Tourism and the Environment - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

betty_james
tourism and the environment n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Tourism and the Environment PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Tourism and the Environment

play fullscreen
1 / 9
Download Presentation
Tourism and the Environment
252 Views
Download Presentation

Tourism and the Environment

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. Tourism and the Environment

  2. Environment– Concern for Tourist • “Quality” tourism includes… • Beautiful landscape • Relaxed atmosphere • Sunshine • Healthy climate • Attractive places for excursions

  3. Hardin’s Tragedy of the Commons • 1968 Paper • Farmers share land (the commons) to graze cattle • One farmer increases herd, others follow; profits maximized • Land becomes overgrazed • Lower quality milk • Next generation and the loss of the commons • Short vs. long term benefits

  4. Impact of free market view of tourism Consumption Ignores: pollution, depletion of environmental resources Difficult to specify cost in market system Low cost of development Unspoiled environments become commodities Free Market Impact

  5. PPP– Polluter Pays Principle • Emitting wastes= bearing costs • Government tax? • Punitive fine?

  6. Debt-for-Nature Swaps • Resource is “world’s” possession, so “world” can pay for it • NGOs buy government debt for small amount • Area is conserved; government gives up sovereignty on area of country

  7. Trends in Eco-Tourism • “Local” prevents leakage • Risk of “greenwashing” • Sustainability • Examples: • Bali “losmen” • Senegal Casamance

  8. Positive Environmental Impact? • Conservation • Rwanda’s Parc National de Volcans • Garbage Removal • