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Aviation

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  1. Aviation 6th grade Springton Lake

  2. .a.J. 0::: <C z <C ..,.... u. 0 ..,.... en ..,.... 1- 0::: <aC. 0..,.... . w z <C - Parts of an Airplane

  3. Parts of an Airplane • Fuselage- The main body of an Airplane. • Houses cockpit, passengers, cargo • Landing gear- Underneath the airplane • contains wheels, floats, etc. of an aircraft. • lands and moves on ground or water.

  4. Parts of the Plane • Propeller- A propeller is a rotating blade on the front of the airplane. • The engine turns the propeller, which pulls the airplane through the air.

  5. .a.J. 0::: <C z <C ..,.... u. 0 ..,.... en ..,.... 1- 0::: <aC. 0..,.... . w z <C - Parts of an Airplane

  6. Parts of an Airplane • Wings – Wings are the parts of the airplane that provide lift. • They also support the entire weight of the aircraft and its contents while in flight.

  7. Aviation • Flaps– Flaps are the movable sections of an airplane’s wings that are closest to the fuselage. • They move in the same direction on both wings at the same time, • and, by creating drag and lift, enable the airplane to fly more slowly.

  8. Parts of an Airplane • Ailerons- Ailerons – Ailerons are the movable sections on an outer edge of an airplane ’s wings. They move in opposite directions(when one goes up, the other goes down). They are used in making turns by controlling movement along the longitudinal axis.

  9. Parts of an Airplane • Rudder – The rudder is the movable, vertical section of the tail that controls lateral movement. • (side-to-side) • along the vertical axis • When the rudder moves in one direction, • the aircraft nose moves the same direction.

  10. Parts of an Airplane • Elevator – The elevator is the movable, horizontal section of the tail that causes the airplane to climb and descend. • When the elevator moves one direction, • the nose moves in the same direction • (up or down). • This movement is along the lateral axis

  11. Parts of an Airplane • Vertical Stabilizer- fixed piece on tail • Keeps aircraft stable • Keeps nose of plane from moving from • side to side • Horizontal Stabilizer- • Keeps nose of plane from moving from • up or down

  12. 1. 4. 3. 2. Forces on an Airplane

  13. Forces on an Airplane • There are 4forces on an airplane • THRUST—a force created by the engine that moves the airplane forward. Pulls airplane through the air. • LIFT—The up ward pushing force. It moves the aircraft upward.

  14. Aviation • DRAG—created by resistance against all the surfaces of the airplane. • GRAVITY—a force pulling down on the airplane; it’s the same force that keeps you on the earth.

  15. Movements of An Airplane • 3 Axis’Movements of an Airplane • Yaw • Pitch • Roll • Combinations of these • three controls enable • an airplane to maneuver.

  16. Movements of An Airplane Pitch • movement of the airplane's nose • up or down. • Vertical axis • stretching from one wing tip to the other. • The elevator controls the pitch.

  17. Movements of An Airplane Roll • Roll is known as the rising or dipping of the airplane's wing. • a Longitudinal axis • stretching from the nose to the tail of the aircraft.

  18. Roll • Ailerons control • Opposite directions • One up-one down • Bank or Roll • Longitudinal Axis • Nose to tail

  19. Movements of An Airplane YAW • move towards the left/ right • vertical axis • controlled by the rudder. • Left/Right

  20. Movements of An Airplane

  21. Movements of An Airplane • Rudder controls Yawleft/right • Elevator controls Pitchnose up/down • Ailerons control Roll

  22. Airplane Terms • Propulsion • 2 Latin words • Pro- before or forwards • Pellere- drive • means to push forward or drive an object forward.

  23. Aviation • Ground Speed- is the horizontal speed of an aircraft relative to the ground. A plane going vertical ground speed is zero.

  24. Airplane Terms • Stall- • is what happens when an airfoil (Wing) can not make enough lift to keep the aircraft in level flight.

  25. Aviation • Airspeed • The airspeed relative to the air around it. • Displays airspeed through air • Measured in Knots (nautical miles per hour)