Pat Points… • How did the TV help the Civil Rights Movement?
The Beginnings of the Civil Rights Movement Causes WWII Urban black middle class Television Cold war-a “model” society
Protests Brown vs. Board of Education Southern “manifesto” Desegregation at Little Rock, AK Little Rock Central High Governor Faubus
Montgomery Bus Boycott Rosa Parks Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. SCLU
Non-Violent Demonstrations Sit-In Campaigns Woolworth Lunch Counter Joseph McNeil SNCC Freedom Rides CORE
SNCC… • www.crmvet.org/crmpics/band/sncc.jpg
University of Miss. Riots James Meredith Protest march in Birmingham Eugene “Bull” Connor Letter from a Birmingham Jail March on Washington A. Philip Randolph & Bayard Rustin “I Have a Dream”
Freedom Summer Andrew Goodman, Michael Schwerner, James Chaney MFDP Fannie Lou Hamer Bloody Sunday Governor Wallace President Johnson Voting Rights Act/Civil Rts. Act
Pat Points Why does the non-violent approach of the civil rights movement change in the late 1960’s? What other civil rights groups will emerge in the 1960’s?
Other Events (con’t) The rise of minorities African Americans Affirmative action Chicago campaign Commission on Civil Disorders Civil rights activists turn violent Black panthers Malcolm X The Assassination of MLK The Assassination of Robert Kennedy
Minorities (con’t) The Indian Civil Rights Movement Declaration of Indian Purpose National Indian Youth Council AIM The Indian Civil Rights Act Louis Bruce
Hispanic Americans Hispanic Farm Workers Cesar Chavez & Dolores Huerta United Farm Workers Union
The Gay Liberation Movement The Stonewall Riot “Coming out of the closet” AIDS Scare Hate Crimes “Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell” Defense of Marriage Act Legalization of Gay Marriages ?
“Coming Out of the Closet” in Congress 1983U.S. Rep. Gerry Studds, D-Mass, becomes 1st member of Congress to acknowledge his homosexuality.. 1987U.S. Rep. Barney Frank becomes the second member of Congress to state he is gay.
Hate Crimes… 1990President George H. Bush signs the national Hate Crimes Act, the first to include gays. 1993Don’t Ask Don’t Tell is instituted for U.S military.
1995Clinton signs executive order forbidding the denial of security clearances on basis of sexual orientation. 1998Clinton signs the Defense of Marriage Act, denying the federal benefits to same-sex spouses.
2000Vermont becomes first state to legalize civil unions between gay and lesbian couples. 2004Same sex marriages become legal in Massachussetts. 2004U.S. Senate defeats measure to create constitutional ammendment limiting marriage to heterosexual.
The Feminist movement Betty Freidan NOW Equal Pay Act of 1963 Title VII of Civil Rights Act of 1965 ERA Other achievements of the women’s movement Expansion of Affirmative Action The abortion issue Roe v Wade