It is not our business to invent stories ourselves but only to be clear as to the main outlines to be followed by the poets in making their stories and the limits beyond which they must not be allowed to go.-Plato, The Republic, ca. 385 B.C. In 1205 A.D. Saint Dominic, founder of the Dominican Order of Preaching Friars, was sent to Languedoc (now part of France) to convert people to the orthodox faith. Traveling among the Albigensian heretics, he preached, taught, organized disputations, and supervised the burning of heretical books. CENSORSHIP IS AS OLD AS CIVILIZATION
Book Challenges: A challenge is an attempt to remove or restrict materials, based upon the objections of a person or group. Challenges do not simply involve a person expressing a point of view; rather, they are an attempt to remove material from the curriculum or library, thereby restricting the access of others. Books usually are challenged with the best intentions—to protect others, frequently children, from difficult ideas and information. Book Banning: A banning is the removal of those materials. Censorship: occurs when the “power of the state” removes material from open access. Almost always the motive for challenging or banning a book is cited as protection of childhood innocence or common decency, of law and order, the "one true faith," or a nation's security. But unlike the parent who monitors a child's reading, the censor seeks, through the public forum, to protect all "children," whether or not protection is warranted. Know the difference: one follows the other and it is all CENSORSHIP
Censorvs. Librarian • LIBRARIANS ARE GUIDED BY • First Amendment to the Constitution • Library Bill of Rights • Information Literacy Standards • Concept of Intellectual Freedom: Individual’s right to seek and receive information from all points of view without restriction • Challengers are guided by • A sincere desire (often) to protect children or improve society • Belief certain materials are offensive ; • Worry that certain ideas will corrupt young minds; • Anxiety to distinguish what is right and moral from what is wrong and immoral. What does the Supreme Court allow to be censored?
Institution being challenged 2000-2005 Challenges by Year
Challenges by type2000-2005 http://www.pabbis.com/
And Tango Makes Three, by Justin Richardson/Peter ParnellReasons: Anti-Ethnic, Sexism, Homosexuality, Anti-Family, Religious Viewpoint, Unsuited to Age Group • The Chocolate War, by Robert CormierReasons: Sexually Explicit, Offensive Language, Violence • Olive’s Ocean, by Kevin HenkesReasons: Sexually Explicit and Offensive Language • The Golden Compass, by Philip PullmanReasons: Religious Viewpoint • The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, by Mark TwainReasons: Racism • The Color Purple, by Alice WalkerReasons: Homosexuality, Sexually Explicit, Offensive Language, • TTYL, by Lauren MyracleReasons: Sexually Explicit, Offensive Language, Unsuited to Age Group • I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings, by Maya AngelouReasons: Sexually Explicit • It’s Perfectly Normal, by Robie HarrisReasons: Sex Education, Sexually Explicit • The Perks of Being A Wallflower, by Stephen ChboskyReasons: Homosexuality, Sexually Explicit, Offensive Language, Unsuited to Age Group • Off the list this year are two books by author Toni Morrison. The Bluest Eye and Beloved, both challenged for sexual content and offensive language. The 10 most challenged books of 2007 reflect a range of themes, and are:
1. Harry Potter series by J.K. Rowling 2. "The Chocolate War" by Robert Cormier 3. Alice series by Phyllis Reynolds Naylor 4. "Of Mice and Men" by John Steinbeck 5. "I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings" by Maya Angelou 6. "Fallen Angels" by Walter Dean Myers 7. "It's Perfectly Normal" by Robie Harris 8. Scary Stories series by Alvin Schwartz 9. Captain Underpants series by DavPilkey 10. "Forever" by Judy Blume Most Challenged Books of 21st Century (2000-2005)