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Pollution Prevention Guideline for Academic Laboratories Prepared by: University of Rhode Island Kingston, Rhode Island Background Eliminate/minimize generation of unnecessary large quantities of biological/chemical waste on academic campuses
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University of Rhode Island
Kingston, Rhode Island
The purpose of this Laboratory Pollution Prevention Guideline is to present a methodology to evaluate alternatives to eliminate or reduce the generation of laboratory chemical/biological waste.
The methodology focuses on teaching laboratories, but the methodology is also suitable for research and development laboratory settings.
The guideline is just that - a methodology. It is the responsibility of the committee to evaluate the relevant factors (safety practices, regulations, policies) and determine how these factors must be considered in evaluating the various alternatives.
Substitution, microscale/scale down, alternative methods
Redistribution of unused raw materials, chemical recovery
Treatment of By-Products
Neutralization, other methods
Segregation, proper handling and disposal
1. Planning and Organization
2. Develop Evaluation Criteria
3. Develop List of Alternatives
4. Screen Alternatives
5. Detailed Evaluation of Alternatives
Pollution Prevention Guideline for Academic Laboratories
Educational value Safety risks
Input materials Waste materials
Ease of implementation Others
For Experiment A
1. Chemical substitution
3. Scale down
4. Alternatives 1 and 3
For Experiment B
1. Ag identification and recovery using ascorbic acid
2. Alternative method for Ag identification using KI
Selected alternatives for A:
(i) Microscale experiment
(ii) Scale down and chemical substitution
Both are examples of Source Elimination/Reduction alternatives
Selected alternative for B:
(i) Ag identification and recovery using ascorbic acid
Example of a combination of Source Elimination/Reduction and Recycling/Reuse alternatives
For more information: Rhode Island Center for Pollution Prevention
University of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI 02881
(401) 874-2323 (voice) or (401) 874 - 4689 (fax)