modal verbs n.
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Modal Verbs. What are modal verbs?. They are: Can Could May Might Must Shall Should Will Would. They are Auxiliary verbs that provide additional and specific meaning to the main verb of the sentence. How do we use modals?. Example: Mary could play the piano. S Subject. V Verb.

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what are modal verbs
What are modal verbs?
  • They are:
    • Can
    • Could
    • May
    • Might
    • Must
    • Shall
    • Should
    • Will
    • Would

They are Auxiliaryverbs that provide additional and specific meaning to the main verb of the sentence

how do we use modals
How do we use modals?

Example: Marycouldplaythe piano






  • He can ski He cans ski or He can skis
  • Wouldyou like to come with me?

Do you would like to come with me?

  • They can’t be serious

They don’t can be serious

There is no “s” in singular

There is no “do / does” in the question

There is no “don’t / doesn’t” in the negative


Modal verbs do not have infinitives or –ing forms

to can / caning to must /musting

She must study

We should have gone the other way

He couldplayfootball in hisyouth (general ability)

Modal verbs are followed by an infinitive withoutto

  • Occurs before the main verb
  • the form is the same for all persons
  • Add NOT to the negative
  • Start the question with the modal
  • No infinitive
what do they express3
What do they express?
  • Ability:
  • can, could
  • Permission:
  • can, could
  • obligation\ advice:
  • must, shall, should
  • Offers:
  • shall, would
  • Possibility:
  • Might, Could, Must

1- Children ________ stay away from fire.

a. Ought to b. must c. would d. mustn’t

2- You _________ talk during tests. It’s forbidden!

a. don’t have to b. mustn’t c. couldn’t d. might

3- They ________ hear him because he was whispering.

a. Wouldn’t b. mustn’t c. shouldn’t d. couldn’t


4- __________ youliketohavedinnerwith me tonight?

a. Could b. may c. should d. would

5- You _________ lethimhearaboutthepartytomorrow. It’s a surprise!

a. mustn’t b. wouldn’t c. couldn’t d. can

6- I think your leg is broken. You ___ go to the emergency room.

a. Might b. could c. must d. can

more practise
More practise
  • Re-write the following sentences using modals so that they have the same meaning.

1- I suggest that you sleep early!

You ___________________________________________

2- Eating is forbidden in class!

You ___________________________________________

3- Look at sky! it’s cloudy.

It ____________________________________________

should sleep early

mustn’t eat in class

might rain

use your imagination
Use your imagination
  • Think about these situations and create a sentence using modals.
  • We are going to Paris for a weekend. (Make suggestions about things to do)
  • We start exams in January . (Talk about necessity)
  • Your friend has got a headache. (Give him some advice)
  • You want to borrow your elder brother’s laptop. (Ask for permission politely)