The Gilded Age. The Organization of Labor. Essential Question : How did workers & the U.S. government respond to the rapid changes of industrialization during the Gilded Age?. Changes of the Gilded Age. During the Gilded Age (1870-1900), the U.S. industrialized rapidly:
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The Organization of Labor
Essential Question:How did workers & the U.S. government respond to the rapid changes of industrialization during the Gilded Age?
Two Labor Union (types)
1) Trade Unions (skilled)
The unification of all trade unions and common laborers.
Opposed by business interests.
put on do not hire
business locks out
During the Chicago Haymarket Strike (1886), unionists demanded an 8-hr day; When violence broke out, public opinion turned against unions, viewing them as violent & “un-American”
Violence erupted during the Homestead Strike (1892) at one of Carnegie’s steel plants; Federal troops were called to re-open the place with replacement workers
Steelworkers did not form a new union for 40 years
In 1894, Eugene Debs led railroad workers on a national strike when the Pullman Palace Car Company cut wages by 50%
President Cleveland sent the army to end the strike; Strikers in 27 states resisted U.S. troops & dozens died
“Tools” of Management
“Tools” of Labor
The Great U.S. FEAR: The Hand That Will Rule the World One Big Union
Supreme Court ruled 60-hour work week limit unconstitutional