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Circulatory System

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  1. Circulatory System Jeopardy Test Review Game

  2. Which type of blood vessel is only one cell layer thick?

  3. capillary

  4. Which type of blood vessel measures the highest blood pressure?

  5. artery

  6. Which type of blood vessel contains a layer of smooth muscle?

  7. arteries and veins

  8. What type of blood vessel contains valves to prevent blood from flowing backwards?

  9. veins

  10. What type of blood vessel is the aorta?

  11. artery

  12. Name the three types of circulation.

  13. coronary, pulmonary, and systemic

  14. What type of circulation carries blood to the lungs?

  15. pulmonary circulation

  16. What type of circulation covers the largest area?

  17. systemic circulation

  18. What is the general pathway of blood’s circulation?

  19. heart→lungs→heart→body

  20. Coronary circulation provides blood flow to the __________.

  21. heart

  22. Name the four chambers of the heart.

  23. right atrium, right ventricle, left atrium, and left ventricle

  24. Which side of the heart contains deoxygenated blood?

  25. right side

  26. Why is the left ventricle larger than the right ventricle?

  27. The left ventricle is larger because it has to pump blood all over the body. (The right ventricle pumps blood to the lungs.)

  28. What part of the heart separates the right ventricle from the left ventricle?

  29. septum

  30. A(n) _____ carries blood away from the heart, and a(n) _____ carries blood to the heart.

  31. An artery carries blood away from the heart, and a vein carries blood to the heart.

  32. What is blood pressure?

  33. Blood pressure measures the force of blood on the artery walls.

  34. What does the systolic number measure?

  35. ventricular contraction

  36. What does the diastolic number measure?

  37. ventricular relaxation

  38. What is a sphygmomanometer?

  39. A sphygmomanometer is the instrument used to measure blood pressure.

  40. What is the scientific term for high blood pressure?

  41. hypertension

  42. What does cardiovascular disease affect first?

  43. heart and blood vessels

  44. What is atherosclerosis?

  45. Atherosclerosis is commonly called “hardening of the arteries.” It occurs when plaque builds up in the arteries and restricts blood flow.

  46. Name three things you can do to help prevent cardiovascular disease.

  47. eat healthy, exercise regularly, and do not smoke

  48. What numbers indicate a healthy (or average) blood pressure reading?

  49. 120/80