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Research Project REL 100 – Introduction to the Study of Religion Seventh-day Adventist. Tammy Madagan. Origins of Seventh-Day Adventist.
The Seventh-day Adventist church originated from the Millerite movement of the 1840’s. William Miller (pictured at right), was a Baptist preacher from New England that predicted, based on his interpretation of Daniel 8:14, that Jesus Christ would return on October 22, 1844. When Miller’s prediction did not come to fruition, most of his followers left, but a few still believed.
The followers that remained, believed that Miller interpreted the Bible passage incorrectly. This lead to much discussion and the unique Seventh-day Adventist concept of ‘Investigative Judgment’.
The followers that remained were a loosely knit group that observed the Millerite principles (adhere to Sabbath, conditional immortality, Christ’s imminent return).
Adventist Dept. of Education Luma Linda Medical Center
The Seventh-day Adventist Logo, pictured right, is one of the most recognizable symbols of the Church. The logo reflects the core values of the church and contains numerous symbols.
5. Holy Spirit
7. Nature of Man
8. Great Controversy
9. Life, Death, and Resurrection of Christ
10. Experience of Salvation
11. Growing in Christ
13. Remnant and Its Mission
14. Unity in the Body of Christ
16. Lord’s Supper
17. Spiritual Gifts and Ministries
18. The Gift of Prophecy
19. Law of God
22. Christian Behavior
23. Marriage and Family
24. Christ’s Ministry in the Heavenly Sanctuary
25. Second Coming of Christ
26. Death and Resurrection
27. Millennium and the End of Sin
28. New EarthAdventist’s Fundamental Beliefs
Seventh-day Adventist Church maintains 28 Fundamental beliefs based on the Church’s interpretation of the Bible
The SDA believe that Ellen Murphy (pictured right), one of the founders of the Seventh-day Adventist Church, was blessed with the gift of prophecy. The ‘Gift of Prophecy’ is the 18th of the 28 Fundamental SDA beliefs.
18. The Gift of Prophecy: One of the gifts of the Holy Spirit is prophecy. This gift is an identifying mark of the remnant church and was manifested in the ministry of Ellen. G. White . As the Lord's messenger, her writings are a continuing and authoritative source of truth which provide for the church comfort, guidance, instruction, and correction. They also make clear that the Bible is the standard by which all teaching and experience must be tested. (Joel 2:28, 29; Acts 2:14-21; Heb. 1:1-3; Rev. 12:17; 19:10.)
Adventist First Fundamental Belief
1. Holy Scriptures:The Holy Scriptures, Old and New Testaments, are the written Word of God, given by divine inspiration through holy men of God who spoke and wrote as they were moved by the Holy Spirit. In this Word, God has committed to man the knowledge necessary for salvation. The Holy Scriptures are the infallible revelation of His will. They are the standard of character, the test of experience, the authoritative revealer of doctrines, and the trustworthy record of God's acts in history. (2 Peter 1:20, 21; 2 Tim. 3:16, 17; Ps. 119:105; Prov. 30:5, 6; Isa. 8:20; John 17:17; 1 Thess. 2:13; Heb. 4:12.)
just a space. It is a community,
a place to worship, and the
body of Christ
Church in Boston, MA
Believe in adult baptism by water immersion
#15 of the SDA 28 Fundamental Beliefs
Communion (Lord’s Supper)
Typically held 4 times annually
#16 of the SDA 28 Fundamental Beliefs
Commences with foot washing ceremony; Concludes with Lord’s Supper of unleavened bread and unfermented grape juiceSeventh-day Adventist Sacraments
Seventh-Day Adventist Official Church Website
This site is the official website for the Seventh-Day Adventist church and as such would be considered an “insider” site. The site provides a broad range of information relating to the church, from the Adventist beliefs to the structure and governance of the church. The site includes access to the official church manual, information on the church’s stance regarding certain issues (abortion, etc.), the history of the church, and facts/figures relating to membership.
This site is an online encyclopedia that is typically kept very current and would be considered an “outsider” site. The site provides excellent information on the Seventh-day Adventist Church. The information ranges from facts/figures, to the origins of the church, as well as criticisms of the church. Wikipedia is especially nice because most articles contain keywords that will link the user to more information, and typically another article, about the keyword.
This site is an online resource that provides information on various religions and would be considered an “outsider” site. The site, much like Wikipedia, provides a wide range of information relating to the Seventh-day Adventist Church. The information found at this site relating to Seventh-day Adventist appears to be non-biased, accurate, and confirmation of the information found through other resources.
Site maintained by the Ontario Consultants on Religious Tolerance. This site provides excellent information of the Seventh-day Adventist church origins, current practices, beliefs, and stance on specific issues.
