THE SCOTTISH WARS OF INDEPENDENCE. Alexander III. The Scottish Wars of Independence. 1286…. ALEXANDER III was King of Scots. Heir….. He had no son to take over after he died. YOLANDE….Young French Princess. Alexander hoped for a son.
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Alexander hoped for a son.
MARCH 18th, 1286…Alexander died on his way from Edinburgh to Kinghorn.
HEIR TO THE THRONE…was his GRAND- DAUGHTER.
LADY OF SCOTLAND.
MAID OF NORWAY.
She died in the ORKNEY ISLANDS.
Now there is no heir to the throne.
HAMMER OF THE SCOTS.
Edward of England is asked to
chose the next king.
He chooses JOHN BALLIOL.
Empty coat or puppet King.
The Auld Alliance….an agreement between the Scots and the French.
King John refused to fight for Edward.
Edward I. invaded Scotland.
Defeated Scots at Dunbar.
Takes King John prisoner and puts him in a dungeon.
Hugh de Cressingham is TREASURER.
All wool to be sent to ENGLAND.
This would cause great hardship for the SCOTS.
ANDREW de MORAY began to fight the ENGLISH.
Wallace is OUTLAWED.
REWARD…dead or alive.
A price on his head.
Wallace joins with ANDREW de MORAY.
They captured castles and towns from the English.
More and more men joined them.
Edward I was angry.
He sent an army north to defeat the rebel Scots.