Why the Czech Republic? Brian Toni • Grandma DeCanio (Kubica) is from the Czech Republic • Grew up on dishes like Chicken Paprikash, goulash, and Kolaches! • Is ¼ Czech • Is 1/4 percent Czech • Maiden name was Jirinec • Was interested in the Czech Republic because of my family history.
In the Czech Republic The population speaks? • Czech is a West Slavic language. • It is spoken by 96% of the population • Inflection determines the meaning of words (12)
Religion in the Czech Republic Prior to 863 A.D. the region of the Czech Republic was Pagan After 863 A.D. the predominant religion became Christianity During the Communist rule religion was outlawed, and as a result much of the population still consider themselves atheist. (3) Atheist=39.8% Roman Catholic=39.2% Protestant=7.6% Undecided=13.4% (3)
Religion Continued • With much of the population being Catholic traditional religious celebrations include: • Christmas • Easter • Lent Food items are what we as Americans normally see during the holidays. Lent is often associated with not eating meat on Fridays for the duration of the holiday.
Health conditions of the Czech Republic • Life expectancy of Czech males is 75 year (4) • For Czech women life expectancy is 81 years (4) • Death from coronary heart disease are 33.6% (4) • Death from diabetes are 2.3% (4) • Obesity prevalence among the population 18 and older is 18.4% (5)
Health and Nutrition • Cardiovascular disease is very high among the Czech Republic. (13) • As health professionals we must be aware of this issue and suggest variations to the current diet of the Czech Republic • Modifying the use of lards, butter, and cream may be one suggestion.
Czech Republic Cuisine • Traditionally the people of the Czech Republic make use of creams, lard, and butter in their dishes. (6) • The main dish will have a generous portion of protein • Soups are very popular among the Czech Republic • Dumplings are a staple of the diet, which originated from the ruling Habsburg family who called the dumplings “Halusky” (2)
Caraway Seeds • Caraway could well be one of the most common Czech spices. It’s used in breads, to flavor boiled potatoes, and there is even a caraway soup (kmínová polévka) (10) • Caraway seeds are part of what family? • PARSLEY! Which also includes: fennel, dill, anise • Caraway has anti-oxidants such as lutein. • It is also an excellent source of minerals such as; iron, calcium, selenium, zinc, and magnesium. (11)
Caraway seeds • Caraway has a distinct savory flavor. • Used most commonly in Rye bread • Also in soups and GOULASH • Origination is widely unknown because it has appeared in Greece, Latin countries, and Arabic countries
Beef Goulash • Beef Goulash is also a very popular dish in the Czech Republic • When the Hungarians took over the Great Moravian Empire they brought with them their own cuisine, including goulash (1) • The recipe dates back to approximately 896 A.D. when Hungarian herdsmen would try to find better pasture for their animals. They would build a big fire and slaughter the weaker animals for a meal.
Beef Goulash • The Czech’s version is much meatier than the Hungarian goulash, and is also sometimes made with beer! • It is often served with dumplings
Beef Goulash Recipe • 1 tablespoon vegetable oil • 1 lb stew beef or boneless bottom round steaks, cut in 1-inch cubes • Kosher salt, to taste • 1/4 teaspoon black pepper • 1 large onion, chopped • 1 red bell pepper, chopped • 1/4 cup all-purpose flour + more for dredging • 2 garlic cloves, minced • 3 tablespoons paprika • 1 teaspoon caraway seeds • 4-5 small new potatoes, cut in 1/2-inch rounds • 2 2/3 cups beef broth • 1 ½ cups low-sodium chicken stock or water • 1 cup tomato puree • sour cream (for garnish)
Beef Goulash The taste of this goulash is savory, however, with the added sour cream it balances the sweet and salty flavors together just right. It has the appearance of a stew with a little more broth than a typical stew. To cook this recipe we used a crock pot, but it can also be slowly cooked in a pot on the stove top.
