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Modal Verbs - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Modal Verbs. Modal verbs are not action verbs! Modal verbs show the mood or condition of the action verb. These are the could have, would have, should have verbs. I am going home. I should go home. I must go home. I want to go home. I’m allowed to go home. I can go home.

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modal verbs

Modal Verbs

Modal verbs are not action verbs!

Modal verbs show the mood or condition of the action verb.

slide2
These are the could have, would have, should have verbs.
  • I am going home.
    • I should go home.
    • I must go home.
    • I want to go home.
    • I’m allowed to go home.
    • I can go home.
    • I would like to go home.
slide3
There are 6 modal verbs in German:
  • können – to be able to (can)
  • mögen – to like to (möchten – would like to)
  • wollen – to want to
  • sollen – to supposed to (should)
  • dürfen – to be allowed to (may)
  • müssen – to have to (must)
slide4
These verbs are IRREGULAR in how they are conjugated, but they all follow a similar pattern.

What do you observe?

slide5
In the sentence the modal verb is conjugated and the action verb is in the infinitive form in the last position.
  • Ich gehe nach Hause.
  • Ich will nach Hause gehen.
  • Ich muss nach Hause gehen.
  • Ich mag nach Hause gehen.
slide6
He wants to go home.

Er will nach Hause gehen.

  • They have to go home.

Sie müssen nach Hause gehen.

  • We do not like to go home.

Wir mögen nicht nach Hause gehen.

slide7
There are 2 non-modal verbs that follow a similar conjugation pattern.
  • werden – to become

ich werde, du wirst, er wird

  • wissen – to know
  • ich weiss, du weisst, er weiss
slide8
I am becoming sick.

Ich werde krank.

  • He is getting better.

Er wird besser.

  • They know that.

Sie wissen das.

  • She doesn’t know that.

Sie weiss das nicht.

future tense
Future Tense

To form the future tense in German

you conjugate werden and put the action verb at the end in the infinitive form.

He will go home.

Er wird nach Hause gehen.

(it functions just like the modal verbs.)

slide10
Translate the following sentences:
  • She will go on Thursday.

Sie wird am Donnerstag gehen.

  • I will certainly be there.

Ich werde bestimmt da sein.