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ICT EACO CONFERENCE — Digital Dividend Session Kampala, April 15-19, 2013. MAXIMISING THE OPPORTUNITY OF THE DIGITAL DIVIDEND Development and harmonisation of spectrum policy to achieve broadband connectivity . Wladimir Bocquet Senior Director Global Spectrum Policy GSM Association.

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ict eaco conference digital dividend session kampala april 15 19 2013
ICT EACO CONFERENCE — Digital Dividend Session Kampala, April 15-19, 2013

MAXIMISING THE OPPORTUNITY OF THE DIGITAL DIVIDEND

Development and harmonisation of spectrum policy to achieve broadband connectivity

Wladimir Bocquet

Senior Director

Global Spectrum Policy

GSM Association

about gsma
About GSMA
  • Representing the interests of the worldwide mobile communications industry. Nearly 800 operator members covering over 200 countries.
  • More than 200 associate members from the broader mobile ecosystem, including handset makers, software companies, equipment providers, Internet companies, and media and entertainment organizations.

www.gsma.com

agenda
Agenda
  • International regulatory framework of the Digital Dividend
  • Licensing framework for the Digital Dividend
  • The importance of harmonisation
  • Summary
agenda1
Agenda
  • International regulatory framework of the Digital Dividend
  • Licensing framework for the Digital Dividend
  • The importance of harmonisation
  • Summary
regulatory framework of the digital dividend
Regulatory Framework of the Digital Dividend
  • The spectrum allocation for analogue television
  • In 2006, the Geneva 06 Agreement (GE-06) planned the migration from analogue to digital TV broadcasting for Europe, the Middle East and Africa, with the analogue switch-off (ASO) deadline set for June 2015.
  • This transition will provide:
    • Significant improvement in programme choice and picture quality for viewers
    • An opportunity to use some of the radio spectrum currently used for TV for other purposes, such as expanded mobile broadband service.
  • The Digital Dividend is the amount of spectrum made available by the transition of terrestrial television broadcasting from analogue to digital.

Digital broadcasting

470 MHz

862 MHz

Analogue broadcasting

470 MHz

862 MHz

regulatory framework of the digital dividend1
Regulatory Framework of the Digital Dividend
  • Digital Dividend 1: In 2007, an international decision (ITU treaty – WRC-07) allocated the 790-862MHz band to mobile broadband.
  • Digital Dividend 2: In 2012, as proposed by the African Telecommunication Union (ATU), a second international decision (ITU treaty – WRC-12) allocated the 694-790MHz band to mobile broadband after 2015.
  • After the 2012 decision, the ATU organised a series of regional coordination meetings to re-evaluate the frequency plan adopted in 2006 (GE-06 plan) for terrestrial television broadcasting.
  • In October 2012, the ATU positively concluded that it is feasible to limit broadcasting to 470-694MHz, for four multiplexes with nationwide coverage.

Mobile

Digital broadcasting

790 MHz

470 MHz

862 MHz

Mobile

Mobile

Digital broadcasting

790 MHz

470 MHz

694 MHz

862 MHz

agenda2
Agenda
  • International regulatory framework of the Digital Dividend
  • Licensing framework for the Digital Dividend
  • The importance of harmonisation
  • Summary
licensing framework for the digital dividend supporting mobile broadband
Licensing framework for the Digital DividendSupporting Mobile Broadband

Between 2012 – 2016 in Sub Saharan Africa

Licensing for Mobile BB

  • Mobile Broadband Connections to increase 4 x, reaching 160 million connections
  • Mobile Data Demand per User to increase 6 x, reaching half GB per user per month
  • Mobile Data Traffic (aggregate) to grow an average of 120% per year, from 1.4PB to 36PB per month
  • Direct impact of the licensing framework on mobile broadband applications
  • GSMA has published a report that looks at spectrum licensing best practices in depth
  • http://www.gsma.com/spectrum/licensing-to-support-the-mobile-broadband-revolution-report/
agenda3
Agenda
  • International regulatory framework of the Digital Dividend
  • Licensing framework for the Digital Dividend
  • The importance of harmonisation
  • Summary
maximising economies of scale through harmonisation
Maximising economies of scale through harmonisation

