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Pedro Basabe, Ph.D. Senior technical officer PowerPoint Presentation
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Pedro Basabe, Ph.D. Senior technical officer

Pedro Basabe, Ph.D. Senior technical officer

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Pedro Basabe, Ph.D. Senior technical officer

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  1. IGOS Geohazards Workshop BRGM, Orléans, France, 27-29 June 2005 United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (UN/ISDR)andOutcome of the World Conferenceon Disaster Reduction, Kobe Pedro Basabe, Ph.D. Senior technical officer

  2. Overview I Vision, global data and trends on “natural” disasters II The UN International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (ISDR) III World Conference on Disaster Reduction (Jan 2005): results and follow-up

  3. I The vision of disaster risk reduction Can sustainable development be achieved without taking into account the risk to natural hazards? Short answer: NO! Identification of hazards/vulnerability; monitoring and management of risk are integral to sustainable development. • Risks will always remain • Address root-causes to vulnerability: social, economic, environmental, technical-physical factors

  4. I Natural disaster: Trends in events, deaths & people affected. World 1900 - 2003 Source: EM-DAT: The OFDACRED International Disaster Database; www.em-dat.net – Université catholique de Louvain – Brussels – Belgium 

  5. I

  6. I

  7. Global Trends (risk components) I Natural and human-induced hazards Climate change and variables HAZARDS + EXTREME EVENTS Socio-economic: poverty, unplanned urban growth, lack of awareness and institutional capacities... Physical: infrastructures located in hazard prone areas, ... Environmental degradation oil spills, coastal, watershed, marshland degradation, ...), etc. VULNERABILITY

  8. Overview I Vision and global data and trends on “natural” disasters II The UN International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (ISDR) III World Conference on Disaster Reduction (Jan 2005): results and follow-up

  9. International Strategy for Disaster Reduction II Launched in 2000 by UN General Assembly Resolution A/54/219 as successor of the International Decade on Natural Disaster Reduction –IDNDR, 1990-1999: The ISDR aims at building disaster resilient communities by promoting increased awareness of the importance of disaster reduction as an integral component of sustainable development, with the goal of reducing human, social, economic and environmental losses due to natural hazards and related technological and environmental disasters.

  10. 1. Inter-Agency Task Force for Disaster Reduction (IATF/DR) (2 meetings/year: April/May and Oct/Nov. in Geneva) 2. Inter-Agency Secretariat of ISDR Headquarters in Geneva Regional offices (LAC, Africa, Asia) Partner Networks and Regional Centres (ADPC, ADRC, SOPAC, CEPREDENAC, CDERA, CAPRADE, AU/NEPAD, COE, CIS, etc) National Committees/Platforms ISDR: bodies II

  11. (a) Policy and Strategy (b) Advocacy (c) Information Management and Networks (d) Partnerships for Applications ISDRMain functions: II

  12. II • Reducing risk is everyone’s business! • All sectors have a responsibility- can increase or reduce risk depending on decisions or actions • It is a “cross-cutting” & holistic issue requiring also a gender balanced and community development approach • It needs sustained commitments, resources and tools, as well as institutional development to build capacities • It also requires close collaboration at international and regional levels as many organizations are involved

  13. II Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction, Living with Risk 2004, p. 15

  14. LwR 2004, p. 39

  15. Terminology: Basic terms of disaster risk reduction (invitation for comments) http://www.unisdr.org Living with Risk, 2004 volume II, Annex 1

  16. UN mainstreaming of DRR: UN millennium Road Map WSSD Johannesburg, Sep. 2002 (political declaration) Humanitarian agenda Poverty eradication LDCs action plan for sustainable development SIDS and Barbados programme for action DRR into agendas, sectors or hazards: Climate change, policy paper process (VARG…) for UNFCCC & IPCC Early warning and tsunami: platform for promotion (Boon), UNESCO/IOC, EW-III Freshwater: Integrated flood management Cooperation to reduce impacts of the El Niño phenomenon (CCIFEN, Gye Ecuador) UN initiative towards Earthquakes Safe Cities Space technologies for DRR (UNOOSA, UNITAR/UNOSAT) Drought & desertification, dust storms Landslides (ICL, IPL) Mountains & forest Human settlements (UN/HABITAT) Gender, etc. WCDR 18-22 January 2005 (a) POLICY/STRATEGY: examples II

