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Higher Education System in China

Higher Education System in China. Yuxiang Chen Tong Lin. Outline. Introduction to China China Education System Overview National Higher Education Entrance Examination Higher Education in China Tongji University and personal experience HUST and personal experience.

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Higher Education System in China

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  1. Higher Education System in China Yuxiang Chen Tong Lin

  2. Outline • Introduction to China • China Education System • Overview • National Higher Education Entrance Examination • Higher Education in China • Tongji University and personal experience • HUST and personal experience

  3. Introduction to China • Population: 1.38 billion • Area: 9.60 million km2 • History: 5000 years • Language: Mandarin • Religion: Taoism, Buddhism • GDP / P (2008): $ 3383 (106th)

  4. China Education System (Overview) • National education budget: 3.48% of GDP (2008) • Literacy rate: 92% • Men: 96% • Women: 88% • Compulsory education: 9 years program • Mostly examination-oriented education

  5. Comparison

  6. China Education System Higher Education Vocational Education • Kindergarten (optional) • Primary education (6 y) • Junior secondary (3 y) • First 9-year education is compulsory and in principle for free • Senior / Vocational secondary (3 y) • Promotion rate (2008) 72.7% Senior Secondary Vocational Secondary 83.4% Junior Secondary 99.7% Primary Education Kindergarten

  7. National Higher Education Entrance Examination • Very important to Chinese students • Standardized exams inside the province • Usually consists of 4 subjects: (2 days) • Mathematics • Chinese • English • Optional subject: (Chemistry, Physics, Biology, History, Geography …)

  8. National Higher Education Entrance Examination • The enrolment of a university is based on total mark, which varies in different province • Gross enrolment ratio: 59.3% (2008) 5.99 Million out of 10.50 Million candidates • Very competitive to get in a good university

  9. Higher Education in China • 23 million undergraduates and postgraduates in ca. 2300 institutions • The quality of different universities are quite different (Project 211, Project 985) • Investments from government (2006) • Overall: 101 billion RMB • Project 211: 3.7 billion RMB • Project 985: another 2.8 billion RMB • Mostly controlled by government

  10. Higher Education in China • Tremendously enlarging the scale of higher education since 1999 • Problems: • Quality of education • Pressure to find a job (5.99 million graduates in 2008)

  11. Shanghai • the largest city in Chinawith over 20 million people • Location : central eastern coast at the mouth of the Yangtze River • Climate: Summer (Av. 27.8 °C) Winter (Av. 3.5 °C)

  12. Overview of Tongji University • Established at 1907 • 82 Bachelors Degrees, 218 Masters, 94 PhD programs and 16 post doctoral mobile stations over 710 professors and 1500 associate professors. • 6 Members of Chinese Academy of Science, 7 Members of Chinese Academy of Engineering • over 50,000 students

  13. Close connection with Germany • Tongji German Medical School (1907) • By Erich Paulun (1862-1909) • the predecessor of the today‘s Tongji • Mostly every president has the background of study in Germany • Leading position in German teaching • Chinesisch-DeutschesHochschulkolleg(CDHK)

  14. Studies • Mostly lecture courses (sometimes with homework), lab • Choose courses according to study plan • 15-20 credits Each semester • ca. 16 hours in a semester = 1 credits • Second bachelor degree, possibly in other university (5 year instead of 4 year)

  15. Campus • five campuses • 2,460,000 m2 • Siping Campus (main Campus) • the West Campus • the North Campus • the East Campus • the Jiading Campus • (under construction)

  16. Campus

  17. Life in Tongji • 4 students share a room • Special room for foreign students • 120 euro per year • Each student can immediately get a place in dormitory • With toilet/shower room, no kitchen • Up to 2M ADSL in a month

  18. Degree programs • BA, MA, Doctor or language courses available • Requirement (Master) • college educational background or equivalent • college graduation certificate and academic transcript • Two recommendation letters • HSK certificate copy (Chinese Toefl) • First year as a trial year • Interview (optional)

  19. Degree program • Application procedure • Application form and required documents • An Admission Notice and Visa Application for Study in China will be sent to successful applicants • Apply for a student entry visa (X-visa) • medical insurance and casualty insurance • Accommodation reservation • Notice: Applicant needs a supervisor in China

  20. Exchange program • Software engineering • No tuition fees; however no scholarship • Free Chinese language courses • Uni guarantees a room for each student • Required documents (in English) • Application form • CV and cover letter • transcript

  21. Wuhan • Capital city of province Hubei (Largest city in the middle of China) • Area: 8467.11 sq.km. Inhabitants: 9.79 million

  22. Overview of HUST • Huazhong University of Science and Technology • Established at 1953 (after the founding of PRC) • Project 211, Project 985 (top 10 university in China) • 1036 professors, 47 departments • 35584 undergraduate, 12668 graduate students • 450 sq.km.

  23. Pics: Main Gate

  24. Pics: Small Lake

  25. Pics: Building

  26. Pics: Classroom

  27. Application and Exchange • Application: • Application form • Copy of passport, photo • Certificate of degree (Bachelor, Master …) • HSK • Exchange programs: • Uni Wuppertal (2+2)

  28. Study in CS (General) • Bachelor: 4 years, Master: 2 years • Undergraduate programs (200 credits) • Computer Science & Technology • Information Security • Tuition: 5000 RMB / year (scholarship) • Marks are important! Not enough practicing • High workload • Respect greatly professors and teachers, not like to question

  29. Study in CS (Courses) • Credits based (16 class hours per credit) • Not much freedom to choose until junior • Content similar, but almost in Chinese • Usually associated with a lot of assignments • Assignments will be marked and returned

  30. Study in CS (Exams) • No oral exam • 90 minutes or so, more questions than here • Marks usually in 100-point scale • Marks published in student ID

  31. Life in HUST • University as a “city” • Dining halls supply food from breakfast to supper • Fee for dormitory: 1200 RMB / year • Four people share a room • Spare time: plenty of activities • Sports • Clubs • Movies • Parties

  32. Pics: Dormitory

  33. Pics: Einstein Statue

  34. Pics: Dining hall

  35. Pics: Celebrity Garden

  36. Pics: Sport Ground

  37. Studying abroad • Why TUM? • Took the German course coincidently • Attracted by the Germany’s personality, products and football • SpitzeUni • Problems encountered: • Mostly language • Different ways to study, to communicate, as well as to live

  38. Thank you for listening!Questions?

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