Importance of aligning spectrum rights, and regulatory and technical conditions with the internationally harmonised mobile spectrum bands

  • CHOICE
  • due to competition
  • ROAMING
  • due to harmonised bands
  • Facilitate roaming
  • Enable economies of scale and bring down the cost of mobile devices
  • Respond quickly to market needs and bridge the Digital Divide
  • Help manage cross-border interference
  • AFFORDABILITY
  • due to manufacturing economies
  • SCALE
  • due to billions of subscribers
digital dividend 1 use of the 800mhz band by mobile services
Digital Dividend 1Use of the 800MHz band by mobile services

Harmonised technical conditions of use in the 790-862MHz frequency band for mobile broadband

ITU-R Recommendation M.1036

Maximise the harmonisation in Europe, Middle East and Africa

30 MHz (6 blocks of 5 MHz)

30 MHz (6 blocks of 5 MHz)

Guard

band

Duplex

gap

FDD downlink

FDD uplink

791

832

862

790

821

digital dividend 2 use of the 700mhz band by mobile services
Digital Dividend 2Use of the 700MHz band by mobile services

694/698

790

791

832

862 MHz

821

  • A decision at WRC-12 created the possibility of allocating the 694–790MHz frequency band (aka the 700MHz band) for mobile services.
  • The outcome of the WRC-12 was based on a commitment of most parties to seek harmonisation of that band and the adjacent band(790-862MHz) already allocated to mobile services (and identified for IMT) in Europe, the Middle East and Africa.
  • What should the preferred band plan for the region be?

?

Digital Dividend 1

Digital Dividend 2

situation of the 700mhz band in other regions
Situation of the 700MHz band in other regions

The APT band plan (3GPP Band 28) is a close-to-global ecosystem opportunity

694/698

700 MHz

APT Band Plan

3GPP Band 28

758

803 MHz

703

748

Allow nations to opt for the full bandwidth or restrict to the upper 2x30 MHz or the lower 2x30 MHz to allow for related services in the band and provide overall band plan efficiency

718

803 MHz

748

  • Technical implementation of the terminal will allow using compliant terminal in either full 2x45 MHz or upper or lower 2x30 MHz environments.
  • Large parts of the Asia Pacific region have declared support for that band plan, typically in its full 2x45 MHz.
  • Some of Latin America such as Brazil, Chile, Colombia and recently Mexico have expressed their support.

Upper APT duplexer

Lower APT duplexer

788 MHz

758

703

733

overlap between the 700mhz and 800mhz band plans 790 803 mhz
Overlap between the 700MHz and 800MHz band plans (790-803 MHz)

790

800 MHz

R1 Band Plan

3GPP Band 20

791

832

862 MHz

821

694/698

700 MHz

APT Band Plan

3GPP Band 28

758

803 MHz

703

748

718

803 MHz

748

Upper APT duplexer

Lower APT duplexer

758

788 MHz

703

733

Overlap between the 700 MHz and the 800 MHz band plans

preferred 700 mhz band plan 2x30 mhz based on the lower apt duplexer
Preferred 700 MHz band plan - 2x30 MHz Based on the lower APT duplexer

790

791

832

862 MHz

800 MHz

R1 Band Plan

3GPP Band 20

821

Preferred band plan

2x30 MHz

758

788 MHz

703

733

Alignment of the band plan and the technical conditions to maximise harmonisation

