Meteorological climatological and geophysical agency INDONESIA Geneva, Switzerland , April 2013 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Meteorological climatological and geophysical agency INDONESIA Geneva, Switzerland , April 2013
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Meteorological climatological and geophysical agency INDONESIA Geneva, Switzerland , April 2013

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  1. CAP in BMKG Planning and its Implementation By Karyono and Zainal Abidin Meteorological climatological and geophysical agency INDONESIA Geneva, Switzerland , April 2013

  2. OUTLINE • INTRODUCTION • BMKG DUTIES AND FUNCTIONS • CAP IMPLEMENTATION PLANNING IN GEOPHYSIC • CAP IMPELENTATION PLANNING IN METEOROLOGY

  3. INTRODUCTION • BMKG (Meteorological climatological and geophysical agency) • The one official institution for Meteorological Climatological and Geophysical in Indonesia since 1947 • Joint to WMO at 1950 • With 3000 employee

  4. BMKG DUTIES AND FUNCTIONS • The implementation, monitoring and control of observations, and processing of data and information in the area of meteorology, climatology, and geophysics • Data and information services in the area of meteorology, climatology, and geophysics

  5. BMKG DUTIES AND FUNCTIONS CONT. • The transmission of information to agencies and stakeholders and the public about climate change • The transmission of information and early warnings to the government and the public about natural disasters caused by meteorological, climatological, and geophysical factors • The promotion of international cooperation in the areas of meteorology climatology and geophysics

  6. CAP IMPLEMENTATION PLANNING IN GEOPHYSIC • InaTEWS (INDONESIA TSUNAMI EARLY WARNING SYSTEM • CAP IMPLEMENTATION AND PLANNING FOR INATEWS

  7. InaTEWS INDONESIA TSUNAMI EARLY WARNING SYSTEM

  8. InaTEWS INTRODUCTION • Indonesia is prone to earthquakes because it is located at the meeting point of three tectonic plates, namely: Indo-Australian Plate, the Eurasian plate and the Pacific plate. • The meeting point of three tectonic plates are located on the sea so that when a large earthquake occurs at shallow depths, it can be potentially tsunami. Therefore, Indonesia is prone to tsunamis

  9. InaTEWS INTRODUCTION cont. • Learning from the experience of the earthquake and tsunami in Aceh, Mentawai and other areas that cause casualties and property losses, therefore it is needed preparedness efforts by both government and the community to reduce the risk due to earthquake and tsunami. • As the tsunami hazard preparedness efforts, the government of Indonesia in cooperation with various parties established the Indonesian Tsunami Early Warning System

  10. SEISMICITY OF INDONESIA PACIFIC PLATE. EURASIAN PLATE INDO AUSTRALIAN PLATE

  11. TSUNAMI PRONE AREAS IN INDONESIA 11

  12. InaTEWS INTRODUCTION cont. • InaTEWS stand for Indonesia Tsunami Early Warning System • Formally launched at November, 11th 2008 • InaTEWS produces Earthquake Informations and Tsunami Warnings • InaTEWS should disseminate Tsunami Warning within 5 minutes after earthquake

  13. DATA AND INFORMATION FLOW of InaTEWS 1 23 160 2 1 2 2 500 1 1 80 1 40 2 2 BUOY SEISMO ACCELERO TIDE GAUGES GPS COMM: IMARSAT VSAT VSAT GSM (?) VSAT VSAT (?) BPPT NC–Buoys BMKG NC – SEISMIC NC – ACCELERO BAKOSURTANAL NC – Tide Gauges NC – GPS NC: National Centre UP STREAM DSS NC – InaTEWS (BMKG) Dissemination System Tsunami Data Base DOWN STREAM • INSTITUTIONS INTERFACE : • BNPB • MINISTRY OF HOME AFFAIRS • NATIONAL POLICE • MILITARY • MINISTRY OF COMMUNICATION AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY • LOCAL GOVERNMENT • REGENCY LOCAL GOVERNMENT ELECTRONIC MEDIA GSM PROVIDER INTERNET PROVIDER LOC.GOV PROV. GOV DISTRIC GOV CITY GOV TV, RADIO, MEDIA ON LINE USER CELLPHONE SOCIAL COMMUNITY NETWORK Sirens DISSEMINATION FACILITIES COMMUNITY AT RISK

