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Session #: D5 Concurrent Session Period 5 October 29, 2011 Time 1:30-2:30. Population Based Care: The Heart of the Primary Care Behavioral Health Model. Patricia J. Robinson PhD patti1510@msn.com Mountainview Consulting Group, Inc. patriciarobinsonphd.com

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population based care the heart of the primary care behavioral health model

Session #: D5

Concurrent Session Period 5

October 29, 2011

Time 1:30-2:30

Population Based Care: The Heart of the Primary Care Behavioral Health Model

Patricia J. Robinson PhD patti1510@msn.com

Mountainview Consulting Group, Inc. patriciarobinsonphd.com

Healthcare Consultant and Trainer, Yakima, WA

Jeffrey T. Reiter, PhD, ABPP jeffreiter2@gmail.com

Co-Director, Primary Care Behavioral Health Service

HealthPoint Community Health Centers Seattle, WA

Collaborative Family Healthcare Association 13th Annual Conference

October 27-29, 2011 Philadelphia, Pennsylvania U.S.A.

faculty disclosure
Faculty Disclosure
  • We currently have the following relevant financial relationships during the past 12 months:
  • Springer Media + Business – Co-Authors
need practice gap supporting resources
Need/Practice Gap & Supporting Resources

What is the scientific basis for this talk?

  • A population based care approach promotes better outcomes for a population of patients and for individual patients in that population.

“Tools, Teamwork and Tenacity: An Office System for Cancer Prevention.” Carney  PA, Dietrich  AJ, Keller  A, Landgraf  J, O'Connor  GT.  Journal of Family Practice. 1992;35(4):388–394.

Robinson, T. N. (1999). Reducing children’s television viewing to prevent obesity: A randomized controlled trial. Journal of the American Medical Association, 282(16), 1561–1567.

Epstein, L. H., Valoski, A. M., Vara, L. S., McCurley, J., Wisniewski, L., Kalarchian, M. A., et al. (1995). Effects of decreasing sedentary behavior and increasing activity on weight change in obese children. Health Psychology, 14(2), 109–115.

need practice gap supporting resources1
Need/Practice Gap & Supporting Resources

What is the scientific basis for this talk?

  • Barriers to implementation of population-based care programs for behavioral health problems in primary care include lack of training of behavioral health providers in the community population-based care perspective and the availability of research studies that support dissemination.

Glasgow, R. E., Lichtenstein, E., & Marcus, A. C. (2003). Why don’t we see more translation of health promotion research to practice? Rethinking the efficacy-to-effectiveness transition. American Journal of Public Health, 93(8), 1261–1267.

objectives
Objectives
  • Describe the Primary Care BH model and how it supports development of population-based care programs for primary care patients with behavior problems
  • List principles of population-based care
  • Use the High Impact Patient Group (HIP-G) tool to identify a group of concern in the participant's home clinic
  • Use the Population Based Care Principles (PBCP) tool to generate possible programmatic changes to the way medical and primary care services are delivered to a high impact patient group
expected outcome
Expected Outcome

After being introduced to a model that serves as a platform for development of population-based care programs, participants will feel more confident about pursing the development of these programs.

After learning more about the gap between research and practice and how this impacts development of population-based programs for patients with behavior problems, participants will be more interested in developing studies that support dissemination.

With increased awareness of 2 tools for developing population-based programs, participants will be more likely to initiate population-based program development activities in their clinic.

learning assessment
Learning Assessment

A learning assessment is required for CE credit.

  • Rate your level of knowledge of an integration model that provides a platform for development of population-based care programs that address primary care patient behavior problems. (1 = no information; 10 = very knowledgeable)
  • Rate your current knowledge about the gap between research and practice and how this impacts development of population-based programs for patients with behavior problems. (1 = no information; 10 = very knowledgeable).
  • Rate your current interest in developing / requesting studies that better support development of population-based programs for patients with behavior problems (1 = low interest; 10 = high interest).
  • Rate your current intention to initiate population-based programs for patients with behavior problems (1 = low intention; 10 = high intention).
slide8

This presentation focuses on using Population-Based Health Strategies in the PCMH

Population-Based Health

?

Population Selection

Program Development

what is the population health perspective
What is the “population health perspective”?
  • “A population health perspective encompasses the ability to assess the health needs of a specific population; implement and evaluate interventions to improve the health of that population; and provide care for individual patients in the context of the culture, health status, and health needs of the populations of which that patient is a member.”

American Association of Medical Colleges (AAMC)

population based approach five principles
Population-Based ApproachFive Principles
  • A community perspective
  • A clinical epidemiology perspective (population-based data)
  • Evidence-based practice
  • Emphasis on effective outcomes
  • Emphasis on primary prevention
important considerations
Important Considerations

“When caring for a population, you should measure outcomes for all your patients with the targeted condition, not just those who come to your office. This is largely what differentiates population- based care from traditional, individual- centered care.”

Rivo

  • “The term population-based medicine refers to the broadest aspects of community medical care, from primary prevention through tertiary care; … disease state management (DSM) … (is) the subset of population-based care that focuses on disease control . . .”

