pedro basabe ph d senior technical officer l.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Pedro Basabe, Ph.D. Senior technical officer PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Pedro Basabe, Ph.D. Senior technical officer

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 38

Pedro Basabe, Ph.D. Senior technical officer - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 587 Views
  • Uploaded on

IGOS Geohazards Workshop BRGM, Orléans, France, 27-29 June 2005 United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (UN/ISDR) and Outcome of the World Conference on Disaster Reduction, Kobe Pedro Basabe, Ph.D. Senior technical officer Overview I

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Pedro Basabe, Ph.D. Senior technical officer' - betty_james


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
pedro basabe ph d senior technical officer

IGOS Geohazards Workshop

BRGM, Orléans, France, 27-29 June 2005

United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (UN/ISDR)andOutcome of the World Conferenceon Disaster Reduction, Kobe

Pedro Basabe, Ph.D.

Senior technical officer

slide2

Overview

I

Vision, global data and trends on “natural” disasters

II

The UN International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (ISDR)

III

World Conference on Disaster Reduction (Jan 2005): results and follow-up

slide3

I

The vision of disaster risk reduction

Can sustainable development be achieved without taking into account the risk to natural hazards? Short answer: NO!

Identification of hazards/vulnerability; monitoring and management of risk are integral to sustainable development.

  • Risks will always remain
  • Address root-causes to vulnerability: social, economic, environmental, technical-physical factors
slide4

I

Natural disaster: Trends in events, deaths & people affected. World 1900 - 2003

Source: EM-DAT: The OFDACRED International Disaster Database; www.em-dat.net – Université catholique de Louvain – Brussels – Belgium 

global trends risk components
Global Trends (risk components)

I

Natural and human-induced

hazards

Climate change and variables

HAZARDS +

EXTREME EVENTS

Socio-economic: poverty,

unplanned urban growth, lack of awareness and institutional capacities...

Physical: infrastructures located in hazard prone areas, ...

Environmental degradation

oil spills, coastal, watershed, marshland degradation, ...), etc.

VULNERABILITY

slide8

Overview

I

Vision and global data and trends on “natural” disasters

II

The UN International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (ISDR)

III

World Conference on Disaster Reduction (Jan 2005): results and follow-up

international strategy for disaster reduction
International Strategy for Disaster Reduction

II

Launched in 2000 by UN General Assembly Resolution A/54/219 as successor of the International Decade on Natural Disaster Reduction –IDNDR, 1990-1999:

The ISDR aims at building disaster resilient communities by promoting increased awareness of the importance of disaster reduction as an integral component of sustainable development, with the goal of reducing human, social, economic and environmental losses due to natural hazards and related technological and environmental disasters.

isdr bodies
1. Inter-Agency Task Force for Disaster Reduction (IATF/DR)

(2 meetings/year: April/May and Oct/Nov. in Geneva)

2. Inter-Agency Secretariat of ISDR

Headquarters in Geneva

Regional offices (LAC, Africa, Asia)

Partner Networks and Regional Centres (ADPC, ADRC, SOPAC, CEPREDENAC, CDERA, CAPRADE, AU/NEPAD, COE, CIS, etc)

National Committees/Platforms

ISDR: bodies

II

isdr main functions
(a) Policy and Strategy

(b) Advocacy

(c) Information Management and Networks

(d) Partnerships for Applications

ISDRMain functions:

II

slide12

II

  • Reducing risk is everyone’s business!
  • All sectors have a responsibility- can increase or reduce risk depending on decisions or actions
  • It is a “cross-cutting” & holistic issue requiring also a gender balanced and community development approach
  • It needs sustained commitments, resources and tools, as well as institutional development to build capacities
  • It also requires close collaboration at international and regional levels as many organizations are involved
slide13

II

Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction,

Living with Risk 2004, p. 15

slide15

Terminology:

Basic terms of disaster risk reduction

(invitation for comments)

http://www.unisdr.org

Living with Risk, 2004

volume II, Annex 1

a policy strategy examples
UN mainstreaming of DRR:

UN millennium Road Map

WSSD Johannesburg, Sep. 2002 (political declaration)

Humanitarian agenda

Poverty eradication

LDCs action plan for sustainable development

SIDS and Barbados programme for action

DRR into agendas, sectors or hazards:

Climate change, policy paper process (VARG…) for UNFCCC & IPCC

Early warning and tsunami: platform for promotion (Boon), UNESCO/IOC, EW-III

Freshwater: Integrated flood management

Cooperation to reduce impacts of the El Niño phenomenon (CCIFEN, Gye Ecuador)

UN initiative towards Earthquakes Safe Cities

Space technologies for DRR (UNOOSA, UNITAR/UNOSAT)

Drought & desertification, dust storms

Landslides (ICL, IPL)

Mountains & forest

Human settlements (UN/HABITAT)

Gender, etc.

