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Measuring / Monitoring Progress towards UHC. V R Muraleedharan, IIT Madras 3 October 2014. A Key question in public policy (Development Programme intervention). How well are the benefits of public spending (on health care) distributed across socio-economic groups?

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measuring monitoring progress towards uhc

Measuring /Monitoring Progress towards UHC

V R Muraleedharan, IIT Madras

3 October 2014

a key question in public policy development programme intervention
A Key question in public policy (Development Programme intervention)
  • How well are the benefits of public spending (on health care) distributed across socio-economic groups?
  • Are the poor getting their “fair share” of the benefits of public spending (on health care)?
what to measure
What to measure?

How do we assess the progress of NRHM?

What are its “declared objectives”? :

Provide “accessible, affordable, and quality of care to rural population”.

access utilization
Access? Utilization?
  • Definitions are important (What do we want to measure, observe?)
  • What can be Measured? (proxies)
  • Methods of measurement (Quantitative/Qualitative, surveys, interviews, observational. etc.)
  • Frequency and duration (of observations)
  • Who is observing?
  • Analysis and presentation
  • Evaluation of evaluations (peer-review)
  • Knowledge/Research uptake “strategy”?
  • What to provide? How much?
  • How to provide?
  • For whom?
  • Who decides these questions? And by what process?
  • How do we measure /assess progress with respect to these above questions?
is there an ideal assessment frame work
IS there An Ideal assessment Frame-work?
  • Framework is important
    • Six pillars (health systems functions)
    • Performance Criteria
    • Ref: (Health systems 20/20. 2012. The Health System Assessment Approach: A how-to manual version 2.0 (
key indicators financing www healthsystemassessment org
Key Indicators: Financing(
  • THE as % of GDP
  • Per capital total health expenditure
  • Govt. expd on health as % of THE
  • External resources as % of THE
  • OOPs as % of THE
  • Population coverage of health insurance
  • Multiple/disaggregated indicators should be developed (rural/urban/service oriented, etc)
performance indicators for health financing hsaa 2012
Performance indicators for Health Financing (HSAA, 2012)
  • Equity (OOPs as % of THE; policies for user-fees, informal payment, etc)
  • Efficiency (Process of MoH budget formulation, local level spending and institutional capacity, contracting mechanisms; etc)
  • Access (user fees, informal payment, population coverage of health insurance, etc)
  • Quality (govt. spending as % THE, contracting mechanisms,
  • Sustainability (budget allocations, level of decentralisation, process of budget allocation, etc)
  • Recent PoE/IEG study, NRHM, 2012) covers a range of issues; long way to go as per “Six Pillars/Performance Criteria” framework
key indicators hrh www healthsystemassessment org
Key Indicators: HRH(
  • Current HRH situation
  • Policy and Planning
  • HRH management system
  • Financing of HRH
  • Education and Training
  • Leadership of entire HR
concluding remarks
Concluding remarks

Cadres of researchers

  • Who can do what? (academic/university based; advocacy action research; Think-Tanks (NHSRC, IPH, within Govt Evaluation cells; etc) Short term, medium term, long term research)
  • “Implementers and evaluators” (what do they say?)

Implementation Research:

  • “ Implementation Research” (focus on processes, encourage the open-box approach, rather than outcomes/outputs alone. “Eg: “How do we assess whether an incentive has worked?” Should we merely use the performance and make conclusions?
    • Ssengooba F. et al (2012) “why performance based contracting failed in Uganda? An open box evaluation of a complex health system intervention” social science and medicine 75 (2012)
concluding remarks1
Concluding remarks
  • Building stronger bridges between implementers and evaluators (Mills, et al 2012, Chapter 16)
  • Researchers/Evaluations from Design stage rather than at the final stage of evaluation
  • Insist on Publication of Evaluation Research: Per-reviewed processes are a must….they should be viewed as a part of the democratic process….”in the knowledge creation and knowledge uptake process”…..