Starter Write down as many different words as you can for ‘said’. Commanded, exclaimed, shouted, demanded… Word Choice and Imagery • Learning Intentions • To understand literary techniques. • To identify strategies to answer close reading questions.
Hell into Heaven… • “I don’t believe this,” she screechedas she stormedinto the room, clearly furious. • The ruined cottage could only be reached through a dark wood everyone thought was haunted. • The exam was a disaster. The questions were horrible and it felt like it would never end. Extension: Write your own short, hellish description for someone to make heavenly. Swap jotters.
Word Choice in the Exam • Key Question: Why does the writer choose a specific word? • Strategy • Identify and quote key word. • State what the word literally means. • Explain the idea / effect the writer achieves through this. Example: “What are you doing?” he exploded.
How does the writer use word choice to create a particular effect? (2) • “Bolt rocketed round the track in his latest sprint relay.” • Strategy – The `just as, so too` technique. • Identify and quote key word. “Rocketed” • State what the word literally means. Just as `rocketed` describes an object moving at incredible speeds, • Explain the idea / effect the writer achieves through this. so too does it give the reader a sense of Bolt’s speed as he runs, suggesting it’s almost super-human.
5. With leaden feet, the Cholera victims trudged the last mile to their nearest hospital. Extension: Find four interesting words in the dictionary. Write your own sentences. If possible, link to news stories you’ve heard / read recently Strategy Identify and quote key word. State what the word literally means. Explain the idea / effect the writer achieves through this. How does the writer use word choice to create a particular effect? • The teacher stared around the room, hawk-eyed. • Calderwood was on the touchline throughout, roaring at the Hibs players. • Accusations flew about the room wildly. • Gary Barlow’s eyes sparkled with delight as he announced the latest tour had sold out in a matter of hours.
IMAGERY SIMILE METAPHOR PERSONIFICATION Imagery • Imagery is literally pictures created with words. • Many techniques come under the umbrella of imagery, but there are three main ones.
Similes • Similes are comparisons using like or as. • You are expected to comment on both the literal meaning and the effect. The cat was prowling round the garden like the lord of the manor. Lord of the manor • Literal meaning = • Effect =
Metaphors • Metaphors are also a comparison but they are less obvious than similes. • Metaphors describe something or someone as if it actually is something else. It is the east, and Juliet is the sun. (Shakespeare) Sun • Literal meaning = • Effect =
Personification • Personification is a type of metaphor where an inanimate object is described as if it has human qualities. • You must comment on the effect of the personification. The straw breathed as the lion slept beneath. Breathed • Literal meaning = • Effect =
Strategy Identify the image Explain the literal meaning Link this to the writer’s ideas What is the effect of the writer’s use of imagery? • “The cottage he lived in was nested high on the Randerston cliffs, from where he could watch how the mouth of the tide spoke to the shore.”
The flames danced in the night sky. Extension: Create your own images to describe a classroom. Strategy Identify the image Explain the literal meaning Link this to the writer’s ideas What is the effect of the writer’s use of imagery? • I slept like a log. • In the storm, the ship rolled about like a bobbing cork. • The lightning ripped the sky in two. • The fields were covered in a blanket of snow.
Plenary • Explain in your own words: • The key steps to answer a word choice question. • The key steps to answer an imagery question. Remember: The more you read (newspapers, novels, poems, magazines, blogs…) the more words you’ll know and the easier close reading will be