repeated DesignBuildTest Cycles

  • Present:

    • Occasionally Augment DesignBuildTest with Limited Single-Physics Analysis by Use of Research or Commercial Codes

  • Future:

    • Design Through Analysis, Multi-Physics Design and Analysis with Supercomputer Power

    • Repeated CADMeshAnalyze Cycles Followed by a Few DesignBuildTest Cycles


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Computer Power Deliver Usable Software.

Testing

Computational

Design

Weapon Capability

2010

1,000,000

GigaFlops/s

Improved safety

Improved robustness

NIF

Improved yield

to weight

  • Increasing

  • Computational Design

  • Capability

  • Improvements over time:

  • Solution methods

  • Spatial resolution

  • Temporal resolution

  • Geometric fidelity

    • 1-D to 2-D to 3-D

  • Physics models

  • …….

MIRV

(even lighter,

smaller)

Test ban

SLBM

(even lighter,

smaller)

Underground

ICBM

(lighter, smaller)

Heavy

Hydrogen

Bombs

0.000000001

GigaFlops/s

1945

Atomic Bombs

Air Tests

Physics-based Engineering Software Helped The US Win Cold War.

  • Nuclear weapons are complex, expensive, and hard to test

    • ~ 5 to 10 tests per system

  • DOE NNSA uses computational tools for:

    • Design development, optimization, & analysis.

  • DOE NNSA labs own the biggest supercomputers


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Critical Factors for Success Deliver Usable Software.

  • We analyzed what worked and what didn’t

    • Must have a lot of experience in computational engineering

    • Must have the right people—especially team leaders who have demonstrated that they can succeed

    • Must have highly skilled and experienced multi-disciplinary team

    • Must have stable support

  • We applied these principles to CREATE


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The CREATE Approach Deliver Usable Software.

  • Software is being built by government-led teams

  • Each product has a roadmap

    • Each year there is a release of a usable application

    • Each release builds on the previous release and adds the increased capability called for in the roadmap

    • Each release is beta-tested by targeted user communities before production release

  • Releases are scalable for massively computers and responsive to user requirements

  • Users can access the applications, but we don’t plan to release source code


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Early Deliver Usable Software.Success: Rapid Deployment of EP-3E

  • Shadow-Ops: CREATE staff use computational tools to support acquisition programs  provide experience and establish connections and value

  • Performed CFD analysis of impact of electronic countermeasure pod for EP-3E flight clearance--Not sufficient time for conventional process (flight tests)

    • Eliminated construction cost of wind tunnel model and tests and need for contractor flying quality report.

    • Provided aircraft flying qualities characteristics within required time frame.

    • Provided data required to issue flight clearance in time for direct deployment.

  • Reduced overall program cost and time.

  • Only 1 flying qualities flight test required – Saving between 3-4 flight tests.

  • System was deployed in the forward theatre in less than four months instead of twelve

POC: Ms. Ryan Fitzgerald, FQ Engineer NAVAIR 4.3.2.5

New Forward

Component


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Another Early Success Deliver Usable Software.

Improved Flight Certification Process for Marine Corps UAV

8 foot wingspan

Engineers: Drs. Theresa Shafer / Gary N. McQuay - PMA-263 STUAS/Tier II UAS

  • Problem: Expensive and lengthy UAV flight certification for small-vendor designs due to physical testing required for flight data.

  • Solution: Joint Navy and CREATE Air Vehicles Shadow-Ops STUAS project used computational engineering tools to rapidly and cheaply develop the flight certification database.

  • Benefits to DoD Aircraft Programs

    • Reduced time and cost by eliminating the need for physical model testing

    • Enabled industry competitiveness through quick Services assessment of many vendor designs

    • Provided unbiased performance data to STUAS Program Office for assessment of contractor vehicles

  • Six new vendors are now able to compete for UAV contracts


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Some companies have adopted this paradigm. Deliver Usable Software.

Design and Mesh Virtual Product

Analyze and Test

Virtual Product

Build and Test

Physical Product

Market

Requirements

  • Reduced time to market from 3 years to less than 1 year

  • Increased new products delivery from 1 every 3 years to 5 per year

Design iterations

L. K. Miller, Simulation-Based Engineering for Industrial Competitive Advantage, 2010, Computing in Science and Engineering, 12, 14-21