St. Thomas Aquinas Forum
Catholic Theology site. Site provides a snap shot of facts on the Seventh-day Adventist Church. Additionally, the site provides a nice chart comparing the basic beliefs of many Christian religions.
Site describing history of earth through use of artifacts and religious texts. Only used this site to obtain images.
History of the Seventh-Day Adventist Church. Seventh-Day Adventist Official Church Website. 4 September 2007
http://www.adventist.org/. Copy right 2007. General Conference of Seventh-day Adventists.
Seventh-day Adventist Church. Wikipedia. 5 September 2007 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seventh_Day_Adventist . Wikipedia Foundation, Inc.
Seventh-day Adventists. ReligionFacts. 5 September 2007 http://www.religionfacts.com/christianity/denominations/seventh_day_adventist.htm. Copyright 2004-2007.
Seventh-day Adventist Church. Religious Tolerance. 11 September 2007 http://www.religioustolerance.org/sda.htm. Copyright 1997-2007. Robinson, B.A.
Seventh-day Adventist Church. St. Thomas Aquinas Forum. 18 September 2007 http://www.saintaquinas.com/Seventh_day.html
Earth History: a new approach. 30 October 2007 http://www.earthhistory.org.uk/genesis-6-11-and-other-texts/the-tradition-in-sumer/ . Copyright 2007. Robinson, Steven
I selected the Seventh-day Adventist Church (SDA) as the topic of my research project. I select the SDA based on my results to the ‘Belief-O-Matic’ survey that we completed during the first week of the course. My results listed the SDA second in my list with an 86% match. Second only to the religion I practice, mainline/conservative Christianity. Before completing the ‘Belief-O-Matic’ survey I had heard of the SDA religion, but knew very little about it. I knew, or thought I knew, that the church was Christian based and that Adventists observed the Sabbath on Saturday. Based on the SDA church being returned high in my ‘Belief-O-Matic’ results and my apparent lack of knowledge relating to the religion, I decided to study the SDA Church for my research project.
The Seventh-day Adventist church originated from the Millerite movement of the 1840’s. William Miller was a Baptist preacher from New England that predicted, based on his interpretation of Daniel 8:14, that Jesus Christ would return on October 22, 1844. When Miller’s prediction did not come to fruition, most of his followers left, but a few still believed. The followers that remained believed that Miller interpreted the Bible passage incorrectly. This led too much discussion and the unique Seventh-day Adventist concept of ‘Investigative Judgment’. The followers that remained were a loosely knit group that observed the Millerite principles (adhere to Sabbath, conditional immortality, Christ’s imminent return). This group formally formed the church in Battle Creek, Michigan on May 23, 1863. Ellen and James White and Joseph Bates are credited with forming the church. Since its formation the church has grown to over 14 million members in over 200 countries. The SDA church operates under 28 fundamental beliefs. These beliefs range from ideas on Holy Scripture to prescribed behavior for Christians. Many of the core SDA beliefs are consistent with mainstream/conservative Christianity and most likely familiar to most Americans. These beliefs include the ideas of the Christian Trinity (Father, Son, and Holy Spirit), and similar beliefs in creation, resurrections, salvation, etc. SDA beliefs that differ from conservative Christianity include the observation of the Sabbath on Saturday, the belief in the Gift of Prophecy, Investigative Judgment, and Conditional Immortality. Adventists observe the Sabbath from sunset on Friday to sunset on Saturday. Adventists believe that Ellen White was a prophet and that her teachings and writings are an authoritative source for the church. Investigative Judgment is the Adventist belief that judgment of Christians has been ongoing since 1844. Conditional Immortality is the Adventist belief that the evil and wicked are not banished to eternal hell, but they are annihilated.
While studying the SDA church I learned several interesting things. First, the SDA church founded the Religious Liberty Foundation in 1893 to ensure religious freedom, for all people regardless of faith. I found this interesting because must Christian based religions (mine included) feel that their way is the ‘right way’. Secondly, I found it very interesting that the Adventist’s believe in the Gift of Prophecy and that Ellen White was a prophet. Actually, this is a point of contention among Adventists. Many do not belief that Ellen White was a prophet. Thirdly, I found it interesting that the Branch Davidians originated from the SDA church. In general I found it extremely interesting that the SDA church is very similar to conservative Christianity and my own beliefs, but that several key ideas make it very different.
The most informative ‘insider’ site I found during my research was the SDA Church site (http://www.adventist.org/). The most informative ‘outsider’ site I found was the Wikipedia page on the Seventh-day Adventist (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seventh_Day_Adventist)