Bonfire of the Libraries. It is not our business to invent stories ourselves but only to be clear as to the main outlines to be followed by the poets in making their stories and the limits beyond which they must not be allowed to go. -Plato, The Republic, ca. 385 B.C.
In 1205 A.D. Saint Dominic, founder of the Dominican Order of Preaching Friars, was sent to Languedoc (now part of France) to convert people to the orthodox faith. Traveling among the Albigensian heretics, he preached, taught, organized disputations, and supervised the burning of heretical books.CENSORSHIP IS AS OLD AS CIVILIZATION
Challenges do not simply involve a person expressing a point of view; rather, they are an attempt to remove material from the curriculum or library, thereby restricting the access of others.
Books usually are challenged with the best intentions—to protect others, frequently children, from difficult ideas and information.
Book Banning: A banning is the removal of those materials.
Censorship: occurs when the “power of the state” removes material from open access. Almost always the motive for challenging or banning a book is cited as protection of childhood innocence or common decency, of law and order, the "one true faith," or a nation's security. But unlike the parent who monitors a child's reading, the censor seeks, through the public forum, to protect all "children," whether or not protection is warranted.Know the difference: one follows the other and it is all CENSORSHIP
What does the Supreme Court allow to be censored?
Challenges by Year
And Tango Makes Three, by Justin Richardson/Peter ParnellReasons: Anti-Ethnic, Sexism, Homosexuality, Anti-Family, Religious Viewpoint, Unsuited to Age Group
2. "The Chocolate War" by Robert Cormier
3. Alice series by Phyllis Reynolds Naylor
4. "Of Mice and Men" by John Steinbeck
5. "I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings" by Maya Angelou
6. "Fallen Angels" by Walter Dean Myers
7. "It's Perfectly Normal" by Robie Harris
8. Scary Stories series by Alvin Schwartz
9. Captain Underpants series by DavPilkey
10. "Forever" by Judy BlumeMost Challenged Books of 21st Century (2000-2005)