  14. INATEWS PRODUCTS • Earthquake informations: • Magnitude • Date • Origin Time • Latitude • longitude • Depth • Location • Remark • Shake map • Source mechanism

  15. INATEWS PRODUCTS • Tsunami Warning: • Warning segment (district level) • Warning status (threat Level) • Estimation Wave Height (from modeling) • Estimation Time of Arrival (from modeling) • Observation Data • End of Threats

  16. TIMELINE ISSUE OF TSUNAMI WARNING

  17. DISSEMINATION SYSTEMS DISSEMINATION REQUIRENMENTS • The Warning should be received by end user • Use more than one communications system • Use more than one “path” communications • Regular test of the communications system • Facilities should be designed for multi purposes

  18. MULTIMODE COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS • SMS (thousands users) • Internet (email, website, social network) • Satellite Broadcast (DVB) • VSAT IP • Facsimile (hundreds) • Television, Radio and media on line (16 stastions) • Sirens • Warning Receiver System (WRS) (209 client) • CAP: Google public alert, national agency for disaster management, etc

  19. Example Message of SMS Warning 1 Warning Tsunami in BENGKULU,LAMPUNG,NAD,SUMBAR,SUMUT, EQ Mag:8.8, 11-Apr-12 10:43:06 UTC, Loc:0.78N,92.15E,Dep:10Km::BMKG Warning 2 Updating Warning Tsunami in NAD,SUMUT,SUMBAR,BENGKULU,LAMPUNG, EQ Mag:8.1, 11-Apr-12 10:43:11 UTC, Loc:0.82N,92.42E,Dep:24Km::BMKG

  20. EXAMPLE MESSAGES OF EMAIL, FAX AND GTS ::::BMKG:::::::::::::BMKG::::::::::::::::BMKG:::::::::::::::BMKG::::::::::::::::BMKG:::: Indonesian Tsunami Early Warning System (InaTEWS) METEOROLOGICAL CLIMATOLOGICAL AND GEOPHYSICAL AGENCY Address:Jl. Angkasa I no.2 Kemayoran, Jakarta, Indonesia, 10720 Telp.: (+62-21) 4246321/6546316 , Fax: (+62-21) 6546316/4246703 P.O. Box 3540 Jkt, Website : http://www.bmkg.go.id ======================================================================================== Issued date : 11 April 2012, 17:47:57 WIB (UTC=WIB-7) Bulletin-1 No.:110/warning/InaTEWS/IV/2012 AN EARTHQUAKE HAS OCCURRED WITH THESE PRELIMINARY PARAMETERS: Magnitude : 8.8 RS Date : 11-Apr-2012 Origin Time: 10:43:06 UTC Latitude : 0.78 N Longitude : 92.15 E Depth : 10 Km Location : Off West Coast of Northern Sumatra Remarks : 577 km SOUTHWEST of Meulaboh 633 km SOUTHWEST of Banda Aceh 660 km SOUTHWEST of Sigli 665 km SOUTHWEST of Sabang 702 km SOUTHWEST of Bireun HEADER CONTENT

