Vision Loss Among Older People . The Vision Rehabilitation Service Delivery System: What You Need to Know & How to Refer. Presented by. Alberta L. Orr and Priscilla Rogers National Center on Vision Loss . Vision Loss Among Older People .
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The Vision Rehabilitation Service Delivery System:
What You Need to Know &
How to Refer
Alberta L. Orr and
National Center on Vision Loss
People with macular degeneration lose their central vision which makes it difficult to read, recognize faces, and do other close-up work.
glaucoma lose the peripheral or side vision which makes mobility difficult. It can also make it difficult to find the next line of text.
People with cataracts experience overall blurring of their visual field, but cataract surgery has a 95% success rate.
People with diabetic retinopathy also experience overall blurring but with dark spots which block vision.
This condition is a result of damage to the optic pathways in the brain, which can result from acquired brain injuries due to stroke, tumor or trauma. It can cause vision loss in half of the field.
Suggested Vision Component for Assessment Instrument
1. Has your vision become worse in the last 3 months?
____Yes _____No _____Sometimes
2. Have you experienced any of the following problems?
3. If so, have you seen an eye doctor?
____Yes _____ No _____Unsure
4. ______macular degeneration
5. What is the severity of your visual impairment? (Select only one)
____ No Light Perception or LP only
____Other Legal Blindness
____Other Severe Visual Impairment
____ Declined to answer or doesn’t know
If you have not seen an eye doctor in the last few months or are experiencing problems with your vision, please complete the following questionnaire.
The purpose of the questionnaire is to help identify people who may be experiencing a vision problem and who could benefit from seeing an eye care professional, either an optometrist or an ophthalmologist. People who use glasses or contact lenses should answer the questions in terms of how they see when wearing their glasses or contact lenses.
(Note: This does not include the use of magnifiers or any other special low vision devices.)
(Source: Arlene R. Gordon Research Institute, Lighthouse International).
Functional Vision Screening Questionnaire—on ADRC websitehttp://www.adrc-tae.org/tiki-index.php?page=EligibilityPublic
Independent Living Functional Assessment Developed to Address IADL’s & Visual Impairments (PDF) or (Word)
American Foundation for the BlindThis tool includes major IADL items that generally affect persons with visual impairments. The American Foundation for the Blind developed the tool through its National Standardized Minimum Data Set project. It can be used as a pre/post instrument. http://www.adrc-tae.org/tiki-index.php?page=EligibilityPublic
Rehabilitation teachers teach adaptive techniques for carrying out routine daily activities, such as pouring liquids, safety tips for cooking, and methods for household management, such as cleaning and person management, such as grooming techniques
The American Foundation for the Blind web site addresses the needs of family members, consumers and professionals.
The site contains information about coping with age-related vision loss, how to find vision rehabilitation services in every state and location, and information about how to find specialized aids and equipment.
AFB’s directory has information on more than 1,500 organizations, agencies, and product manufacturers.
It includes state and province listings of organizations in the U.S. and Canada.
The online edition is fully searchable and includes a handy step-by-step “how to” guide, quick links to agency web sites.
The National Eye Institute website has a wealth of information on eye diseases and the latest research. It contains vision simulations to help you understand how people with a variety of vision problems see.
This web site, developed by Lighthouse International and sponsored by Pfizer Ophthalmics, contains valuable information for consumers and professionals about prevention, rehabilitation, research, and technology. Vision simulators are also available through this site.
The Talking book program--Through a national network of cooperating libraries, the National Library Service administers a free library program of braille and audio materials circulated to eligible borrowers in the United States by postage-free mail.
Eligibility: Any resident of the United States or American citizen living abroad who is unable to read or use standard print materials as a result of a temporary or permanent visual or physical limitation may receive service.