Gluten Free Goulash • 1 tablespoon light flavored olive oil • 1 lb stew beef • Kosher salt • ¼ teaspoon black pepper • 1 large onion chopped • 1 red bell pepper chopped • ¼ cup almond flour • 2 garlic cloves • 3 tablespoons paprika • 1 teaspoon caraway seeds • 2-3 sweet potatoes (white) • 2 2/3 cups low sodium beef broth (GF) • 1 ½ cups low sodium chicken stock (GF) • 1 cup tomato puree • Greek yogurt (unflavored) (GF)
Nutrient Profile • Calories: Original= 356, Healthy = 370 (almond flour is more caloric than white flour) • Protein: O = 27. 6 grams; H = 29.9 grams • Total Fat: O= 11.8; H = 13.5 (almond flour has more fat than white flour but it’s healthy fat!) • Saturated Fat: O = 3.5 grams; H= 2.8 grams • Mono Fat: 4.3 grams for both • Poly Fat:O = 1.4; H =1.0 • Cholesterol: O = 66 mg; H = 60 mg • Vit A: O = 176 mcg; H = 301 mcg • Thiamin: O = 0.22 mg; H = 0.08 mg • Niacin: 6.9 mg; H = 7.2 mg
Nutrient Profile • Vit B6: O = 0.74 mg; H= 0.48 mg • Vit B12: O = 1.27 mcg; H = 1.36 mcg • Vit C: O = 59.53 mg; H = 21.31 mg • Vit D: O = 0.04 mcg; H = 0.00 mcg • Vit E: O = 3.21 mg; H = 3.13 mg • Folate: O = 56.4 mcg; H = 23.1 mcg • Calcium: O = 62.34 mg; H = 88.03 mg • Iron: O = 6.1 mg; H = 6.0 mg • Sodium: O = 1492 mg; H = 1004 mg
Counseling tips Due to the fact that the Czech Republic is predominantly atheist and Catholic the eating habits and cultural beliefs are similar to that of an American. One thing to keep in mind is the prevalence of Cardiovascular Disease in the Czech Republic. Offering low sodium options would be a better choice. Having a Czech cookbook would be beneficial for suggestions and modifications of cultural cuisine.
Counseling tips • Be patient during the interview, the language barrier can be difficult for the Czech client. • For diet recommendations we would suggest a well balanced diet. The Czech population eats a lot of meat. We would suggest an increase in fresh fruits and vegetables and slightly decreasing the protein intake.
References • 1. Urpecz, Suzanne. (May 15, 2009). All about goulash. Retrieved July 5, 2013 from http://thehungariangirl.com//2009/05/15/all-about-goulash/ • 2. Kezele, Dalibor. n.d. Czech Republic, Retrieved July 5, 2013 from http://www.podravka.com/company/markets/czech-republic/tab-czech-cuisine • 3. Embassy of the Czech Republic in the Hague. n.d. Religion. Retrieved July 7. 2013 from http://www.mzv.cz/hague/en/general_information_on_the_czech/religion/ • 4. WHO. 2010 Statistics for Czech Republic. Retrieved July 8, 2013 from http://www.who.int/countries/cze/en/ • 5. European Commission. (Nov. 2011) Overweight and Obesity - BMI Statistics. Retrieved July 8, 1013 from http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/statistics_explained/index.php/Overweight_and_obesity_-_BMI_statistics • 6. National Geographic Travel. n.d. Prague recipes. Retrieved July 5, 2013 from http://travel.nationalgeographic.com/travel/city-guides/prague-recipes/
References • 7. Trnka, Peter. (2001.) The Best of Czech Cooking. New York: Hippocrine. • 8. Armida Cooks. (Sept. 29, 2007) Czech Beef Goulash. Retrieved July 3, 2013 from http://www.armidacooks.com/2007/09/czech-beef-goulash.html • 9. Marie Jakubikova, Marcela Dofkova and Jiri Ruprich (2011). Fruit and vegetable intake in the Czech child population. Public Health Nutrition, 14, pp 1047-1054. doi:10.1017/S1368980010003551. • 10. Scott, Ryan. (2012) Czech Herbs, Spices and Condiments. Retrieved July 7, 2013 from • http://www.expats.cz/prague/article/czech-cooking/deciphering-czech-herbs-spices-and-condiments/ • 11. Umapathi, Mangajji. Caraway Seed Nutrition Facts. Retrieved July 7, 2013 from • http://www.nutrition-and-you.com/caraway-seed.html • 12. Ministry of Foreign Affairs. (2010) Czech Language. Retrieved July 7, 2013 fromhttp://www.czech.cz/en/Education/Czech/General-information/Czech-language • 13. Cifkova, Renata. Arterial hypertension as a public health issue in the Czech Republic. Blood Pressure. 2005:14 (Suppl 2) 25-28