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Pollution Prevention Strategies. Critical Control Points & Critical Limits of Manure Handling. Instructional Overheads Format. First major point Second major point Third major point. Purpose of the Pollution Prevention Strategies Module. Helps producers:

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pollution prevention strategies

Pollution Prevention Strategies

Critical Control Points

&

Critical Limits of Manure Handling

NPPC Pollution Prevention Strategies Module

instructional overheads format
Instructional Overheads Format
  • First major point
  • Second major point
  • Third major point

NPPC Pollution Prevention Strategies Module

purpose of the pollution prevention strategies module
Purpose of the PollutionPrevention Strategies Module
  • Helps producers:
    • Understand environmental hazards of manure handling.
    • Identify critical control points.
    • Develop format for regular monitoring.
  • Third party evaluation
    • Education/certification
  • Improve public image

NPPC Pollution Prevention Strategies Module

principles of hazard analysis critical control points
Principles of Hazard Analysis & Critical Control Points
  • Identify hazards.
  • Find critical control points.
  • Establish critical limits.
  • Monitor.
  • Take corrective action if critical limits are exceeded.
  • Verify that the HACCP plan is working.
  • Keep records on each critical control point.

NPPC Pollution Prevention Strategies Module

hazards of manure handling
Hazards of Manure Handling
  • More nutrients than the crop can utilize.
  • Too close to waterways, wells, etc.
  • Application on frozen ground.
  • To farm in advance of crop.
  • Leakage or discharge.

NPPC Pollution Prevention Strategies Module

critical control points critical limits ccp 1 manure generation
Critical Control Points/Critical LimitsCCP #1 - Manure Generation
  • Number and size of pigs
  • Water usageNote: Actual storage time may differ from projections.

NPPC Pollution Prevention Strategies Module

critical control points critical limits ccp 1 manure generation1
Critical Control Points/Critical LimitsCCP #1 - Manure Generation
  • Phase-of-Production Method
  • for Estimating Manure Output
    • PhaseNo.Gal/dayTotal Gal
    • Nursery 800 X .4 320
    • Grow-Fin 1900 X 1.5 2850
    • Sow/litter 40 X 5.0 200
    • Gest sow 210 X 1.5 315
    • Boar 13 X 1.9 25
    • Total 3710

NPPC Pollution Prevention Strategies Module

critical control points critical limits ccp 1 manure generation2
Critical Control Points/Critical LimitsCCP #1 - Manure Generation

Animal-Units Method

for Estimating Manure Output

PhaseNo. Weight, lbTotal lb, K

Nursery 800 X 30 24

Grow-Fin 1900 X 140 266

Sow/litter 40 X 500 20

Gest sow 210 X 375 79

Boar 13 X 500 6

Total 395

Total wt = 395,000 lbs = 395 animal units

395 X 9 gal/animal unit = 3555 gal/day

NPPC Pollution Prevention Strategies Module

critical control points critical limits ccp 1 manure generation3
Critical Control Points/Critical LimitsCCP #1 - Manure Generation

Application-Records Method

for Estimating Manure Output

PhaseNo loadsVolume, galTotal Gal, K

Nursery 58 X 2000 116

Grow-Fin 520 X 2000 1,040

Sow/litter 37 X 2000 74

Gest sow 62 X 2000 124

Total 699 X 2000 1,354

NPPC Pollution Prevention Strategies Module

critical control points critical limits ccp 1 manure generation4
Critical Control Points/Critical LimitsCCP #1 - Manure Generation
  • Water usage contributes to manure output.
    • Check flow rate in every waterer; adjust as needed.
    • Consider adding a water meter to the main line.

NPPC Pollution Prevention Strategies Module

critical control points critical limits ccp 1 manure generation5
Critical Control Points/Critical LimitsCCP #1 - Manure Generation
  • Rainfall contributes to manure volume.
    • Outside manure storages are affected by rainfall and evaporation.
    • Consider recent rainfall when monitoring manure storage levels.

NPPC Pollution Prevention Strategies Module

critical control points critical limits ccp 1 manure generation6
Critical Control Points/Critical LimitsCCP #1 - Manure Generation
  • Critical limits:
    • Monitor your manure output and compare it to calculated values.
    • Excess output is not an environmental threat. Manure spreading costs are increased.

NPPC Pollution Prevention Strategies Module

critical control points critical limits ccp 2 manure storage
Critical Control Points/Critical LimitsCCP #2 - Manure Storage
  • Integrity
  • Remaining capacity

NPPC Pollution Prevention Strategies Module

critical control points critical limits ccp 2 manure storage1
Critical Control Points/Critical LimitsCCP #2 - Manure Storage
  • Critical limits:
    • Integrity
    • Remaining capacity

NPPC Pollution Prevention Strategies Module

critical control points critical limits ccp 3 manure transportation
Critical Control Points/Critical LimitsCCP #3 - Manure Transportation
  • Conventional spreader
  • Recycle system
  • Irrigation

NPPC Pollution Prevention Strategies Module

critical control points critical limits ccp 4 manure application
Critical Control Points/Critical LimitsCCP #4 - Manure Application
  • Rate - match to crop needs, soil and manure tests.
  • Method - incorporate or inject whenever possible.
  • Timing - just before crops require nutrients.
  • Run off - be cautious in high risk areas (on steep slopes, near ditches, and water sources).