Weiss

two strategies for population health intervention
Two Strategies for Population Health Intervention

High-Risk Strategy

Population Strategy

Assumes occurrence of disease reflects behavior/circumstances of society as a whole

Small, favorable shift in a risk factor across a population can produce large benefit to population as a whole

Examples:

2 point ↓ in mean DBP of population leads to 14%↓ in new stroke cases

↓ population fat consumption is more effective for ↓ heart disease than chol-lowering meds for pts with high cholesterol

  • Intervention directed only at those who are high-risk
  • Overall impact on disease burden in whole population may be small
    • But individuals receiving intervention benefit more
  • Examples:
    • IMPACT (depression)
    • Chronic Care Model
    • Other population-specific strategies we will discuss later
pcbh a model for both strategies
PCBH*: A Model for Both Strategies
  • Member of primary care team, work side-by-side
  • Consultation to improve PCP mgmt of beh’l issues
    • Wide variety of interventions and goals
    • Brief visits, limited follow-up
    • Immediate feedback to PCP
    • Any behaviorally-based problem, any age
  • Aim for immediate access, high patient volume
  • Oversees population-based interventions for various problems, from initiation to maintenance
                  • * Robinson and Reiter, 2006
a model for both strategies cont d
A Model for Both Strategies (cont’d)

High-Risk Strategy

Population Strategy

“Community or ‘population’ interventions can succeed by making small changes in a large number of people, rather than large changes in a small number of people.”—AMA (2002)

PCBH Goals:

Higher patient volume, lower intensity of care

Increase PCP skill in and use of behavioral interventions

Improve PCP efficiency and satisfaction

  • BHC role:
    • Identifies important populations for program development
    • Reviews available data
    • Surveys PCPs and RNs
    • Makes presentations and works to develop cohesion
    • Participates actively in PBC program development committees
    • Provides important clinical component
high impact patient group 4 hip g 4 tool

High Impact Patient Group 4 (HIP-G 4) tool

Use to identify a target population for a pathway program in your clinic

Whois in the group and how many people are in the group? Age; gender; risk factor status; disease status; health care system metrics (such as rates of use)

What services do patients in the group receive now?

What is the evidence for the current approach?

What is the impact of the current approach? On providers? On the health care system? On patient satisfaction? On patient health status (including QOL)?

population based care pop bc 4 tool

Population-Based Care (Pop-BC 4) tool

Use to develop program to improve care to high impact target population

What change (s) could be made to improve delivery of evidence-based treatments to the target population?

What are the clinic resources for attempting to improve care to the target population? Provider interest, BH resources, space, financial impact

How will you measure impact of change? Providers? Health care system? Patient satisfaction? Patient health status (including QOL)

Do you have a detailed planthat includes a pilotand asteering committee?

illustration of the hip g 4 tool chronic pain and opiate misuse

Illustration of the HIP-G 4 Tool: Chronic Pain and Opiate Misuse

Who is in the group and how many people are in the group?

All patients aged 18 and above who have received > 3 consecutive months of refills of narcotics

2. What services do patients in the group receive now?

Phone and clinic visits with nurses and PCPs, and sometimes a BHC

3. What is the evidence for the current approach?

Multi-disciplinary treatment and CBT is associated with improved clinical outcomes; group medical visit approach reduces costs by reducing use of ER services

4. What is the impact of the current approach?

Providers and patients are dissatisfied. No data on patient health status and QOL is readily available. Cost data is not available.

illustration of the pop bc 4 tool chronic pain

Illustration of the Pop-BC 4 Tool: Chronic Pain

What change(s) could be made to improve delivery of evidence-based treatments to the target population?

Create a pathway that requires referred patients to see the BHC for an orientation visit and enrollment in a monthly group medical visit, link RX refills to classes, involve nurse in tracking key outcomes in a registry (signed patient agreement, assignment to class, violations of agreement)

What are the clinic resources for attempting to improve care to the target population?

Strong interest, capable BHC

How will you measure impact of change?

Track visits, assess patient QOL at monthly group medical visits, assess provider and patient satisfaction every 6 months

Do you have a detailed plan that includes a pilot and a steering committee?

Initial pilot with 3 PCPs for 6 month period; steering committee including PCP, BHC, RN, and Clinic director

learning assessment1
Learning Assessment

A learning assessment is required for CE credit.

  • Rate your level of knowledge of an integration model that provides a platform for development of population-based care programs that address primary care patient behavior problems. (1 = no information; 10 = very knowledgeable)
  • Rate your current knowledge about the gap between research and practice and how this impacts development of population-based programs for patients with behavior problems. (1 = no information; 10 = very knowledgeable).
  • Rate your current interest in developing / requesting studies that better support development of population-based programs for patients with behavior problems (1 = low interest; 10 = high interest).
  • Rate your current intention to initiate population-based programs for patients with behavior problems (1 = low intention; 10 = high intention).
session evaluation
Session Evaluation

Please complete and return theevaluation form to the classroom monitor before leaving this session.

Thank you!