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Hazard Assessment. Why Hazard Assessment?. 29 CFR Part 1910. Subpart I Increases Awareness of Workplace Hazards Provides opportunity to identify and control workplace hazards Can lead to increased productivity May prevent an Occupational Injury or Illness. What is PPE?.

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Presentation Transcript
why hazard assessment
Why Hazard Assessment?
  • 29 CFR Part 1910. Subpart I
  • Increases Awareness of Workplace Hazards
  • Provides opportunity to identify and control workplace hazards
  • Can lead to increased productivity
  • May prevent an Occupational Injury or Illness
what is ppe
What is PPE?

Equipment worn by an employee that is designed to prevent injury or illness from a specific hazard.

before ppe
Before PPE
  • Administrative Controls
    • Change Work Practices
    • Change Hazardous Duties
    • Cease Hazardous Duties
  • Engineering Controls
    • Sound insulation
    • Guards
    • Tools
administrative changes for example vs
Working off Ladder

Oil based paint

Sand blasting in booth


Gloved hand

Working off Scaffold

Water based paint

Sand blasting in cabinet

Hole Ram

Hot Sticks

Administrative Changes ! For Example.... Vs
engineering controls
Engineering Controls
  • Machine Guards
  • Sound deadening/dampening
  • Shielding
controlling hazards

Controlling Hazards

PPE devices alone should not be relied on to provide protection against hazards, but should be used in conjunction with guards, engineering controls, and sound work practices .

assessment and selection

Assessment and Selection

It is necessary to consider certain general guidelines for assessing the foot, head, eye and face, and hand hazard situations that exist in an occupational operation or process, and to match the protective devices to the particular hazard. It is the responsibility of the supervisor to exercise common sense and appropriate expertise to accomplish these tasks.

assessment guidelines
Assessment Guidelines.

Conduct a walk through survey of the areas in question. The purpose of the survey (or field observation) is to identify sources of hazards to workers and co workers.

hazard sources
Hazard Sources
  • sources of MOTION
  • sources of EXTREME temperatures
  • types of chemical exposures
  • sources of harmful dust
  • sources of light radiation
  • sources of falling objects or potential for dropping objects
  • sources of sharp objects
  • sources or rolling or pinching objects
  • layout of workplace and location of co workers
  • any electrical hazards
in addition

In addition....

injury/ accident data should be reviewed to help identify problem areas.

organize data

Organize data

Following the walkthrough survey, it is necessary to organize the data and information for use in the assessment of hazards. The objective is to prepare for an analysis of the hazards in the environment to enable proper selection of protective equipment.

analyze data
Analyze data
  • Having gathered and organized data on a workplace, an estimate of the potential for injuries should be made. Each of the basic hazards should be reviewed and a determination made as to the type, level of risk. and seriousness of potential injury from each of the hazards found in the area.
  • The possibility of exposure to several hazards simultaneously should be considered.
selection guidelines
Selection guidelines
  • Become familiar with the potential hazards and the type of protective equipment that is available, and what it can do; i.e.., splash protection, impact protection, etc.
  • Compare the hazards associated with the environment; i.e.., impact velocities, masses, projectile shape, radiation intensities, with the capabilities of the available protective equipment
selection guidelines cont
Selection guidelines (cont.)
  • Select the protective equipment which ensures a level of protection greater than the minimum required to protect employees from the hazards.
  • Fit the user with the protective device and give instructions on care and use of the PPE.
selection note
Selection Note
  • It is very important that end users be made aware of all warning labels for and limitations of their PPE
reassessment of hazards
Reassessment of hazards

It is the responsibility of the supervisor to reassess the workplace hazard situation as necessary, by identifying and evaluating new equipment and processes, reviewing accident records, and reevaluating the suitability of previously selected PPE

job safety analysis1
Job Safety Analysis

The breaking down into its component parts of any method or procedure to determine the hazards connected with each key step and the requirements for performing it safely.

job safety analysis priorities
Job Safety Analysis Priorities
  • New Jobs
  • Severity Potential
  • History of Disabling Injuries
  • Frequency of Accidents
job safety analysis2
Job Safety Analysis
  • Job means “task”
  • (Changing a tire not auto mechanic)
  • “key” steps
  • too detailed becomes cumbersome
  • not enough detail becomes useless
break job down into key steps avoid
Break job down into key steps AVOID!!
  • making the breakdown so detailed That an unnecessarily large number of steps results
  • making the job breakdown so general that basic steps are not recorded
key steps too much changing a flat tire
Key Steps TOO MUCHChanging a Flat Tire
  • Pull off road
  • Put car in “park”
  • Set brake
  • Activate emergency flashers
  • Open door
  • Get out of car
  • Walk to trunk
  • Put key in lock
  • Open trunk
  • Remove jack
  • Remove Spare tire
key steps not enough changing a flat tire
Key Steps NOT ENOUGHChanging a Flat Tire
  • Park car
  • take off flat tire
  • put on spare tire
  • drive away
key job steps just right changing a flat tire
Park car, set brake

remove jack & tire from trunk

loosen log nuts

jack up car

remove tire

set new tire

jack down car

tighten lug nuts

store tire & jack

Key Job Steps JUST RIGHTChanging a Flat tire
Parking Car

Struck by Traffic

Removing tire & jack

Back Strain

bang head on trunk

Loosen lug nuts

back/arm strain

slip & fall

Jacking up car

car could fall off jack

Setting new tire

fingers pinched

back strain

Tighten nuts

back strain

slip & fall

work observation
Work Observation
  • Select experienced worker(s) who will cooperate and participate in the JSA process.
  • Explain purpose of JSA
  • Observe the employee perform the job and write down basic steps
  • Completely describe each step
  • Note deviations (Very Important!)
identify hazards potential accidents
Identify Hazards & Potential Accidents
  • Search for Hazards
  • Produced by Work
  • Produced by Environment
  • Repeat job observation as many times as necessary to identify all hazards
develop solutions
Develop Solutions
  • Find a new way to do job
  • Change physical conditions that create hazards
  • Change the work procedure
  • Reduce frequency
new way to do job
New way to do job
  • Determine the work goal of the job, and then analyze the various ways of reaching this goal to see which way is safest.
  • Consider work saving tools and equipment.
change in physical conditions
Change in physical conditions
  • Tools, materials, equipment layout or location
  • Study change carefully for other benefits (costs, time savings)
change in work procedures
Change in work procedures
  • What should the worker do to eliminate the hazard
  • How should it be done?
  • Document changes in detail
reduce frequency
Reduce frequency
  • What can be done to reduce the frequency of the job??
  • Identify parts that cause frequent repairs - change
  • Reduce vibration save machine parts
what effects
What effects??
  • A job that has been redesigned may affect other jobs or work processes.
  • Check or reobserve the new process once it has been redesigned