  17. (b) ADVOCACY: examples II • Annual Awareness Campaign: • 2003 Water: “Turning the tide on disasters towards sustainable development” • 2004: “Learning from today’s disasters for tomorrow’s hazards” • 2005: International Day for Disaster Reduction, 12 October 2005 “Focusing on the poor, reducing disaster risk and increasing disaster resilience using micro-finance and other financial tools” Flood guidelines: • With UN/DESA & US/NOAA: launched at NY, Gva, Bangkok (UN/ESCAP) • Link to:http://www.unisdr.org/eng/library/isdr-publication/flood-guidelines/isdr-publication-floods.htm National platforms: • More than 100 National reporting for the WCDR (jointly with UNDP) • Link to:http://www.unisdr.org/eng/country-inform/national-platform/np-iran-eng.htm

  18. Examples of Advocacy • UN Sasakawa Award for Disaster Reduction (annual) • ISDR Highlights (monthly) • ISDR Informs (biannual) • Education and Training materials – • Riskland game, radio soap-operas, booklets…

  19. II (c) INFORMATION: examples • Living with Risk 2004 version • Launched in NY by USG (14 July 2004) • Translations into: Spanish, Chinese • Used as training material in many universities (Australia, India, Pacific, South Africa, UK, USA, etc...) • Website: increase in users • Hits in 2005 average of 1,500,000 hits • Updated information, publications, incl. WCDR • On-line dialogue on Framework for DRR, Living with Risk, Flood guidelines... • Hazard and vulnerability profiles by country • Joint development with UNEP / DEWA / Global Resource Information Database (GRID) • Link to:http://preview.grid.unep.ch/scripts/esrimap.dll?name=Preview2&cmd=Map

  20. II PreventionWeb Website of the Inter-agency information clearinghouse for Disaster Risk Reduction

  21. Example of On-line country information

  22. Number of people killed Disaster Date Killed Earthquake 23-Dec-1972 10,000 Wind Storm 26-Oct-1998 3,332 Earthquake 4-Feb-1906 1,000 Earthquake 31-Mar-1931 1,000 Flood Oct-1960 325 Earthquake 1-Sep-1992 179 Wind Storm 22-Oct-1988 130 Wind Storm 23-May-1982 71 Wind Storm 28-Jul-1996 42 Number of people affected Disaster Date Affected Wind Storm 26-Oct-1998 868,228 Earthquake 23-Dec-1972 720,000 Wind Storm 22-Oct-1988 360,278 Volcano 10-Apr-1992 310,075 Drought 22-Sep-1997 290,000 Drought Jul-2001 187,645 Wind Storm 10-Aug-1993 123,000 Flood Sep-1999 107,105 Flood May-1990 106,411 Drought Jul-1994 80,000 On-line Disaster statistics (impact information) 1900-2004 Based on EM-DAT (CRED)

  23. On-line hazards and vulnerability maps Identification of people/zones at risk UNEP/GRID and UN/ISDR

  24. Overview I Vision, global data and trends on “natural” disasters II The UN International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (ISDR) III World Conference on Disaster Reduction (Jan 2005): results and follow-up

  25. III III. World Conference on Disaster Reduction General Assembly Resolution (A/RES.58/214), December 2003 convened: The 2nd World Conference on Disaster Reduction (Kobe, Hyogo, Japan, 18 to 22 January 2005) More than 4000 participants

  26. Preparatory process and Outcomes World Conference on Disaster Reduction III Yokohama Review and Framework for Action Conference Outcomes • Living With Risk 2004 • National reports 120 • 40 regional and thematic consultations • e-consultations (800p, 100c.) • Prep. Committees 1, 2 • Drafting committee 1. Political Declaration Hyogo Framework for Action 2005-2015 - Priorities for 5 Clusters - Implementation and follow-up mechanisms Open-ended intergovernmental process 3. Yokohama Review • Partnerships to support implementation

  27. Hyogo Framework for Action 2005-2015 Main outcome of the WCDR and implementation process

  28. Key Messages from Hyogo III • 2005: Hyogo Framework for Action 2005-2015Building the Resilience of Nations and Communities to Disasters (“ISDR+5”): • Integrate disaster risk reduction into policies, plans and programmes of sustainable development and poverty reduction • Member States, Regional organizations, United Nations system, financial institutions and NGOs to engage fully in supporting and implementing the International Strategy for Disaster Reduction, and cooperate to advance integrated approaches to building disaster resilient nations and communities • Focus on National Implementation, through bi-lateral, regional and international cooperation.

