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Greek Society. World History & Geography to 1500. Athenian Society. civilized/diverse in skills and education structured social class system . Athenian Government. -Democracy- government by people or rule of the many. Athenian Government: DIRECT Democracy. Athenian Citizenship.

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greek society

Greek Society

World History & Geography to 1500

athenian society
Athenian Society
  • civilized/diverse in skills and education
  • structured social class system
athenian government
Athenian Government
  • -Democracy- government by people or rule of the many.
  • Athenian Government:DIRECT Democracy
athenian citizenship
Athenian Citizenship

Rights/Duties of Athenian Citizen:

  • make government policy decisions.
  • 3 Requirements: free, male, 18 years
athenian government cont d
Athenian Government (cont’d)
  • 3 Parts to Athenian Government:
    • Assemblyof Demos
    • Council of 500
    • People’s Court
spartan society
Spartan Society
  • Strict, rigid social structure.
  • Little equality among classes
  • Centered around military.
spartan government
Spartan Government
  • -Oligarchy- government controlled by a small, elite group of people.
spartan government cont d
Spartan Government (cont’d.)
  • 3 Parts to Spartan Government:

-Ruled by 2 kings.

-5ephors; responsible for citizen conduct (education and criminal punishment)

-Council of Elders

athens v sparta
Athens v. Sparta
  • Athens v. Sparta- Basic Differences:
    • Few rule versus many rule
    • Inequality versus equality
    • Militaristic versus civil
athens sparta
Athens & Sparta
  • Athens v. Sparta- Basic Similarities:
    • Must be a citizen to hold office.
    • Slaves & foreigners excluded from citizenship
    • Councils used to advise policy
    • Wealth= power
diagram activity key
Diagram Activity Key
  • Athens
    • -Citizens vote and decide on government policy.
    • -People’s court; a jury of the people decides criminal punishments.
    • -Council of 500 sets government policy agenda.
    • -Assembly of Demos used to vote on government policy.
    • -Civil society
    • -Direct democracy
    • -Type of government is similar to U.S. government today.
    • -Slaves treated less harshly.
  • Sparta
    • -5 Ephors govern citizen conduct.
    • -Military education.
    • -2 kings rule and lead the army.
    • -Slaves do all non-military work (i.e. farming)
    • -Ephors decide criminal punishments.
    • -Council of 28 Elders sets government policy agenda.
    • -A few individuals held all power.
    • -Aggressive, military-driven society.
    • -Oligarchy
    • -Strict, rigid social structure.
    • -Slaves treated harshly.
  • Both
  • --Must be a citizen to hold office in government.
  • -Slaves excluded from citizenship.
  • -Councils were used to advise government policy.
  • - foreigners excluded from citizenship
  • -Wealth generally meant power