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The Gothic Novel. Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein. Gothic Novel. Romantics loved the idea of being terrified Eerie and supernatural tales popular Goal: “to make the readers’ blood run cold” Mary Shelley’s intention in her intro . A “little gothick Castel.”. Horace Walpole’s castle

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the gothic novel

The Gothic Novel

Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein

gothic novel
Gothic Novel
  • Romantics loved the idea of being terrified
    • Eerie and supernatural tales popular
  • Goal: “to make the readers’ blood run cold”
    • Mary Shelley’s intention in her intro
a little gothick castel
A “little gothick Castel.”
  • Horace Walpole’s castle
    • Rustic irregularity
    • Quirky battlements (fortifications for battle)
    • Overgrown landscaping
    • Gloriously imperfect
  • Left in ruins, make it more suitable for the gothic style
making monsters
Making Monsters
  • Walpole uses home to inspire ghost stories
    • The Castle of Otranto horror elements illustrate royal family collapse
  • Home & Writing inspired new genre
  • Gothic architecture reflected wild, unpredictable aspects of nature
  • Parallel to human aspirations & failures
exploring unseen evils
Exploring Unseen Evils
  • Allowed people of age to express sense of helplessness
    • Revolutions abroad
    • Industrial revolution
    • Economic change
  • Share the age’s suffering,

injustice & unseen evils

Left: child labor

Right: French Revolution

birth of frankenstein
Birth of Frankenstein
  • Mary Shelley biography
  • Author’s introduction to the novel
  • Provide key points
frankenstein
Frankenstein
  • Plot: protagonist desires to discover the secret of life and ends up creating a monster
  • Setting: Geneva, Swiss Alps, Ingolstadt, England and Scotland, Arctic
  • Point of view: Shifts between characters—Robert Walton, Frankenstein, monster
frankenstein s characters
Frankenstein’s Characters
  • Victor Frankenstein
  • The monster
  • Robert Walton
  • Elizabeth Lavenza
  • Henry Clerval
  • Justine Moritz
  • Alphonse Frankenstein
  • William Frankenstein

Frankenstein’s CREATURE

themes motifs symbols
Themes, Motifs, Symbols

Themes

  • Dangerous Knowledge
  • Influence of Nature
  • Identity of Man vs. Monster
  • Destructive force of secrecy
  • Complexity of Storytelling
  • Inability to control creation
  • Importance of Friendship

Motifs

  • Passive Women
  • Abortion

Symbols

  • Light & Fire