  29. Preamble Objectives, expected outcome and strategic goals Priorities for action 205-2015 1. Governance: ensure that disaster risk reduction is a national and local priority with strong institutional basis for implementation 2. Risk identification: identify, assess and monitor disaster risks and enhance early warning 3. Knowledge:use knowledge , innovation and education to build a culture of safety and resilience at all levels 4. Reducing the underlying risk factors 5. Strengthen disaster preparedness for effective response World Conference on Disaster Reduction III Hyogo Framework for Action 2005-2015 Content:

  30. 4. Implementation and follow-up A. General considerations B. States C. Regional organizations and institutions D. International organizations E. The International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (Inter-agency Task Forcer and the secretariat) F. Resources mobilization World Conference on Disaster Reduction III Hyogo Framework for Action 2005-2015 Content:

  31. Implementation: Implementation of Hyogo Framework for Action 2005-2015 -States/national & local stakeholders -Regional bodies -International orgs (UN system, IFIs) Policy coordination, prepare indicators, programmes/ platforms Guidance Follow-up/ reporting ISDR: Inter-Agency Task Force on Disaster Reduction Biannual plans with programmatic responsabilities distributed ISDR secretariat Coordination, advocacy, service, information, reporting, resource mobilization

  32. III Strategy 2005-2015: Means to reduce disaster risk • Some extracts of Priorities for action • Chapter III.B. • 1. Ensure that disaster risk reduction is a national and local priority with a strong institutional basis for implementation, • Key activities: • National institutions and legislation frameworks: • Integrated DRR mechanisms • Integrate DRR into policies and planning • Adoption or modify legislation frameworks • Resources: human capacities, financial, political commitment • (iii) Community participation through the adoption of specific policies, the promotion of networking, the strategic management of volunteer resources, the attribution of roles and responsibilities, and the delegation and provision of the necessary authority and resources

  33. III Strategy 2005-2015: Means to reduce disaster risk III.B.2 Identify, assess and monitor disaster risks and enhance early warning 17. The starting point for reducing disaster risk and for promoting a culture of disaster resilience lies in the knowledge of the hazards: (i) National and local risk assessments (a) Develop, update periodically and widely disseminate risk maps and related information to decision-makers, the general public and communities at risk in an appropriate format. (b) Develop systems of indicators of disaster risk and vulnerability at national and sub-national scales that will enable decision-makers to assess the impact of disasters.

  34. III Strategy 2005-2015: Means to reduce disaster risk III.B.2 Identify, assess and monitor disaster risks and enhance early warning (ii) Early warning (e) Establish, periodically review, and maintain information systems as part of early warning systems. (iii) Capacity (i) Support the development and sustainability of the infrastructure and scientific, technological, technical and institutional capacities. (k) Promote the application of space-based earth observations, space technologies, remote sensing, geographic information systems, hazard modelling and prediction, weather and climate modelling and forecasting. (l) Support the development of common methodologies for risk assessment and monitoring.

  35. III Strategy 2005-2015: Means to reduce disaster risk III.B.3. Use knowledge, innovation and education to build a culture of safety and resilience at all levels (paragraph: 18) (i) Information management and exchange (c) Promote and improve dialogue and cooperation among scientific communities and practitioners working on disaster risk reduction. (d) Promote the use, application and affordability of recent information, communication and space-based technologies and related services, as well as earth observations, to support disaster risk reduction. (iii) Research(o) Strengthen the technical and scientific capacity to develop and apply methodologies, studies and models to assess vulnerabilities to and the impact of geological, weather, water and climate-related hazards.

  36. III Strategy 2005-2015: Means to reduce disaster risk IV.D. International organization 32. International organizations, including organizations of the United Nations system and international financial institutions, are called upon to undertake the following tasks within their mandates, priorities and resources: (f) In close collaboration with existing networks and platforms, cooperate to support globally consistent data collection and forecasting on natural hazards, vulnerabilities and risks and disaster impacts at all scales.

  37. Short-term strategic plan: III Implementation Strategy of the Hyogo Framework for Action • ISDR secretariat and the IATF/DR to assist in implementing the Hyogo Framework for Action 2005-2015. • Matrices on roles and activities of UN agencies, specialized organizations, including coordination mechanisms and institutional commitments. • Develop initial set of benchmarks & indicators against HFA- discuss with Governments and local stakeholders. • Support countries to identify, strengthen or establish national mechanisms/platforms and tools for the implementation (CCA/UNDAF, UN DMTP). • Development of a web-based international information clearinghouse for disaster reduction. • Reporting on progress and monitoring

  38. We invite you to participate in the implementation of the strategy for disaster risk reduction For further information, please visit: www.unisdr.org Thank you for your attention