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Imperialism. 24.1 24.2 Objective: to analyze the forces of Imperialism and how they impacted global events. Primary Source – Based off of the reading and your prior knowledge: What is this image attempting to tell us? What is the bias in this image?

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24.1 24.2

Objective: to analyze the forces of Imperialism and how they impacted global events

Primary Source – Based off of the reading and your prior knowledge:

What is this image attempting to tell us?

What is the bias in this image?

Looking ahead, what does this image explain about the possible future of imperialism in Africa?

Motives knowledge:

  • Imperialism=political, social, economic, or cultural domination of one country over another

  • Nationalism. Who could have the most land? “Rivalry”

  • Racism=one race is superior to another

  • Social Darwinism to social issues

    • Only the strongest survive

  • Religious reasons

  • Economic Reason

Economic knowledge:

  • I.R. needs – natural resources, rubber and petroleum etc…

  • New markets

  • Bankers – investments abroad

  • Growing population

Political military
Political/Military knowledge:

  • World-wide naval bases for logistical reasons

  • Halt expansion of other countries (development of rivalries)

  • Development of “prestige”

Religious humanitarian
Religious/Humanitarian knowledge:

  • Duty to “Christianize”

  • Spread “blessings” of Western civilization – medicine, law, religion

  • Increased movement of missionaries to colonial sites

Social darwinism
Social Darwinism knowledge:

  • Survival of the fittest

  • Argued Europeans were superior to all others

  • European imperialism “improved” human species across the globe

  • White Man’s Burden

White man s burden
White Man’s Burden knowledge:

  • Inherently racist school of thought that correlates to Darwin.

    • People can’t take care of themselves, so we must educate them on Western ideals, concepts, religions, etc.

    • Made conquered feel less than human, whites feel they were doing something worthwhile, not just exploiting a country.

    • “France must keep its role as the soldier of civilization” –French statesman

Forces working against africans
Forces working against knowledge:Africans

  • Internal

    • Variety of cultures working against them

    • Technology disadvantage

  • External

    • Maxim gun/Tech.

Control knowledge:

  • Protectorate: area w/ own internal gov’t. but under control of outside power. (U.K.)

  • Sphere of Influence: outside power claims exclusive invest./ trading privileges.

  • Economic Imperialism: area controlled by business than by gov’t.

24 2 partition of africa
24.2 knowledge:Partition of Africa

Pre euro africa
Pre-Euro. Africa knowledge:

  • Thousands of languages/tribes/cultures

  • Europeans were relegated to coastlines

  • Why weren’t Europeans able to conquer Africa before?

    • Un-navigable rivers

    • Trade networks by Africans

    • Malaria

    • Powerful African armies

Exploration knowledge:

  • Early explorers move into Africa’s Interior, followed by Missionaries.

  • Most colonial powers or groups viewed natives as children - Paternalism

Famous explorers
Famous Explorers knowledge:

  • Dr. Livingstone – travelled Africa, wanted to open up African interior to Christianity and trade – find source of Nile

  • Followed by Henry Stanley – was hired by newspapers to find Livingstone and write about exploration

  • Both explorers made exploring inland popular – encouraged further expansion

Belgium starts the race
Belgium starts knowledge:the race

  • King Leopold II and Belgium

  • Leopold’s false motives

    • Forced labor, taxes, human rights problems

  • “I was so moved, Your Excellency, by the people's stories that I took the liberty of promising them that in future you will only kill them for crimes they commit “ John Harris Missionary in Baringa

Berlin conference
Berlin Conference knowledge:

  • Met to prevent war amongst themselves

  • 1884-1885. Who was involved?

  • Didn’t take into account ethnic grouping. Problems?

Boer war
Boer War knowledge:

  • Zulu’s and Shaka develop a large nation-state.

  • Dutch settlers (Boers) move into South Africa. Huge farm systems.

  • British move in  Boer War (1899-1902)  Union of South Africa 1910.

African resistance
African Resistance knowledge:

  • Natives either allied with/fought against Europeans.

  • Maji-Maji Rebellion – against Germans in 1905

  • Only one successful resistance. Where? Why?

  • Ethiopia – Menelik II, modernized Ethiopia – fought off Italians in 1896