The Marxist Interpretation of History. Ruling Elite = Aristorcracy + Landowners Rule society by use of Force Importance of Religion to reinforce hierarchical society. Dominant Ideology. FEUDAL SYSTEM. Economic basis of society = Agriculture Land = Power.
Rule society by use of Force
Importance of Religion to reinforce hierarchical society.
Economic basis of society = Agriculture
Land = Power
Below this line = peasantry and some economic activity
For Marx when the basis of society comes under pressure and moves from Agriculture (feudalism) to Industry (Capitalism) there is a Revolution and a change in the way in which society is organised. When does this happen?
After the Revolution the dominant ideology changes. And there is a change in the class that runs society
Capitalist Society 1750?
New Rulers of society = Industrial Middle class. Factory owners, managers, entrepreneurs.
Old landed Aristocracy
Basis of society is capitalist economy
Business, industry, trade
For the skilled and unskilled working classes the capitalist system creates a ‘false consciousness’ they are held in check by the bourgeoisie and the dominant ideology
The end of History?