FIRE SAFETY SUPPRESSION - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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FIRE SAFETY SUPPRESSION
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FIRE SAFETY SUPPRESSION

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    1. FIRE SAFETY & SUPPRESSION

    2. Fires at USC Several major fires at Fraternities, some with injuries Occasional fires in laboratories Birnkrant Residence Hall (1995) and Troy Residence Hall (1997) Never a fatality in USC-owned building

    3. The role of CERT in fire safety: Put out small fires. Prevent additional fires. Shutoff utilities Assist with evacuations

    4. The Fire Triangle Heat Fuel Oxygen

    5. Fire Chemistry Classes of fire: A: Ordinary combustibles B: Flammable and combustible liquids C: Energized electrical equipment D: Combustible metals

    6. Reducing Fire Hazards in Home and Workplace Avoid the “electrical octopus.” Don’t run cords under carpets. Replace broken or frayed cords. Maintain appliances.

    7. Reducing Fire Hazards in Home and Workplace Install a natural gas detector. Locate and label gas shutoffs. Install automatic earthquake gas shutoff valve

    8. Reducing Fire Hazards in Home and Workplace Read labels. Use L.I.E.S. storage procedures: Limit, Isolate, Eliminate, Separate.

    9. Types of Fire Extinguishers Water Dry chemical Carbon dioxide Specialized fire extinguisher

    10. P.A.S.S Pull Aim Squeeze Sweep Test the extinguisher before approaching any fire.

    11. Fire Suppression Safety Do: Use safety equipment. Work in a buddy system. Have a backup team. Have two ways to exit. Maintain a safe distance. Overhaul the fire.

    12. Fire Sizeup Answer these questions: Can my buddy and I fight the fire safely? Do we have the right equipment? Are there other hazards? Is the building structurally damaged? Can we escape?

    13. Fire Suppression Safety DON’T Try to suppress large fires. Get too close. Fight it alone. Enter smoke-filled areas.

    14. Hazardous Materials . . . Corrode other materials Explode or are easily ignited React strongly with water Are unstable when exposed to heat or shock Are toxic to humans, animals, or the environment

    15. Identifying Stored Hazardous Materials

    16. Identifying Stored Hazardous Materials NFPA 704 Diamond-White Quadrant: W Shows unusual reactivity with water OX Possesses oxidizing properties

    17. FIRE RESPONSE USC has never had a fire fatality WE HAVE FIRES FAIRLY FREQUENTLY ON CAMPUS, BUT OVER THE YEARS WE HAVE NEVER HAD A FIRE FATALITY. WE HAVE FIRES FAIRLY FREQUENTLY ON CAMPUS, BUT OVER THE YEARS WE HAVE NEVER HAD A FIRE FATALITY.

    18. BASIC FIRE PROCEDURE SOUND THE ALARM by pulling the nearest pull station (or shouting “Fire”) LEAVE THE BUILDING IMMEDIATELY CALL FOR HELP UPC 213-740-4321 MEET AT OUTDOOR ASSEMBLY AREA

    19. RESPONSE ROLES Building Evacuation Coordinator Act as building emergency director Floor Wardens Check your specific floor or area and ensure everyone evacuates in a fire These are the two primary rolesThese are the two primary roles

    20. Building Evacuation Coordinator: Put on your vest & bring evacuation clipboard Coordinate the team’s efforts in evacuation

    21. Building Evacuation Coordinator: Coordinate the evacuation assembly area Meet arriving responders and provide info regarding evacuation status and details about the emergency

    22. FLOOR WARDEN: Put on your vest Make sure alarm is activated and call for help Ensure other team members assist

    23. FLOOR WARDEN: Check your floor as you evacuate to make sure everyone gets out Close doors (if time allows) Assist persons with disabilities

    24. FLOOR WARDEN: Inform evacuation coordinator of status of your floor (Is it all clear of people?) Inform evacuation coordinator if someone refused to leave or is trapped/injured in the building

    25. ASSISTING DISABLED These are additional roles that can be established if you have enough peopleThese are additional roles that can be established if you have enough people

    26. SMOKE DETECTORS The detector only sounds within one room, it does not set off the building's fire alarm system. The detector only sounds within one room, it does not set off the building's fire alarm system.

    27. FIRE ALARM SYSTEM Most pull stations are equipped with a plastic cover that sounds a buzzer when removed, but does not activate the whole system. Malicious alarms are extremely dangerous, since they can cause people to disregard the fire alarm and lose their lives, as happened at Seton Hall University.Most pull stations are equipped with a plastic cover that sounds a buzzer when removed, but does not activate the whole system. Malicious alarms are extremely dangerous, since they can cause people to disregard the fire alarm and lose their lives, as happened at Seton Hall University.

    28. FIRE SPRINKLER SYSTEM Most residential buildings are equipped Heads are activated by heat (165 degrees or more) from a fire. The automatic sprinkler system is the very best fire protection available. Sprinkler heads are easily broken by a tossed ball or by someone hanging something from the head. The cost of damage is the responsibility of the person who damaged the sprinkler (or parents). Each sprinkler head is activated individually, unlike the movies where they all go off at once. Sprinklers are great protection, but there still could be an injury or fatality in a room where a fire occurs. Each sprinkler head is activated individually, unlike the movies where they all go off at once. Sprinklers are great protection, but there still could be an injury or fatality in a room where a fire occurs.

    29. HELP MAINTAIN FIRE SAFETY No candles No halogen lamps or overloaded extension cords Keep hallways clear No tampering with fire equipment There have been several fires here started by candles and by overloaded extension cords or old appliances.There have been several fires here started by candles and by overloaded extension cords or old appliances.