WCDR 18-22 January 2005

(a) POLICY/STRATEGY: examples

II

slide17

(b) ADVOCACY: examples

II

  • Annual Awareness Campaign:
    • 2003 Water: “Turning the tide on disasters towards sustainable development”
    • 2004: “Learning from today’s disasters for tomorrow’s hazards”
    • 2005: International Day for Disaster Reduction, 12 October 2005

“Focusing on the poor, reducing disaster risk and increasing disaster resilience using micro-finance and other financial tools”

Flood guidelines:

    • With UN/DESA & US/NOAA: launched at NY, Gva, Bangkok (UN/ESCAP)
    • Link to:http://www.unisdr.org/eng/library/isdr-publication/flood-guidelines/isdr-publication-floods.htm

National platforms:

    • More than 100 National reporting for the WCDR (jointly with UNDP)
    • Link to:http://www.unisdr.org/eng/country-inform/national-platform/np-iran-eng.htm
slide18

Examples of Advocacy

  • UN Sasakawa Award for Disaster Reduction (annual)
  • ISDR Highlights (monthly)
  • ISDR Informs (biannual)
  • Education and Training materials –
  • Riskland game, radio soap-operas, booklets…
slide19

II

(c) INFORMATION: examples

  • Living with Risk 2004 version
    • Launched in NY by USG (14 July 2004)
    • Translations into: Spanish, Chinese
    • Used as training material in many universities (Australia, India, Pacific, South Africa, UK, USA, etc...)
  • Website: increase in users
    • Hits in 2005 average of 1,500,000 hits
    • Updated information, publications, incl. WCDR
    • On-line dialogue on Framework for DRR, Living with Risk, Flood guidelines...
  • Hazard and vulnerability profiles by country
    • Joint development with UNEP / DEWA / Global Resource Information Database (GRID)
    • Link to:http://preview.grid.unep.ch/scripts/esrimap.dll?name=Preview2&cmd=Map
slide20

II

PreventionWeb

Website of the Inter-agency information clearinghouse for Disaster Risk Reduction

slide21

Example of

On-line country

information

slide22

Number of people killed

Disaster

Date

Killed

Earthquake

23-Dec-1972

10,000

Wind Storm

26-Oct-1998

3,332

Earthquake

4-Feb-1906

1,000

Earthquake

31-Mar-1931

1,000

Flood

Oct-1960

325

Earthquake

1-Sep-1992

179

Wind Storm

22-Oct-1988

130

Wind Storm

23-May-1982

71

Wind Storm

28-Jul-1996

42

Number of people affected

Disaster

Date

Affected

Wind Storm

26-Oct-1998

868,228

Earthquake

23-Dec-1972

720,000

Wind Storm

22-Oct-1988

360,278

Volcano

10-Apr-1992

310,075

Drought

22-Sep-1997

290,000

Drought

Jul-2001

187,645

Wind Storm

10-Aug-1993

123,000

Flood

Sep-1999

107,105

Flood

May-1990

106,411

Drought

Jul-1994

80,000

On-line

Disaster statistics

(impact information)

1900-2004

Based on

EM-DAT (CRED)

slide23

On-line hazards and

vulnerability maps

Identification of people/zones at risk

UNEP/GRID and UN/ISDR

slide24

Overview

I

Vision, global data and trends on “natural” disasters

II

The UN International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (ISDR)

III

World Conference on Disaster Reduction (Jan 2005): results and follow-up

slide25

III

III. World Conference on Disaster Reduction

General Assembly Resolution (A/RES.58/214), December 2003 convened:

The 2nd World Conference on Disaster Reduction (Kobe, Hyogo, Japan, 18 to 22 January 2005)

More than 4000 participants

preparatory process and outcomes
Preparatory process and Outcomes

World Conference on Disaster Reduction

III

Yokohama Review and

Framework for Action

Conference Outcomes

  • Living With Risk 2004
  • National reports 120
  • 40 regional and thematic consultations
  • e-consultations (800p, 100c.)
  • Prep. Committees 1, 2
  • Drafting committee

1. Political Declaration

Hyogo Framework for Action 2005-2015

- Priorities for 5 Clusters - Implementation and follow-up mechanisms

Open-ended

intergovernmental

process

3. Yokohama Review

  • Partnerships to support implementation
slide27

Hyogo Framework for Action

2005-2015

Main outcome of the WCDR

and implementation process

slide28

Key Messages from Hyogo

III

  • 2005: Hyogo Framework for Action 2005-2015Building the Resilience of Nations and Communities to Disasters (“ISDR+5”):
    • Integrate disaster risk reduction into policies, plans and programmes of sustainable development and poverty reduction
    • Member States, Regional organizations, United Nations system, financial institutions and NGOs to engage fully in supporting and implementing the International Strategy for Disaster Reduction, and cooperate to advance integrated approaches to building disaster resilient nations and communities
    • Focus on National Implementation, through bi-lateral, regional and international cooperation.
slide29
Preamble

