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Chapter 5 Section 2 Enlightenment Ideas Spread. Mr. Bellisario Woodridge High School First Period World History August 29 & 30, 2013. Prior to the Enlightenment, no one questioned…. Divine right rule Class systems Belief in going to heaven b/c of earthly suffering.

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chapter 5 section 2 enlightenment ideas spread

Chapter 5 Section 2Enlightenment Ideas Spread

Mr. Bellisario

Woodridge High School

First Period World History

August 29 & 30, 2013

prior to the enlightenment no one questioned
Prior to the Enlightenment, no one questioned…
  • Divine right rule
  • Class systems
  • Belief in going to heaven b/c of earthly suffering
enlightenment effect on arts courtly art
Enlightenment Effect on Arts(Courtly Art)

Baroque

  • A grand and complex artistic style, during Louis XIV’s rule, early 1700’s
    • Huge colorful paintings
    • Glorified battles & Roman Catholic saints
enlightenment effect on arts courtly art1
Enlightenment Effect on Arts(Courtly Art)

Rococo

More personal art

Elegant, charming & delicate

enlightenment effect on arts middle class audience merchants town officials
Enlightenment Effect on Arts(Middle class audience – merchants & town officials)
  • Wanted self-portraits without frills, family life in town or country setting
  • Rembrandt
    • Dutch artist
    • Gave dignity to middle-class subjects
trends in music
Trends in music
  • Operas & ballets
    • Plays put to music
    • Orderly & structured
  • Opera houses opened
  • Johann Bach
    • Complex & beautiful
    • Religious works for organ & choir
  • George Handel – most famous for the “Messiah”
  • Mozart
novels wrote about the common folk
Novels (wrote about the common folk)
  • Daniel Defoe – (Robinson Crusoe) – adventures of shipwrecked sailor
  • Samuel Richardson – (Pamela) – story about servant girl
salons
Salons
  • Social gatherings where artists & thinkers exchange ideas.
  • Began by women, poetry readings.
slide9
Lives of the majority were unaffected by the Enlightenment, especially peasants who lived in small villages
  • Some peasants worked on patches of land
  • Tenant farmers paid yearly rents, showed little or no profit
  • Day laborers hired themselves out to work other’s farms
  • In France peasants had to provide free labor, building roads & bridges
  • In England peasants had to allow lords to fox hunt on their land, fields ripped up, crops destroyed
censorship
Censorship
  • Restricting people from hearing or reading about new ideas or new information
  • Old order was supposedly set up by God – Roman Catholic church leaders & government felt they had to protect people from new ideas
    • Banned books
    • Put writers in prison
enlightened despots
Enlightened Despots
  • Rulers who accepted Enlightened ideas & brought about reforms to their nations
  • However, they never attempted to give-up their power.
enlightenment despots catherine the great russia
Enlightenment Despots Catherine the Great (Russia)
  • Exchanged letters with Diderot & Voltaire
  • Limited reform
    • Spoke out against serfdom (farmers who worked for nobles & had no rights)
enlightenment despots fredrick the great
Enlightenment DespotsFredrick the Great
  • Listened to & reads Voltaire who built Prussian Academy of Science
  • Had agricultural reforms
    • Drained swamps
    • New crops like potatoes
    • Gave seed & tools to peasants who suffered in Prussian wars
  • Tolerated religious differences, said “everyone can go to heaven in his own fashion”
  • Reorganized civil service, simplified laws
enlightenment despots joseph ii
Enlightenment DespotsJoseph II
  • Most radical
  • Traveled in disguise among subjects to learn of their problems, called “Peasant Emperor”
  • Gave religious toleration to Protestants & Jews in Catholic Austria
  • Sold monasteries & convents, used proceeds to build hospitals
  • Abolished serfdom
  • Ended censorship