Bell ringer- Pick one of these images explain what you think the message behind it is.
Propaganda of WWII World Studies
What is propaganda? • The spreading of ideas to promote a certain cause or to damage an opposing cause. • Presents fact selectively (aka lying) • Appeals to one’s sense of pride, nationalism, patriotism, and/or emotion. • It may also use stereotypes, fear, exaggeration, and racism to persuade people to a cause.
Some Types of Propaganda • Appeal to authority- Appeals to authority cite prominent figures to support a position, idea, argument, or course of action. • Appeal to fear- Appeals to fear and seeks to build support by instilling anxieties and panic in the general population. • Appeal to prejudice- Using loaded terms to attach value or moral goodness to believing the proposition. Used in biased or misleading ways. • Bandwagon-Bandwagon appeals attempt to persuade the target audience to join in and take the course of action that "everyone else is taking".
How do propaganda messages spread? • Radio broadcasts • Posters • Slogans • Comics • Speeches • T.V. commercials • Cartoons • Music
Propaganda during WWII • Propaganda was widely used by both sides during WWII. Examples include: • Posters • Newsreels/movies • Radio • Speeches • Music
Adolf Hitler said… • “ To be effective, propaganda must be aimed at the emotions. The masses are not moved by scientific ideas…but by primitive feelings, terror, force, and discipline. Propaganda must reduce everything to simple slogans and must concentrate on one enemy.”