Modernism, Minimalism, & Surrealism. Movements in Literature and Art. Modernism in Literature. Post WWI, pre WWII Nontraditional syntax and forms Accessible to everyone, not just academics Pessimistic picture of a culture in chaos Question moral and philosophical meanings
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Modernism, Minimalism, & Surrealism Movements in Literature and Art
Modernism in Literature • Post WWI, pre WWII • Nontraditional syntax and forms • Accessible to everyone, not just academics • Pessimistic picture of a culture in chaos • Question moral and philosophical meanings • Recognition of failure of language to fully communicate meaning • References to self and personal thought
Minimalism in Literature • Expresses the essence of a subject • Eliminates all non-essential forms/concepts/ features • Economy with words/ focus on surface description • Allow context to dictate meaning • Readers take role in interpretation of story through hints • “Iceberg Principle” • Unabridged - I yearned for a break, so I stood up and walked over to the coffee machine. Grabbing a cup of coffee, I walked back to my desk, to find out that someone had turned on the fan above my desk. • Minimalist - I took a coffee break. Walking back to my desk, I heard the fan.
Surrealism in Literature • Extreme form of modernism • Post WWI—rejection of rationalism • Unrestricted expression of subconscious • Depicts what should not, or could not, actually exist • Surprising, unexpected imagery
Exquisite Corpse • To play this game, you have two choices. You can either draw or write. • Once you decide on whether you would like to draw or write, you should get in groups of 3-5 people. • Here’s how we do it: • One person starts the poem/drawing with a line, or the beginning of a drawing (at the top of the page). • The next person in the group then looks only at the first line/part of the drawing, and then adds to it. The person then covers up everything that came before what they added, and passes the sheet to the next person. • At the end of the game, you will have a real-life surrealist work, an “exquisite corpse.”