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Report. República del Perú PERU. University Bible Fellowship – Washington Chapter 10th Anniversary Celebration November 8, 2002 Presented by Belssi Chang. Content. PERU. Geographic Setting Regions Population Ethnic Groups History and Government Universities Missionary Work.

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rep blica del per peru

Report

República del PerúPERU

University Bible Fellowship – Washington Chapter

10th Anniversary Celebration

November 8, 2002

Presented by Belssi Chang

content
Content

PERU

  • Geographic Setting
  • Regions
  • Population
  • Ethnic Groups
  • History and Government
  • Universities
  • Missionary Work
geographic setting
Geographic Setting

PERU

  • Borders Chile, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, and the Pacific Ocean.
  • Total land area of 1.28 million sq. km. (3.5x size of Japan, slightly smaller than Alaska).
  • Third-largest country in South America after Brazil and Argentina.
  • Ranks among the world's 20 largest nations.
geographic setting continued
Geographic SettingContinued

PERU

  • Terrain: western coastal plain, high and rugged Andes in center, eastern lowland jungle of Amazon Basin.
  • Landscape: 50 mountains > 6,000 meters above sea level; 1,679 glaciers; 12,000 lakes of varying sizes and depths; and 262 different river basins.
  • Among the 5 countries with the greatest biological diversity in the world.
regions
Regions

PERU

  • Peru is made up of 24 departments and one Constitutional Province called El Callao.
  • Main cities:
    • Coast: Arequipa, Callao, Trujillo, Chimbote, Chiclayo and Piura
    • Andes: Cusco
    • Amazon: Iquitos
population
Population

PERU

  • Current total Peruvian population is about 27 million:
    • 52% lives in the coast,
    • 36% lives in the highlands, and
    • 12% lives in the jungle.
    • 71% lives in urban areas and
    • 29% lives in rural areas .
    • 50% (approx.) is under 21.
    • 90% is Roman Catholic.
    • Around 6 million live in the capital, Lima.
ethnic groups
Ethnic Groups

PERU

  • Ethnic Groups:
    • 45% Amerindian: Quechuas and Aymaras
    • 37% mestizo (mixed Amerindian and white),
    • 15% criollo (white),
    • 3% Black, Japanese, Chinese, and other
  • Languages:
    • Spanish (official)
    • Quechua (official)
    • Aymara
history and government
History and Government

PERU

  • Ancient Peru seat of several prominent Andean civilizations, most notably the Incas
  • Inca empire captured by Spanish conquerors in 1533.
  • Peruvian independence declared in 1821.
  • 20th century dominated by military rule, serious economic problems, and guerrilla activity.
  • Dramatic turnaround and significant progress following
    • Return of democracy returned in 1980 and especially following
    • President Alberto FUJIMORI's election in 1990
      • New Constitution issued under his leadership in 1993; left power in 2000)
  • Government has 3 branches: executive (5-year term), legislative, and judicial branches.
  • Current President: Alejandro Toledo (elected in 2001)
universities
Universities

PERU

  • Total of 78 Universities: ~416,000 students
    • 33 Public Universities: ~246,000 students
    • 45 Private Universities: ~170,000 students
    • 53% Male, 47% Female
    • 1.62% of total population
    • 7.92% of 15-24 year old population
    • Major with highest enrollment: Education
  • Largest Universities (both located in Lima):
    • Universidad San Martin de Porres (private): ~32,000
    • Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos: ~25,000
universities continued
Universities Continued

PERU

  • Universidad San Martin de Porres:
  • Largest Peruvian university
  • ~32,000 students
  • Founded in 1962
  • Ranked among top 3 private universities

www.usmp.edu.pe

universities continued12
Universities Continued

PERU

  • Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos:
  • ~25,000 students
  • Founded in 1551 by Dominican Mission.
  • First university in American continent.
  • School of medicine, law, and letters and sciences have functioned uninterruptedly since its founding.

www.unmsm.edu.pe

missionary work
Missionary Work

PERU

Periods:

  • 1532-1822 (Roman Catholic Missions)
  • 1822-1900 (Beginning of Protestant Missions)
  • 1900-1940s (Protestant Missions Added)
  • 1950s-Present (Growth Trends and Outlook)
mission work 1532 1822
Mission Work: 1532-1822

PERU

  • Roman Catholic Missions
  • Catholicism was brought by Spanish conquerors starting around 1532.
  • Evangelization conducted through Franciscan, Mercedarian, and Dominican dioceses.
  • The 17th century - "Peru’s religious century"
    • Canonization of two saints.
    • However 17th Century followed by religious decline.
mission work 1822 1900
Mission Work: 1822-1900

PERU

  • Beginning of Protestant Missions
  • 1822-24: Scottish educator/Bible society agent James Thomson arrived in Lima
    • Carried mission work jointly with pro-reform Catholic clergy
  • 1845: Catholicism becomes official state religion
    • Foreigners allowed to conduct Protestant services provided that no Peruvians attended
  • 1849: Anglican Church for foreign residents allowed
    • First Non-Catholic denomination in Peru.
mission work 1822 1900 continued
Mission Work: 1822-1900Continued

PERU

  • Beginning of Protestant Missions Continued
  • 1877: Arrival of first US Methodists (little success)
  • 1888: Arrival of Francisco Penzotti, Methodist Minister
    • 1888-1896: sold Bibles, preached, trained leaders
    • 1889: organized a Methodist Church
    • 1890-1891: jailed for 9 months due to Catholic reaction
      • international scandal and support resulting in religious tolerance law in 1915
  • 1898: Seventh Day Adventists started mission work
    • Gained converts especially among Aymara Indians
    • Founded and operate respected university.
    • Remain second largest Protestant church in Peru.
    • Currently largest non-Pentecostal denomination.
mission work 1900 1940s
Mission Work: 1900-1940s

PERU

  • Protestant Missions Added
  • 1903: Wesleyans
  • 1914: Nazarenes
  • 1927: Baptists (first of several Baptist Missions)
  • 1900-1930: John Ritchie (RBMU) developed successfully an indigenous Peruvian Evangelical Church in Andes.
  • 1930s-1940s: John A. Mackay (Free Church of Scotland) evangelized university students in Lima
  • 1940: Most Protestant churches and missions form National Evangelical Council
    • As of 1998 still most representative Protestant Institution.
mission work 1950s present
Mission Work: 1950s-Present

PERU

  • Growth Trends and Outlook
  • Wycliffe Bible Translators made Bible available in >30 tribal languages in Amazonian jungle.
  • Faith Missions and Southern Baptists little growth.
  • Pentecostal churches largest growth (esp. among poor).
  • Evangelical Alliance Mission Radio station influential in opening doors for significant growth in 1970s.
mission work 1950s present continued
Mission Work: 1950s-PresentContinued

PERU

  • Growth Trends and OutlookContinued
  • 1970-1990 violent political climate between military and Sendero Luminoso (Shining Path) guerrillas affected isolated areas where missionary efforts had been successful.
  • 1990s – wave of Pentencostal renewal spread
  • Recently – significant evangelical growth among native Quechuas and Aymaras
  • Many converts become active as lay missionaries, in North Africa, Europe, the Middle East, and the United States.
references
References

PERU

  • http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/geos/pe.html
  • http://www.peru.com/peruinfo/
  • http://www.latin-focus.com/countries/peru/peru.htm
  • http://ppn.home.cern.ch/ppn/up.htm
  • http://www.anr.edu.pe/
  • http://www.unmsm.edu.pe
  • http://www.usmp.edu.pe
  • D.B. Barret, et al. World Christian Encyclopedia: The World by Countries, Religions, Churches, Ministries. Volume 1, Second Edition. Oxford University Press, 2001.
  • A. S. Moreau, et al. Evangelical Dictionary of World Missions. Baker Book House Company, 2000.
  • J. A. Siewert, et al. Mission Handbook: USA/Canada Christian Ministries Overseas. Marc Publishers, 1993-1995.