694

791

832

821

862 MHz

758

788 MHz

703

733

Digital Dividend 1

Digital Dividend 2

maximising the benefit of bands below 1ghz to deliver mobile broadband
Maximising the benefit of bands below 1GHz to deliver mobile broadband
  • In summary, there is a unique opportunity to deliver mobile broadband, especially in rural areas.
  • The unique physical characteristic of the bands below 1GHz favour larger coverage.
  • Combination of spectrum bands to deliver mobile broadband
    • Below 1 GHz (interesting for coverage)
    • Complemented for capacity with 1800 MHz, 2.3 GHz and 2.6 GHz

733

758

703

788

791

821

832

862

880

915

925

960 MHz

800 MHz

700 MHz

900 MHz

agenda4
Agenda
  • International regulatory framework of the Digital Dividend
  • Licensing framework for the Digital Dividend
  • The importance of harmonisation
  • Summary
summary licensing framework of the digital dividend
SummaryLicensing framework of the Digital Dividend

Stability of the overall licensing framework facilitates investment

  • Remove service and technology restrictions in existing mobile spectrum usage rights
  • Announce in advance a long-term plan for reform of the spectrum and operating licensing framework

Importance of aligning spectrum rights with the internationally harmonised mobile spectrum bands

  • Facilitate innovation and roaming
  • Enable economies of scale
  • Help manage cross-border interference

733

758

703

788

791

821

832

862

880

915

925

960 MHz

800 MHz

700 MHz

900 MHz

regulatory framework 790 862 mhz
Regulatory Framework - 790-862 MHz

Definition of the Digital Dividend

The planned switchover from analogue to digital TV broadcasting will provide a significant improvement in programme choice and picture quality for viewers. It will also provide the opportunity to release some of the radio spectrum currently used for TV broadcasting for other uses, such as expanding provision of mobile broadband services. The digital dividend is the amount of spectrum made available by the transition of terrestrial television broadcasting from analogue to digital.

Radio RegulationRegion 1

The 470-862MHz band isallocated to broadcasting serviceson a primarybasis

Digital Dividend

790-862 MHz

FIXED

BROADCASTING

MOBILE except aeronautical

mobile 5.316B 5.317A

5.314 5.315 5.316 5.316A 5.319 5.312

List of countries where the 790-862MHz band is allocated to the mobile, except aeronautical mobile,service on a primary basis

List of countries where the 645-862MHz band isalsoallocated to the aeronautical radionavigation service on a primary basis

outcomes of wrc 12 790 862 mhz sharing issues in the 800mhz band were successfully resolved
Outcomes of WRC-12 — 790-862 MHzSharing issues in the 800MHz band were successfully resolved

Compatibility between mobile and broadcasting services

  • Consensus reached on the option associated to “no additional arrangements” (no change in the geographic area of the Geneva 2006 Agreement) to facilitate the deployment of mobile broadband

Compatibility between mobile and ARNS services

  • WRC-12 agreed to keep the regulatory environment under 9.21 but reduce the distance of coordination, method based on signature of bilateral agreement to facilitate the introduction of mobile service in the Digital Dividend when protecting ARNS in neighbouring country
outcomes of the wrc 12 694 790 mhz additional provision of mobile service after wrc 15
Outcomes of the WRC-12 – 694-790 MHz Additional provision of Mobile Service after WRC-15

Extension of Digital Dividend

Radio RegulationRegion 1

The 694-790MHz band is allocated to the mobile, except aeronautical mobile, service after WRC-15subject to the provisions of Resolution COM5/10 (WRC-12). See also Resolution 224 (Rev.WRC-[12]).

  • Footnote in the article 5 making a simple reference to a resolution
  • No country footnote for an additional allocation, no change in the Table

470-790 MHz

BROADCASTING

5.149 5.291A 5.294 MOD 5.296 5.300 5.302 5.304 5.306 5.311A 5.312

ADD 5.3XX

WRC-12 decision on the agenda dedicated to 694-790MHz band

  • Decision in principle because the allocation is made but need to be enforced at the end of WRC-15
  • The lower frequency is to be refined and WRC-15 will have to confirm the decision
  • The technical and regulatory conditions for the allocation to be defined by WRC-15