Nonviolent Resistance to the Nazis. 1.) Denmark 2.) Norway 3.) The Netherlands. Denmark. The Occupation: Invaded the 9 th April 1940 A simultaneous takeover of Denmark and Norway Military response was futile. The Terms: Given an ultimatum
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3.) The Netherlands
‘The Danes proved that however dreadful the opponent faced by those using nonviolent action, if resistance is resilient and imaginative, military sanctions are not enough to stamp out a popular movement – and violent reprisals may only harden the opposition.’
‘If the Nazis, the cruellest killing machine in the Century’s history, could be kept off balance by Danish school-boys, amateur saboteurs and underground clergymen, what other regime could be thought invulnerable to nonviolent resistance?’
-Peter Ackerman and Jack DuVall – A Force More Powerful – p. 231
Reasons for the Nazi Invasion:
Norway was invaded simultaneously with Denmark on April 9,1940.
Norway was of strategic importance to Germany due to her indented coast which would provide excellent bases for the war in the Atlantic.
Norwegian waters were being used for the transport of Swedish iron ore.
Germany feared Britain and France might occupy parts of Norway to stop the transport of the iron ore on which Germany depended – therefore they moved first.
Symbolic significance - the birthplace of the Nordic Aryan race.
Installation of a Puppet Government:
Vidkun Quisling headed this government and assumed
the title of Minister President.
One of his primary aims was to establish the Corporative
State on Mussolini’s model.
Teachers would form the first ‘corporation’.