What do these images have in common?. What is urban?. With a partner create your own a definition Think of 5 words which best describe ‘urban’. The Urban Environment. Lesson Objectives: To understand the global patterns of population change.
Greater Tokyo city has 30 million people.
1. Rural to urban migration is happening on a massive scale due to population pressure and lack of resources in rural areas. These are 'push' factors’.
2. People living in rural areas are 'pulled' to the city. Often they believe that the standard of living in urban areas will be much better than in rural areas. They are usually wrong. People also hope for well paid jobs, the greater opportunities to find casual or 'informal' work, better health care and education.
3. Natural increase caused by a decrease in death rates while birth rates remain high.
Difficult conditions, with poor housing and low standards of living.
Lack of services such as schools, hospitals, clean water and electricity.
Chance of natural disasters and crop failures.
More opportunities in industry and services, with higher wages.
Better housing and better quality of life.
Better chance of services such as schools, medical care, water and electricity supply.
Fewer natural disasters in cities.
Pull factors –people are attracted to things that they like.Push factors – people may wish to get away from things that they do not like.
( rich) suburbs, because they feel safer away from the slums and squatter areas found in inner cities.