American West. Gold Rush. 1800s “49ers” Conflict between Americans and immigrants Ghost towns Hoping to “get rich quick”. Mining. Silver mines Turned into an industry Miners tended to be fairly rough men Women ran businesses Led to early suffrage in western states
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Well-known Mining Centers
Well-known trails included:
The Goodnight-Loving Trail, the Chisholm Trail and the Sedalia Trail. All cattle trails led to a train station. Cattle were loaded onto railcars and taken to stockyards in Chicago where they were sold by head. Ranchers became rich.
Popular dime novels about cowboys were written. Most of them depicted battles between “Cowboys and Indians.”
In 1820 Major Stephen Long explored the region now known as the Great Plains. He termed it the “Great American Desert.” The climate inspired him to say the land was “almost wholly unfit for cultivation and of course uninhabitable by a people depending upon agriculture for their subsistence.”
Why sod and not trees?
Families unprepared for life in the West