The Marxist Approach. Dates back to the 19 th century – roots in the work of Karl Marx and extends into the 20 th century with the works of the Neo-Marxists and the emergence of the new left in the 1960s.
PowerPoint Slideshow about 'The Marxist Approach' - bonnie
An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation
Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.
The focus was on the coercive nature of law, whereby they say law and legal order as a direct expression of the economic interests of the ruling class – a means of protecting property and consolidating political power. Some writers even went so far as to claim that capitalist class member were immune from criminal sanction (Quinney 1975, Chambliss 1975).
Viewing the state as an instrument or tool of the ruling class does not allow for systematic analysis of how actions and strategies of various ruling-class groups are limited by constraints inherent in the structure of society.
Accumulation includes activities in which the state is involved, either actively or passively, in aiding the process of capital accumulation (or wealth generation). In short, the state must try to create and maintain the conditions under which profitable accumulation or capital is possible.
While instrumentalism was criticized for its overemphasis on capitalist class input into and control over the state, it could be argued that the structuralist account went too far in the other direction: it is the constraints and limitations of the structure – not human agency – that determine the direction of society.
3. As it stands, the focus on the accumulation and legitimation functions of the state leads to a kind of circular reasoning; any concessions made to workers are indicative of the legitimation function, while gains made by capitalists are attributed to the state’s concern with maintaining capital accumulation.
By rooting inequality in the economic sphere, and by defining power in terms of relations between dominant and subordinate classes, the Marxist formulation went beyond the functionalist and liberal-pluralist accounts in clarifying the systemic nature of inequality and how it is reproduced at the superstructural level.