NPPC Pollution Prevention Strategies Module

critical control points critical limits ccp 4 manure application1
Critical Control Points/Critical LimitsCCP #4 - Manure Application
  • Weather conditions - rainfall, wind, temperature, humidity.
  • Utilization - be certain the crop can utilize all the nutrients.
  • Depth to ground water - be cautious with high water table.
  • Application log - where, when, rate, etc.

NPPC Pollution Prevention Strategies Module

critical control points critical limits ccp 4 manure application2
Critical Control Points/Critical LimitsCCP #4 - Manure Application
  • Application rate
  • Application method
  • Potential for runoff

NPPC Pollution Prevention Strategies Module

pollution prevention strategies1

Pollution Prevention Strategies

Monitoring the Plan,

Taking Corrective Action,

Maintaining Records

NPPC Pollution Prevention Strategies Module

monitor correct document
Monitor, Correct, Document
  • Monthly checklist
  • Manure application checklist and log
  • Annual checklist

NPPC Pollution Prevention Strategies Module

monthly checklist
Monthly Checklist
  • Keep track of manure output.
  • Monitor change in manure levels in storage.
  • Check storage for structural integrity and leaks.

NPPC Pollution Prevention Strategies Module

manure application checklist log
Manure Application Checklist & Log
  • Check recycle/irrigation systems.
  • Check manure spreading equipment.
  • Apply manure according to plan.

NPPC Pollution Prevention Strategies Module

manure application checklist log1
Manure Application Checklist & Log
  • Important notations:
    • Date and time
    • Field ID
    • Source and quality
    • Application rate and number of loads
    • Wind direction

NPPC Pollution Prevention Strategies Module

annual checklist log
Annual Checklist & Log
  • Manure storage okay
  • Manure spreading equipment/transport equipment okay.
  • Manure application according to plan
  • Well tests documented
  • Records kept for manure application and soil and manure analysis.

NPPC Pollution Prevention Strategies Module

pollution prevention strategies2

Pollution Prevention Strategies

Emergency Action Plan

NPPC Pollution Prevention Strategies Module

the emergency action plan
The Emergency Action Plan
  • Step-by-step process:
    • Recognize and assess problem.
    • Notify authorities.
    • Enlist help.
    • Take corrective action.
    • Make a stand.

NPPC Pollution Prevention Strategies Module

the emergency action plan1
The Emergency Action Plan
  • How to develop the plan - Part I
    • What types of emergencies are possible?
    • Consider drainage patterns from your farm.
    • Manager on duty can often correct minor problems.
    • For major emergency, use a response team leader.

NPPC Pollution Prevention Strategies Module

the emergency action plan2
The Emergency Action Plan
  • How to develop the plan - Part II
    • Consider the people who could offer assistance.
    • What type of equipment will you need?
    • Get access agreements to enter neighboring properties.
    • Write the plan down and put it by the phone.

NPPC Pollution Prevention Strategies Module

verification your strategies are working
Verification - Your Strategies Are Working
  • Implement a monthly and annual checklist.
  • Implement a manure checklist and log.
  • Conduct a third-party evaluation.

NPPC Pollution Prevention Strategies Module

pollution prevention strategies3

Pollution Prevention Strategies

Third Party Evaluation

NPPC Pollution Prevention Strategies Module

third party evaluation
Third Party Evaluation
  • Purposes:
    • Evaluation from someone outside the operation.
    • Compare your practices to industry standards.
    • Opportunity to certify operation.
    • Good educational setting.

NPPC Pollution Prevention Strategies Module

preparing for the evaluation
Preparing for the Evaluation
  • Have these records available:
    • Water usage and rainfall
    • Records of equipment maintenance and inspection
    • Nutrient management plan, crop records, manure application logs
    • Lab tests of wells, soil, manure
    • Emergency action plan

NPPC Pollution Prevention Strategies Module

conducting the evaluation
Conducting the Evaluation
  • How you address:
    • Manure generation
    • Manure storage
    • Manure transportation
    • Manure application

NPPC Pollution Prevention Strategies Module

each evaluation factor
Each Evaluation Factor
  • Supporting comment
  • Range of answers and appropriate scores

NPPC Pollution Prevention Strategies Module

a typical question
A Typical Question
  • Do you have a current nutrient management plan? (10 points)
    • Supporting comment - A nutrient management plan specifies the application rate per acre based on type of crops and anticipated yields.
    • Range of answers with scores in ( ):
      • (0) No plan
      • (3) Unwritten plan, but reasonable approach
      • (5) Written plan, not followed completely
      • (10) Written plan implemented and updated

NPPC Pollution Prevention Strategies Module

certification process
Certification Process

340 points possible

272 suggested for certification

  • Scores for each question are recorded on a carbon data sheet.
  • Producer and evaluator keep a copy.
  • If point minimum is met, state organization may consider mailing certificate to producer.

NPPC Pollution Prevention Strategies Module

pollution prevention strategies4

Pollution Prevention Strategies

Program Summary

NPPC Pollution Prevention Strategies Module

summary
Summary
  • Why this program will work for you:
    • Helps you organize your strategy.
    • Supplies ready-to-use forms.
    • Will help our industry step up to a new level of implementation.
    • Provides a valid certification process.

NPPC Pollution Prevention Strategies Module

the bottom line develop your strategies
The Bottom Line -Develop Your Strategies
  • Once a month - monitor generation & storage.
  • When you apply manure - write it down.
  • Once a year - review and update.

NPPC Pollution Prevention Strategies Module