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Medieval Architecture. Romanesque and Gothic. Romanesque. First pan-European style of architecture since Imperial Rome. Starts between 6 th and 10 th centuries and ends in the 12 th century. Romanesque (Cont.). Characteristics: Thick Walls Symmetry Large Towers Round Arches

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medieval architecture

Medieval Architecture

Romanesque and Gothic

romanesque
Romanesque
  • First pan-European style of architecture since Imperial Rome.
  • Starts between 6th and 10th centuries and ends in the 12th century.
romanesque cont
Romanesque (Cont.)
  • Characteristics:
    • Thick Walls
    • Symmetry
    • Large Towers
    • Round Arches
    • Semicircular Protrusions
    • Groin Vaults
gothic style
Gothic Style
  • Flourished from 12th century - 16th century
  • Originated by the French
  • Much more complex
    • Less symmetry
    • Higher structures
    • Bigger windows
    • Higher Spires
characteristics
Characteristics
  • High Pointed Vaults
  • Multiple Smaller Towers
  • Notice the skeleton-like structure

Flying Butrusses

  • Pointed Arches
flying buttresses
Flying Buttresses
  • Allowed builders to make higher, thinner walls while maintaining support.
gargoyles
Gargoyles
  • Warded off evil spirits
  • Some people believed they came alive at night
notre dame cathedral 1345 c e paris france
Notre Dame Cathedral – 1345 C.E. Paris, France
  • Construction lasts from 1163 – 1345 C.E.
  • The Symbol of Paris long before the Eiffel Tower
  • High point of Gothic Architecture
chartres cathedral 1260 chartres france
Chartres Cathedral – 1260 Chartres, France
  • Notice the lack of symmetry, architectural detail
  • Dominates the skyline
    • Cathedrals served as the center of the community
gothic revival in america
Gothic Revival in America
  • Trinity Church - 1846 in N.Y.C. near Ground-Zero
    • 9-11-2001 the church was almost destroyed by the 1st tower collapsing. Trees over a century in age protected the church from serious damage.
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