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Higher Education System in China

Higher Education System in China

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Higher Education System in China

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  1. Higher Education System in China Yuxiang Chen Tong Lin

  2. Outline • Introduction to China • China Education System • Overview • National Higher Education Entrance Examination • Higher Education in China • Tongji University and personal experience • HUST and personal experience

  3. Introduction to China • Population: 1.38 billion • Area: 9.60 million km2 • History: 5000 years • Language: Mandarin • Religion: Taoism, Buddhism • GDP / P (2008): $ 3383 (106th)

  4. China Education System (Overview) • National education budget: 3.48% of GDP (2008) • Literacy rate: 92% • Men: 96% • Women: 88% • Compulsory education: 9 years program • Mostly examination-oriented education

  5. Comparison

  6. China Education System Higher Education Vocational Education • Kindergarten (optional) • Primary education (6 y) • Junior secondary (3 y) • First 9-year education is compulsory and in principle for free • Senior / Vocational secondary (3 y) • Promotion rate (2008) 72.7% Senior Secondary Vocational Secondary 83.4% Junior Secondary 99.7% Primary Education Kindergarten

  7. National Higher Education Entrance Examination • Very important to Chinese students • Standardized exams inside the province • Usually consists of 4 subjects: (2 days) • Mathematics • Chinese • English • Optional subject: (Chemistry, Physics, Biology, History, Geography …)

  8. National Higher Education Entrance Examination • The enrolment of a university is based on total mark, which varies in different province • Gross enrolment ratio: 59.3% (2008) 5.99 Million out of 10.50 Million candidates • Very competitive to get in a good university

  9. Higher Education in China • 23 million undergraduates and postgraduates in ca. 2300 institutions • The quality of different universities are quite different (Project 211, Project 985) • Investments from government (2006) • Overall: 101 billion RMB • Project 211: 3.7 billion RMB • Project 985: another 2.8 billion RMB • Mostly controlled by government

  10. Higher Education in China • Tremendously enlarging the scale of higher education since 1999 • Problems: • Quality of education • Pressure to find a job (5.99 million graduates in 2008)

  11. Shanghai • the largest city in Chinawith over 20 million people • Location : central eastern coast at the mouth of the Yangtze River • Climate: Summer (Av. 27.8 °C) Winter (Av. 3.5 °C)

  12. Overview of Tongji University • Established at 1907 • 82 Bachelors Degrees, 218 Masters, 94 PhD programs and 16 post doctoral mobile stations over 710 professors and 1500 associate professors. • 6 Members of Chinese Academy of Science, 7 Members of Chinese Academy of Engineering • over 50,000 students

  13. Close connection with Germany • Tongji German Medical School (1907) • By Erich Paulun (1862-1909) • the predecessor of the today‘s Tongji • Mostly every president has the background of study in Germany • Leading position in German teaching • Chinesisch-DeutschesHochschulkolleg(CDHK)

  14. Studies • Mostly lecture courses (sometimes with homework), lab • Choose courses according to study plan • 15-20 credits Each semester • ca. 16 hours in a semester = 1 credits • Second bachelor degree, possibly in other university (5 year instead of 4 year)

  15. Campus • five campuses • 2,460,000 m2 • Siping Campus (main Campus) • the West Campus • the North Campus • the East Campus • the Jiading Campus • (under construction)

  16. Campus

  17. Life in Tongji • 4 students share a room • Special room for foreign students • 120 euro per year • Each student can immediately get a place in dormitory • With toilet/shower room, no kitchen • Up to 2M ADSL in a month

  18. Degree programs • BA, MA, Doctor or language courses available • Requirement (Master) • college educational background or equivalent • college graduation certificate and academic transcript • Two recommendation letters • HSK certificate copy (Chinese Toefl) • First year as a trial year • Interview (optional)

  19. Degree program • Application procedure • Application form and required documents • An Admission Notice and Visa Application for Study in China will be sent to successful applicants • Apply for a student entry visa (X-visa) • medical insurance and casualty insurance • Accommodation reservation • Notice: Applicant needs a supervisor in China

  20. Exchange program • Software engineering • No tuition fees; however no scholarship • Free Chinese language courses • Uni guarantees a room for each student • Required documents (in English) • Application form • CV and cover letter • transcript

  21. Wuhan • Capital city of province Hubei (Largest city in the middle of China) • Area: 8467.11 sq.km. Inhabitants: 9.79 million

  22. Overview of HUST • Huazhong University of Science and Technology • Established at 1953 (after the founding of PRC) • Project 211, Project 985 (top 10 university in China) • 1036 professors, 47 departments • 35584 undergraduate, 12668 graduate students • 450 sq.km.

  23. Pics: Main Gate

  24. Pics: Small Lake

  25. Pics: Building

  26. Pics: Classroom

  27. Application and Exchange • Application: • Application form • Copy of passport, photo • Certificate of degree (Bachelor, Master …) • HSK • Exchange programs: • Uni Wuppertal (2+2)

  28. Study in CS (General) • Bachelor: 4 years, Master: 2 years • Undergraduate programs (200 credits) • Computer Science & Technology • Information Security • Tuition: 5000 RMB / year (scholarship) • Marks are important! Not enough practicing • High workload • Respect greatly professors and teachers, not like to question

  29. Study in CS (Courses) • Credits based (16 class hours per credit) • Not much freedom to choose until junior • Content similar, but almost in Chinese • Usually associated with a lot of assignments • Assignments will be marked and returned

  30. Study in CS (Exams) • No oral exam • 90 minutes or so, more questions than here • Marks usually in 100-point scale • Marks published in student ID

  31. Life in HUST • University as a “city” • Dining halls supply food from breakfast to supper • Fee for dormitory: 1200 RMB / year • Four people share a room • Spare time: plenty of activities • Sports • Clubs • Movies • Parties

  32. Pics: Dormitory

  33. Pics: Einstein Statue

  34. Pics: Dining hall

  35. Pics: Celebrity Garden

  36. Pics: Sport Ground

  37. Studying abroad • Why TUM? • Took the German course coincidently • Attracted by the Germany’s personality, products and football • SpitzeUni • Problems encountered: • Mostly language • Different ways to study, to communicate, as well as to live

  38. Thank you for listening!Questions?