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Cynthia Balderas, Elizabeth Castillo, Juan Garcia, Daniela Guardiola. Assistive Technology. Assistive Technology.

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Assistive technology

Cynthia Balderas, Elizabeth Castillo, Juan Garcia, Daniela Guardiola

Assistive Technology

Assistive technology1
Assistive Technology Daniela Guardiola

“Any item, piece of equipment, or product system, whether acquired commercially off the shelf, modified, or customized, that is used to increase, maintain, or improve functional capabilities of a child with a disability.”

(20 U.S.C., 1401, Section 601[1])

What is it
What is it? Daniela Guardiola

  • “Assistive technology (AT) refers to a wide range of devices, services,  strategies,  and  practices  that  are  developed  and  used  to  assist individuals with disabilities to deal with  their problems (Cook & Hussey,  2002).”

  • They increase, maintain, or improve the functional capabilities of children with disabilities.

Some definitions
Some definitions… Daniela Guardiola

  • Low-tech assistive devices

    • Low cost

      • Ex: Adapted eating utensils, picture communication books, clip boards for holding papers steady

  • High-tech assistive devices

    • Higher cost

      • Ex: Computerized synthetic speech devices, electronic switches that can be activated by eye movements

Examples of at
Examples of AT Daniela Guardiola

Examples of at1
Examples of AT Daniela Guardiola

Examples of at2
Examples of AT Daniela Guardiola

Examples of at3
Examples of AT Daniela Guardiola

Examples of at4
Examples of AT Daniela Guardiola

Laws and historical background
Laws and Historical Background Daniela Guardiola

Special Needs Students

Regular Education Students

The education for all handicapped children act of 1975
The Education for All Handicapped Children Act of 1975 Daniela Guardiola

  • To assure that all children with disabilities receive a free appropriate public education

  • To protect the rights of children with disabilities and their parents

The education for all handicapped children act of 19751

To help state and local education agencies provide for the education of all children with disabilities

To assess and assure the effectiveness of efforts to educate all children with disabilities

The Education for All Handicapped Children Act of 1975

Individuals with disabilities education act of 1990

Every student is entitles to a free and appropriate public education

Individuals with Disabilities Education Act of 1990

  • They should be educated in the least restrictive environment

Photo of graphic courtesy William Bronston, M.D

Individuals with disabilities education improvement act of 2004
Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act of 2004

“The Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act of 2004 will help children learn better by promoting accountability for results, enhancing parent involvement, using proven practices and materials, providing more flexibility, and reducing paperwork burdens for teachers, states and local school districts.”

--- President George W. Bush

No child left behind act of 2001
No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 2004

“ NCLB has increased the expectations for some students with mild disabilities and some of them have measured up.”

--Special Education Director

“It is critical that students with disabilities remain included in the accountability system to ensure that they are receiving the same high quality education as their non-disabled peers.”

--Special Education Director

Assistive technology act of 2004
Assistive Technology Act of 2004 2004

Ensures continued funding for assistive technology

Provides assistive technology to persons with disabilities, so they can more fully participate in education, employment, and daily activities

Impact on education past to present
Impact on Education 2004Past to Present


Students with special needs are entitles to a free education in the least restrictive environment with an IEP that might include assistive technology



Students with special need went to school but many were not given the individual instruction or assistive technology needed.


The idea of integration into a least restrictive environment developed and was guaranteed by IDEA in 1990


Students with special needs were institutionalized or sayed home.

Eligibility requirements
Eligibility Requirements 2004

A student must be identified with a disability first before they are eligible for assistive technology

IEP team must then evaluate the child first to see if assistive technology would improve the functional capabilities of the child with disability

In our district we call the IEP team the Admissions Review and Dismissal committee

Then it is up to the Admissions Review and Dismissal committee then must state what assistive technology the student needs in the students IEP.

The ARD committee then reviews the IEP for the next school year and can make whatever changes they deem necessary.

The ARD committee is made up of classroom teacher, special Ed. teacher, diagnostician, principal and parent.

Eligibility requirements summary
Eligibility Requirements Summary 2004

Children who have been Identified with a disability

Individualized Education Program (IEP) Team decides whether a student is in need of assistive technology

IEP Team consists of the classroom teacher, special Ed. teacher, Diagnostician, parent and principal

Teacher must follow IEP

Roles of the school district
Roles of the School District 2004

Evaluates the needs of the child with a disability

Purchases the device the child is going to use

Provides training for child and parents on how to use the device

Provides training for the teachers working with the child

Roles of the teacher
Roles of the Teacher 2004

Follows the IEP of the student

Makes sure there is proper use of the assistive technology device

Addresses the needs of the student

Has proper training on the device the student is using

Role of the mtt
Role of the MTT 2004

The role of the MTT is to ensure all students are finding success using technology therefore it is important to provide the technology resources for students with disabilities to enable them to learn more productively.

Steps to take to use new technology with exceptional children
Steps To Take To Use New Technology with Exceptional Children

  • Assess the learning situation

  • Identify specific needs

  • Identify specific subject areas

  • Identify specific skill to target and level of instruction

  • Select software appropriate for identified needs

  • Select hardware and peripherals for identified needs

Mtt resources
MTT Resources Children

Progress Report on the Texas Long-Range Plan for Technology (Select Technology Applications.)


Conclusion Children

“For most people technology makes things easier. For persons with disabilities, technology makes things possible.” Fleming, 1999

Lisa s resources
Lisa’s Resources Children

Slides 21- 26 (Lisa Castillo)

Texas Education Agency Master Technology Teacher Retrieved from

  • Fleming, A. (1999). Assistive Technology and Learning Disabilities.

    Retrieved from Education Resources Information Center. (ED434473)






Slides 1 Children-9 (Daniela Guardiola)

Chmiliar, L. & Cheung, B. (2007). Assistive technology for teachers-Innovation and accessibility online. Developmental Disabilities Bulletin, 35(1&2), 18-28.

Heward, W., (2003). 466, Physical Disabilities, Health Impairments, and Traumatic Brain Injury. In Sharp, A.P. (Ed.), Exceptional Children: An Introduction to Special Education 7th Edition (pp. 438-479). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Merrill Prentice Hall.

Howe, Abe. (n.d.) Assistive Technology. Retrieved July 19, 2009, from

Kelker, K.A., Holt, R., Moses, K., (1997). Family guide to assistive technology. Retreived July 19, 2009 from


Assistive technology

References Children

  • Slides 10-17 (Cynthia Balderas)

    • Cole, Cassandra. (Fall 2006). Center for Evaluation and Education Policy. Retrieved July 18, 2009, from

    • Relton, Joy. (January 2005). Policy Issues. Retrieved July 19, 2009, from

    • Individuals with Disabilities Act of 2004 (n.d). In Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Retrieved July 19, 2004, from

    • Parallels in Time II.(2006) The Minnesota Governor's Councils on Developmental Disabilities.Retrieved July 19, 2004, from

References Children

Slides 18-21 (Juan Garcia)


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Pictures Used Children

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