Heat Transfer

1 / 25

# Heat Transfer - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Heat Transfer. March 20, 2007. Warm-up. Wrap a fur coat around a thermometer. Will its temperature rise? Explain why or why not. If you hold one end of a metal nail against a piece of ice, the end in your hand soon becomes cold. Does cold flow from the ice to your hand? Explain. Answer.

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.

## PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Heat Transfer' - bonnie

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

### Heat Transfer

March 20, 2007

Warm-up
• Wrap a fur coat around a thermometer. Will its temperature rise? Explain why or why not.
• If you hold one end of a metal nail against a piece of ice, the end in your hand soon becomes cold. Does cold flow from the ice to your hand? Explain.
• No, the thermometer will not heat up because it is the same temperature as the coat. There has to be a difference in temperature in order for heat transfer to take place
• No, cold does not flow. Heat flows from your hand to the nail to the ice. Since your hand is losing heat, it feels cold. HEAT is the only thing that flows.
Practice Question
• Explain why “firewalkers” can walk safely across a bed of red-hot coals in bare feet.
• Because the rate of heat transfer is slow, because coals are not very good conductors. If they walk fast enough, there is only a small amount of heat transferred to their feet, and they do not burn.
Practice Question
• If heat transfers from hot to cold, and stops when the two objects reach the same temperature, explain why it is possible for the inside of your car to be hotter than the air outside on a hot summer day.
• The greenhouse effect. Electromagnetic waves from the sun enter your car through the windows and are absorbed by the seats and other objects in the car. They then re-emit electromagnetic radiation of a different wavelength that cannot pass through glass. All of that energy is therefore trapped inside the car, causing the temperature to rise.
Practice Question
• Since a hot cup of tea cools more rapidly than a lukewarm cup of tea, would it be correct to say that a hot cup of tea will cool to room temperature before a lukewarm cup of tea will?
• No, because as it cools, the rate of heat transfer slows down until it is just as slow as the lukewarm cup of tea. The only way to make it cool faster is by introducing convection. (mpemba effect)
Practice Question
• The Concorde supersonic airplane is 20 cm longer when in flight. Explain why.
• As the jet flies, it experiences a huge amount of friction, which heats it up significantly. This causes thermal expansion, and the plane lengthens.
Practice Question
• What is temperature a measure of?
• The average kinetic energy of the particles.
Practice Problem
• If you drop a hot rock into a pail of water, the temperature of the rock and the water will change until both are equal. The rock will cool and the water will warm. Is this true if the rock is dropped into the Atlantic Ocean?
• Yes, yes, yes!!! Even though the Atlantic ocean is huge, the heat that leaves the rock enters the water (law of conservation of energy). This means that the temperature will increase. Since the ocean is a huge body of water, it will be an incredibly small change, but a change nonetheless.
Practice Problem
• When you step out of a swimming pool on a hot, dry day, you feel quite chilly. Why?
Practice problem
• The water will start evaporating in the air. Evaporation requires energy (heat) and that heat will come from your body. Since you are losing heat, you will feel cold.
Practice Problem
• Does a gas give off or absorb energy when it turns into a solid?