History of documented Recording • Turner, W. (1568) A Newe Herbal. • Goodyer, J. (c. 1621-34) manuscripts listed in Gunther (1922) Early British Botanists and their Gardens • Gerrard, J. (1636) The Herbal or General History of Plants. • Parkinson, J. (1640) Theatrum Botanicum. • Culpepper (1652) The English Physician. • Turner, R. (1664) Botanologica. • Merrett, C. (1666) Pinax Rerum Naturalium Britannicum. • Ray, J. (1686 -1704) Historia Plantarum & (1670) Catalogus Florae Anglia.
History of documented Recording cont’d • Camden, W. (Gibson edition 1695) Britannia. (Plants by J.Ray) • Markwick, W. (1802) Plantae Sussexiensis. • Turner & Dillwyn (1805) The Botanists Guide. • Forster, T.F. (1816) Flora Tunbridgensis. • Cooper, T.H. (in Horsfield’s History of Sussex) (1834)Botany of the County of Sussex. (Borrer!!!) • Watson, H.C. (1835) New Botanist’s Guide. • Watson, H.C. (1847-60) Cybele Britannica. • Mitten, W. (c.1850 -60) (in Merrifield, Mrs. (1860) Natural History of Brighton.
History of documented Recording cont’d • Hemsley, W.B. (1860-75) An outline of the Flora of Sussex. • Roper, F.S.C.(1875) Flora of Eastbourne. • Arnold, F.H. (1887) Flora of Sussex. • Arnold, F.H. (1907) Flora of Sussex. (2nd Edition) • Wolley-Dod, A.H. (1937) Flora of Sussex. • Hall, P.C. (1980) Flora of Sussex. • Briggs, M. (1990) Selected Supplement to the Sussex Plant Atlas. • Rich, T.C.G. et.al. (1996) Flora of Ashdown Forest. • Briggs, M. (2001) Sussex Rare Plant Register.
Beginnings of the new Flora • In the summer of 1999, PAH and AGK were busy completing and presenting the work for the BSBI Local Change Project. • I approached Alan with an Idea for a new Flora of the County, as a new project for the SBRS. • We both agreed that it was important to have a focus for the SBRS, but that it might be a little premature, so soon after the LC projects completion, both for the membership, and ourselves.
Beginnings cont’d • We decided that we would begin to record all new incoming data, from January 2000, in a format which would permit us to utilise this information when the project got going. • At the end of 2004, Alan and I agreed that it was now time to move forward with work for the proposed new Flora. • Before taking this proposal to the SBRS Committee, I discussed it with FA & NS.
Beginnings cont’d • The proposal to start full time on a new Flora of the county was put before the SBRS Committee in the spring of 2005, and was approved. • Following this, the Flora working Group was formed, comprising PAH, AGK, MB, FA, NS & AGH, with MMS and DS joining later. • 2005 was the first full season of systematic recording.
Why a new Flora? • It had been 70 plus years since the last full account Flora of Sussex, Woolley-Dod (1937). • It had been 20 years since the publication of the Sussex Plant Atlas, Hall (1980). • I felt that many changes had taken place during those 70 years, warranting a new survey of the county. [These include, transport, farming practices, land use and possible climate changes] • Like it or not, Alien species and introductions are now more widely recognised, and need to be addressed.
What would we like it to contain? • Briefly: • The Flora. • Analysis of changes since 1980. • History of Sussex botany and botanists. • Historical and Hebaria records. • Information on geology and soils. • Changes in land use/ farming practises. • Conservation. • Ecology & Habitats. • Photos.
Probable content. • Introduction. • Contributors. • Acknowledgements. • Definition of the Area. • Ecology and habitats. • Geology and Soils. • Meteorology and climate? • Population/urbanisation/transport etc.? • History of Sussex botany (inc. selected biographies). • Analysis of the changes and trends in the botany.
Probable content cont’d. • Conservation. • Changes in land use and farming. • The Flora survey and methodology. • The Flora – Species accounts. • List of species not seen during survey? • List of red data/schedule 8/Bern Convention species? • Explanation of abbreviations and acronyms. • Data storage/archiving/sharing. • Botanical tour/habitats – photos. • List of recorders
Probable content cont’d. • Gazetteer • Bibliography and References • Index
Other on-going work. Whilst the field work has been being tackled, other work has been going on as well. • Examination of national herbaria. E.g. NMW, BM, OXN, PORTS, H@H,CAMBS, BEX & BTON. • Preparation of draft introductory chapters. • Research into historical publications. • Research into biographies of selected botanists. E.g. W.Borrer, F.H. Arnold, H. Geurmonprez, A.H. Wolley-Dod, P.C.Hall, R.A.Boniface and R.C. Palmer etc. • Major preparation of the existing and historical data. • Nomenclature changes.
Other on-going work cont’d. • Collecting historical data from various sources. • Map Mate editing. • Look for a printer/publisher. • Finance • & much more!!
Thank You Any Questions?