Objectives, expected outcome and strategic goals

Priorities for action 205-2015

1. Governance: ensure that disaster risk reduction is a national and local priority with strong institutional basis for implementation

2. Risk identification: identify, assess and monitor disaster risks and enhance early warning

3. Knowledge:use knowledge , innovation and education to build a culture of safety and resilience at all levels

4. Reducing the underlying risk factors

5. Strengthen disaster preparedness for effective response

World Conference on Disaster Reduction

III

Hyogo Framework for Action 2005-2015

Content:

slide30
4. Implementation and follow-up

A. General considerations

B. States

C. Regional organizations and institutions

D. International organizations

E. The International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (Inter-agency Task Forcer and the secretariat)

F. Resources mobilization

World Conference on Disaster Reduction

III

Hyogo Framework for Action 2005-2015

Content:

slide31

Implementation:

Implementation of Hyogo Framework for Action

2005-2015

-States/national & local stakeholders

-Regional bodies

-International orgs (UN system, IFIs)

Policy coordination, prepare

indicators,

programmes/

platforms

Guidance

Follow-up/ reporting

ISDR:

Inter-Agency Task Force

on Disaster Reduction

Biannual

plans

with programmatic

responsabilities

distributed

ISDR secretariat

Coordination, advocacy, service, information, reporting, resource mobilization

slide32

III

Strategy 2005-2015: Means to reduce disaster risk

  • Some extracts of Priorities for action
  • Chapter III.B.
  • 1. Ensure that disaster risk reduction is a national and local priority with a strong institutional basis for implementation,
  • Key activities:
  • National institutions and legislation frameworks:
  • Integrated DRR mechanisms
  • Integrate DRR into policies and planning
  • Adoption or modify legislation frameworks
  • Resources: human capacities, financial, political commitment
  • (iii) Community participation through the adoption of specific policies, the promotion of networking, the strategic management of volunteer resources, the attribution of roles and responsibilities, and the delegation and provision of the necessary authority and resources
slide33

III

Strategy 2005-2015: Means to reduce disaster risk

III.B.2 Identify, assess and monitor disaster risks and enhance early warning

17. The starting point for reducing disaster risk and for promoting a culture of disaster resilience lies in the knowledge of the hazards:

(i) National and local risk assessments

(a) Develop, update periodically and widely disseminate risk maps and related information to decision-makers, the general public and communities at risk in an appropriate format.

(b) Develop systems of indicators of disaster risk and vulnerability at national and sub-national scales that will enable decision-makers to assess the impact of disasters.

slide34

III

Strategy 2005-2015: Means to reduce disaster risk

III.B.2 Identify, assess and monitor disaster risks and enhance early warning

(ii) Early warning

(e) Establish, periodically review, and maintain information systems as part of early warning systems.

(iii) Capacity

(i) Support the development and sustainability of the infrastructure and scientific, technological, technical and institutional capacities.

(k) Promote the application of space-based earth observations, space technologies, remote sensing, geographic information systems, hazard modelling and prediction, weather and climate modelling and forecasting.

(l) Support the development of common methodologies for risk assessment and monitoring.

slide35

III

Strategy 2005-2015: Means to reduce disaster risk

III.B.3. Use knowledge, innovation and education to build a culture of safety and resilience at all levels (paragraph: 18)

(i) Information management and exchange

(c) Promote and improve dialogue and cooperation among scientific communities and practitioners working on disaster risk reduction.

(d) Promote the use, application and affordability of recent information, communication and space-based technologies and related services, as well as earth observations, to support disaster risk reduction.

(iii) Research(o) Strengthen the technical and scientific capacity to develop and apply methodologies, studies and models to assess vulnerabilities to and the impact of geological, weather, water and climate-related hazards.

slide36

III

Strategy 2005-2015: Means to reduce disaster risk

IV.D. International organization

32. International organizations, including organizations of the United Nations system and international financial institutions, are called upon to undertake the following tasks within their mandates, priorities and resources:

(f) In close collaboration with existing networks and platforms, cooperate to support globally consistent data collection and forecasting on natural hazards, vulnerabilities and risks and disaster impacts at all scales.

slide37

Short-term strategic plan:

III

Implementation Strategy of the Hyogo Framework for Action

  • ISDR secretariat and the IATF/DR to assist in implementing the Hyogo Framework for Action 2005-2015.
  • Matrices on roles and activities of UN agencies, specialized organizations, including coordination mechanisms and institutional commitments.
  • Develop initial set of benchmarks & indicators against HFA- discuss with Governments and local stakeholders.
  • Support countries to identify, strengthen or establish national mechanisms/platforms and tools for the implementation (CCA/UNDAF, UN DMTP).
  • Development of a web-based international information clearinghouse for disaster reduction.
  • Reporting on progress and monitoring
slide38

We invite you to participate in the implementation of the strategy for disaster risk reduction

For further information, please visit:

www.unisdr.org

Thank you

for your attention