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Investing in a brighter future through early education. Pennsylvania Departments of Education and Public Welfare Office of Child Development and Early Learning Executive Budget 2009-2010. 1. I. Why investing in early education is so important today.

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investing in a brighter future through early education

Investing in a brighter future through early education

Pennsylvania Departments of Education and Public Welfare

Office of Child Development and Early Learning

Executive Budget

2009-2010

1

not enough of our students are leaving school ready for a competitive workforce
Not enough of our students are leaving school ready for a competitive workforce

Out of the 30 countries taking part in the 2003 Program for International Student Assessment, the average score of US students was only higher than students in five other countries.

Source: Education Week, “Losing Global Ground,” January 2007

China produced nearly 3 times more engineering and computer science graduates than the U.S. in 2004.

Source: Duke University

Six out of ten of Pennsylvania’s 12th graders do not have the science skills to compete in a high-tech economy.

Source: Pennsylvania Dept. of Education press release, ““Six in Ten Pennsylvania High School Students Fail State Science Test,” December 9, 2008

3

the success of our economy depends on the education of our children
The success of our economy depends on the education of our children
  • 70% of jobs in the next 10 years will require a college degree or some education beyond high school
  • The unemployment rate for Pennsylvanians without a college degree is 4 times higher than for workers who graduated from college
  • A high school graduate earns 37% more in a lifetime than a high school dropout
  • A Pennsylvanian with a bachelor’s degree will earn twice as much in a lifetime as a person who only has a high school diploma
quality early learning opportunities are essential to our economic recovery today
Quality early learning opportunities are essential to our economic recovery today
  • For every dollar Pennsylvania invests in early childhood programs, more than two dollars is circulated throughout our local economies through employment and purchasing of goods and services.
  • Working parents are more productive with access to reliable, quality early learning programs.
  • The early education workforce is strengthened as teachers gain more degrees in child development and programs improve their management and accountability.
  • Communities are more attractive to new families and new businesses looking for their next home when there are sufficient early education opportunities available.

5

quality early learning opportunities are essential to our economic competitiveness tomorrow
Quality early learning opportunities are essential to our economic competitiveness tomorrow
  • As adults, children from quality early education programs are less likely to commit crimes or require public assistance; and are more likely to retain good jobs and have higher earnings.
  • Businesses can obtain higher skilled employees, requiring less training time and gaining higher productivity.
  • Communities save tax dollars on special education, remediation, crime control and public assistance; earn more tax revenue, attract quality jobs.
ocdel s mission
OCDEL’s Mission

The Office of Child Development and Early Learning (OCDEL) promotes opportunities for all Pennsylvania children and families by building systems and providing supports that help ensure access to high quality child and family services.

The office is a joint initiative between the Departments of Education and Public Welfare.

select ocdel programs
Child Care Certification

Child Care Works

Children’s Trust Fund

Early Intervention, birth- five

Full-Day Kindergarten

Head Start Supplemental Assistance Program

Keystone STARS/ PA Early Learning Keys to Quality

Parent-Child Home Program

Pennsylvania Pre-K Counts

Nurse-Family Partnership

Public-private partnerships

Select OCDEL Programs
results pennsylvania pre k counts
Results: Pennsylvania Pre-K Counts
  • Serving nearly 12,000 children in 315 programs.
  • At the end of the 2007-2008 school year, approximately 94% of the children finished the school-year with age-appropriate skills and behavior, or emerging age-appropriate skills and behavior.
  • In 2008-2009, twice as many three-year olds in PA Pre-K Counts classrooms demonstrated proficiency in personal social development and scientific thinking at mid-year than at the beginning of the school year. Twice as many four-year olds demonstrated proficiency in language & literacy and mathematical thinking at the beginning of the school year.
  • School districts report that children who participated in PA Pre-K Counts last year who are now in kindergarten entered kindergarten with age-appropriate skills, were more prepared for kindergarten than their peers, and are meeting development expectations throughout kindergarten.