  21. Evaluation: THERE IS THE POSSIBILITY OF A TSUNAMI IN THE FOLLOWING AREAS: ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Province Location Warning Level ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- BENGKULU Bengkulu-Utara Pulau Enggano MAJOR WARNING LAMPUNG Lampung-Barat Pesisir-Selatan MAJOR WARNING LAMPUNG Lampung-Barat Pesisir-Tengah MAJOR WARNING NAD Aceh-Barat MAJOR WARNING NAD Aceh-Barat-Daya MAJOR WARNING SUMBAR Kepulauan-Mentawai Kep. Pagai MAJOR WARNING SUMBAR Kepulauan-Mentawai P. Siberut MAJOR WARNING SUMUT Mandailing-Natal Bagian Utara MAJOR WARNING SUMUT Nias Bagian Barat MAJOR WARNING BANTEN Lebak WARNING BANTEN Pandeglang Bagian Selatan WARNING BANTEN Pandeglang Pulau Panaitan WARNING BENGKULU Bengkulu-Selatan WARNING BENGKULU Bengkulu-Utara Bagian Selatan WARNING JABAR Sukabumi Pelabuhan-Ratu WARNING JABAR Sukabumi Ujung-Genteng WARNING LAMPUNG Lampung-Selatan Bagian Barat WARNING LAMPUNG Tanggamus Bagian Barat WARNING NAD Aceh-Singkil WARNING NAD Aceh-Timur WARNING NAD Aceh-Utara Bagian Barat WARNING NAD Pidie WARNING LAMPUNG Lampung-Selatan Kep. Krakatau ADVISORY LAMPUNG Lampung-Selatan Kep. Sebuku ADVISORY ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Advice: Province/District/City governments that are at "Major Warning" level are expected to pay attention to this warning and immediately guide their communities for full evacuation. Province/District/City governments that are at "Warning" level are expected to pay attention to this warning and immediately guide their communities for evacuation. Province/District/City governments that are at "Advisory" level are expected to pay attention to this warning and immediately guide their communities to move away from the beach and river banks. ::::BMKG:::::::::::::BMKG::::::::::::::::BMKG:::::::::::::::BMKG::::::::::::::::BMKG:::: Warning REMARK

  22. Example Messages of WRS Warning 1 Warning 2

  23. CAP IMPLEMENTATION AND PLANNING FOR INATEWS • EARTHQUAKE CAP real time earthquake cap contain: eq ot, lat,lon, mag, depth, intensity map, pga,pgv, area • TSUNAMI CAP real time tsunami cap: eq param, warning area, geo code, eta, ewh

  24. InaTEWS EARTHQUAKE CAP • Status :ready to use • CAP url : http://inatews.bmkg.go.id/rss/capatomlast40event.xml • Example attached (APENDIX_example_InaTEWS_cap_earthquake.xml)

  25. Earthquake Cap Design • Cap inside atom feed • Consist last 40 earthquake events • CAP tag: identifier,sender,sent,status,msgType,scope,incident,info • Tag info:language, category,event,urgency,severity,certainty, onset ,expires, headline, description,

  26. Earthquake Cap Design cont. • Instruction, web, contact • Parameter: Eventid,magnitude,depth, • Resource: warning segment map,shakemap, peak ground acceleration, peak ground velocity, • Area :five closest area from hypocenter

  27. Print screen Cap validator

  28. InaTEWS TSUNAMI CAP • Status on going development • Example attached (APENDIX_example_InaTEWS_cap_tsunami.xml )

  29. CAP IMPELENTATION PLANNING IN METEOROLOGY • Indonesia Meteorology Early Warning System • Possible Weather Products forCAP Implementation

  30. Indonesia Meteorology Early Warning System EXISTING EQUIPMENTS & COMMUNICATIONS NEW EQUIPMENTS & COMMUNICATIONS MANUAL OBS. VOS UPPER AIR OBS. AWS / ARG SERVER CONVERTER ARG MESSAGE SWITCHING SYSTEM AWS Lightning Detector RADAR SERVER COLLECTION SYSTEM RADAR MESONET AWS SATELLITE SERVER HPC SATELLITE AWOS CMSS FORECASTING & DISSEMINATION DATABASE • NWP MODEL : • Atmospheric Model • Climate Model • Sea state Model • Environmental Model WIND PROFILER MANUAL OBS. USERS VOS UPPER AIR OBS. AWS

  31. Possible Weather Products forCAP Implementation • Daily forecast and warning (based on districts in 33 Provinces) • Extreme weather warning • Tropical Cyclone warning • Weekly weather outlook • Wave forecast and high seas warning (based on waters region) • Forest Fire Warning

  32. Suggestions In order to get easier for CAP implementation: • Request/encourage WMO to provide CAP standard templates, as a guide for members countries for implementing the CAP • Request to WMO to provide the CAP data exchange mechanism among WMO and members countries

  33. THANK YOU METEOROLOGICAL CLIMATOLOGICAL AND GEOPHISICAL AGENCY (BMKG) Jl. Angkasa I nO 2 kemayoran, jakarta