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Pre-Columbian Civilizations In the Americas PowerPoint Presentation
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Pre-Columbian Civilizations In the Americas

Pre-Columbian Civilizations In the Americas

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Pre-Columbian Civilizations In the Americas

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  1. Pre-Columbian Civilizations In the Americas

  2. Plains

  3. Date of Height: N/A Location: Central North America Important City: None -Between 10,000 and 8,000 BCE , peoples from Asia arrived in North America by a land bridge -Many different Native American peoples in North America -Plains Indians tribes: Sioux, Cheyenne, Crow, Blackfoot, Pawnee, Cree, and others -Plains Indians lived in teepees and hunted buffalo -Used all parts of buffalo for food, clothing, tools and shelter

  4. Early Human Migrations

  5. Major Pre-Columbian Civilizations Mesoamerica: Mexico and Central America that was civilized before the Spanish arrived

  6. The Mayans Date of Height: 300 – 900 AD

  7. Lands of the Mayans The Yucatan Peninsula

  8. Main city: Tikal

  9. Overview of Tikal (Guatemala) Temple of the Masks

  10. Tikal Jungle View at Sunset

  11. Tikal - Main Court

  12. Tikal: Temple of the Masks

  13. Tikal - Wall Mask of the Rain God

  14. Chichen Itza - Pyramid

  15. Chichen Itza - Observatory

  16. Chichen Itza - Ball Court

  17. -Mayan civilization was highly sophisticated and advanced -discovered concept of zero and 365-day calendar -at the center of each city was a great pyramid temple -rulers of city-states claimed to be descended from gods -unique writing system using hieroglyphics -Spanish conquistadors and priests burned most Maya books

  18. Mayan Cultivation of Maize Chac, God of Rain -->

  19. Mayan Underground Granaries: Chultunes

  20. Mayan Glyphs sky king house child city Mayan Mathematics

  21. Mayan Glyphs

  22. Mayan Drinking Cup for Chocolate

  23. Pakal: The Maya Astronaut

  24. The Aztecs Date of height: 1200 – 1500 AD

  25. Lands of the Aztecs (central Mesoamerica)

  26. -The Aztec people built the city of Tenochtitlan on an island in the middle of Lake Texcoco -Aztec empire resembled Mayan empire with great pyramids and ball courts

  27. Aztec View of Tenochtitlan

  28. Ruins of the City Center, Tenochtitlan

  29. The Codex Mendoza :The FoundingofTenochtitlan

  30. Tenochtitlan: The “Venice” of the Americas

  31. Aztec Chinampa or Floating Garden:15ft. to 30ft. wide

  32. Tenochtitlan - Chinampas

  33. Aztec Writing Aztec Math

  34. Aztec Sun Stone -- Calendar

  35. Aztec Sun Motifs

  36. Aztec Codex(15c Manuscript)

  37. The Aztecs WereFierce Warriors

  38. -Aztecs practiced human sacrifices in order to stop the gods from destroying the world

  39. Aztecs Sacrifice Neighboring Tribes to the Sun God

  40. Heart Sacrificeon an Aztec Temple Pyramid

  41. Wall of Skulls, Tenochtitlan

  42. Sacrificial Statue, Tenochtitlan

  43. Aztec Gold

  44. -The Aztecs were at their height under Montezuma before the Spanish arrived -The Aztecs welcomed the Spanish because they believed the cross was a sign that Quetzalcoatl was returning

  45. Quetzalcoatl:The God of Wisdom & Learning

  46. -Diseases like smallpox killed most of the population

  47. The Incas Date of height: 1400 – 1550 AD

  48. Lands of the Incas (West coast of South America, Andes Mountains)

  49. Machu Picchu

  50. Machu Picchu