13

results keystone stars
Results: Keystone STARS
  • Serving 170,000 children in 5,000 programs, this is the largest school readiness initiative in Pennsylvania.
  • Reversed the negative trend in declining quality in child care, and improved the quality of child care across Pennsylvania, through an independent study.
  • 25% of STARS programs moved up at least one STAR level in 2007-2008.
results child care works
Results: Child Care Works
  • Serving more than 135,000 families each month.
  • Those served are up to 15% more likely to be employed, stay off welfare, and have higher earnings.
  • Since 2007, 30% more of our most vulnerable children are receiving child care assistance in regulated child care programs.
  • 40% of children receiving Child Care Works are enrolled in Keystone STARS programs.
results early intervention
Results: Early Intervention
  • Serving more than 33,900 infants and toddlers and more than 43,800 preschoolers
  • Child assessment data from infants, toddlers and preschoolers who entered Early Intervention after July 1, 2007 and exited Early Intervention prior to June 30, 2008 shows that nearly every child (99%) made progress from entry to exit.
  • In one year, the number of children in Early Intervention receiving their services in typical early childhood programs (e.g. child care, Head Start, preschool) increased by 9% to 58% total.
results nurse family partnership
Results: Nurse-Family Partnership
  • Serving 4,200 children and families
  • NFP prevents nearly half of all cases of abuse or neglect of at-risk children. According to Fight Crime: Invest in Kids, by the time the children in Nurse-Family Partnership had reached 15, both their mothers and the children had about 60% fewer arrests than mothers and children left out of the program.
results head start
Results: Head Start
  • Serving more than 5,600 children through Head Start Supplemental; more than 35,300 children served through federally-funded Head Start
  • The Head Start Family and Child Experiences Survey (FACES), shows that that Head Start: narrows the gaps between disadvantaged children and all children in vocabulary and writing skills during the Head Start year; improves the social skills of Head Start children; and leads to continued improvements in word knowledge, letter recognition, math skills and writing skills by Head Start children relative to other children during the kindergarten year.
putting progress in perspective
Putting Progress in Perspective
  • Children in every county at risk of school failure.
  • More than one-third (36%) of Pennsylvania’s children under age five live in low-income families.
  • We still only reach four in 10 children from birth to age five with a quality early education program.
putting progress in perspective1
Putting Progress in Perspective
  • In our 15 highest risk counties, where children are at most risk of failing in school,
    • Approximately 50% of children under age five live in low-income families;
    • Between 18% - 47% of 3rd graders scored below proficient on the 2008 PSSA reading test
    • More than half of young children under age five do not have access to publicly-funded quality early education opportunities.
current challenges for pa
Current challenges for PA
  • Great parent demand for high quality pre-kindergarten
    • Only one in three preschoolers have access to high quality pre-kindergarten
      • Approximately 4% of preschoolers participate in PA Pre-K Counts
    • More than 3,700 children on PA Pre-K Counts waiting list at start of 08-09 school year
  • Great demand for quality early education from birth to age five
    • Only 22% of children under five participate in state and/or federally funded high quality early childhood programs in Pennsylvania. (17% of children birth-5 in Keystone STAR 3 & 4 programs)
  • Great need for child care assistance
    • 15,000 children on waiting list for Child Care Works in January 2009
  • Greater demand for higher qualified teachers
    • New teacher education requirements for school-based pre-k, Pennsylvania Pre-K Counts and Head Start
pennsylvania s early education continuum needs us to
Pennsylvania's early education continuum needs us to:
  • Strive for higher quality and reach children and families that can benefit;
  • Refine accountability and documenting positive outcomes for children; and
  • Build leadership in our communities and state decisionmakers to make quality early education a priority for Pennsylvania.
improving quality while increasing accessibility progress since 2003
Improving quality while increasing accessibility – Progress since 2003
  • Several “firsts” improve access and quality:
    • First full-day kindergarten initiative, providing 65% of children in the state with access to full-day kindergarten
    • First state-based pre-k program, PA Pre-K Counts
    • First state investment in Head Start
  • Moved Keystone STARS from pilot to statewide initiative reaching 170,000 children, making this the largest school readiness initiative.
  • Since 2003, the percent of 3 & 4 year olds participating high quality early education has nearly doubled from 18% to 35%.
improving quality while increasing accessibility progress cont d
Improving quality while increasing accessibility – Progress, cont’d
  • Creation of the Early Childhood Education Career Lattice with professional development, technical assistance & higher education assistance.
  • More preschool children with disabilities/delays participating in typical early learning programs as part of Early Intervention Inclusion Initiative.
  • An increase in enrollments in Child Care Works and in Child Care Works families choosing Keystone STARS programs.
  • Online accessibility for parents to search for child care programs and apply for Child Care Works.
improving quality while increasing accessibility moving ahead in 09 10
Improving quality while increasing accessibility: Moving ahead in 09-10
  • Enroll more children in Child Care Works, PA Pre-K Counts and Early Intervention for infants, toddlers & preschoolers.
  • Support achievement of Early Childhood Education certificates and credentials for teachers in OCDEL programs.
accountability documenting positive outcomes for children progress since 2003
Accountability & documenting positive outcomes for children: Progress since 2003
  • Creation of PA Early Learning Standards, birth – 2nd grade
  • Creation of Office of Child Development and Early Learning (OCDEL)
  • Development of accountability measures for OCDEL staff, providers of OCDEL programs, and early childhood staff
    • Independent ERS assessments
    • Regional specialists such as STARS specialists, Preschool Program Specialists, Early Intervention Advisors, and Subsidy Coordinators
accountability documenting positive outcomes for children progres cont d
Accountability & documenting positive outcomes for children: Progres, cont’d
  • Creation of OCDEL’s Program Reach and County Risk Report
  • Implementation of Pennsylvania’s Enterprise to Link Information for Children Across Networks (PELICAN) for Certification, Child Care Works (CCIS), Early Intervention and Pennsylvania Pre-K Counts
  • Establishment of common child outcome reporting across all OCDEL quality programs
accountability documenting positive outcomes for children moving ahead in 09 10
Accountability & documenting positive outcomes for children: Moving ahead in 09-10
  • Provide revised early learning standards and new guides for parents and teachers
  • Continue implementation of one reporting system for assessment of children in ALL quality programs of OCDEL
building leadership at all levels progress since 2003
Building leadership at all levels: Progress since 2003
  • Early Childhood Community Engagement Groups
  • Creation of Pennsylvania Early Learning Council and Early Learning Investment Commission
  • Pennsylvania’s Promise for Children
building leadership at all levels moving ahead in 2009 2010
Building leadership at all levels: Moving ahead in 2009-2010
  • Engage business leaders through the Early Learning Investment Commission
  • Support local community leadership
  • Ongoing public-private partnerships
governor s budget proposal for 2009 10 serve additional families in
Governor’s Budget Proposal for 2009-10Serve additional families in:
  • Child Care Works Subsidized Child Care Program – Expanding to reach 141,000 children (monthly average) by adding 3,700 slots -- 640 TANF slots, 1,066 former TANF slots and 2,000 Low income slots; freezing provider rates for traditional care; freezing evening and weekend rates for providers with a STAR 2-4 rating, reduction in evening/weekend rate for all other providers.
  • Early Intervention – Expanding to reach to 81,920 children (35,840 infants and toddlers and 46,080 preschoolers) by adding 1,870 infants and toddlers and 1,100 preschoolers; freezing provider rates and implementing additional cost-containment strategies with selected preschool Early Intervention programs.
  • Pennsylvania Pre-K Counts – Expanding to reach to 12,850 children by adding 1,050 childrenand freezing provider rates.
governor s budget proposal for 2009 10 sustain progress in
Governor’s Budget Proposal for 2009-10Sustain progress in:
  • Head Start Supplemental – Sustaining for 5,620 children; freezing provider rates.
  • Keystone STARS – Making it possible for programs to achieve higher STAR levels and provide higher quality early learning opportunities for over 170,000 children.
  • Nurse-Family Partnership –Sustaining for 4,200 children and families; freezing provider rates.
  • Parent-Child Home Program – Sustaining for 1,500 children and families; freezing provider rates.
fiscal controls within ocdel 2009 2010
Fiscal controls within OCDEL: 2009-2010
  • Continue cost containments begun in 2008-2009- no impact on direct services
  • Freeze provider rates in all programs
  • Adjust evening and weekend care rates in Child Care Works
    • Keystone STAR 2-4 programs – rate freeze
    • All other programs – rate reduction
  • Implement additional cost containment strategies with selected preschool Early Intervention programs
other education initiatives 2009 2010
Other Education Initiatives: 2009-2010
  • $300 million increase to make the 2nd year investment in helping all school district reach adequate resources through Pennsylvania’s new funding formula
  • Emergency tuition relief for Pennsylvania students at community colleges and state universities
  • PHEAA - $45 million increase($10 million reserved for community college students)
  • Community colleges- $7 million increase(operating and capital funding)
  • State System of Higher Ed - $65 million increase(capital funding)
other education initiatives fiscal controls 2009 2010
Other Education Initiatives: Fiscal controls 2009-2010
  • Examine options for school district consolidation and similar efficiencies
  • Use the purchasing power of school districts to cut health care costs
  • Eliminate excuses for failing schools
  • Improve public confidence in charter schools
impact of federal stimulus package as of 4 6 09
Impact of Federal Stimulus Package as of 4/6/09
  • Child Care: PA will receive $30 million a year for two years; funds for child care assistance, quality improvement, infant/toddler. No supplanting allowed.
  • Head Start: Programs in PA could get up to $30 million a year for two years, with 4.9% COLA and new slots for Early Head Start & Preschool Head Start
  • Infant, Toddlers and Preschool Early Intervention: Up to $58 million over two years. Can cover deficits in state funding for 08-09
  • School Districts: Districts can use some stimulus funds (including Title I) for early education, but not required.
still federal stimulus won t fill the gap
Still, federal stimulus won’t fill the gap
  • OCDEL proposed budget not relying on federal stimulus
  • 15,000 children on Child Care Works waiting list = $80 million annually
  • Head Start reaching about 2/3 of eligible children
    • 40,000 eligible infants and toddlers not being served
    • 12,000 eligible preschoolers not being served, at least 2,000 on waiting lists now
  • No provisions for PA Pre-K Counts
2009 2010 highlights state and federal investment in thousands
2009-2010 Highlights: State and Federal Investment (in thousands)

References in Governor’s proposed budget

Listed below are the appropriations by Department and the page number on which you can find these appropriations in the Governor’s budget proposal

DPW programs

Early Intervention - E33.6

Child Care Works/ Keystone STARS

- Child Care Services - E33.7

- Child Care Assistance - E33.7

Nurse Family Partnership - E33.7

PDE programs

PA Pre-K Counts - E14.18

Head Start Supplemental - E14.18

Early Intervention - E14.18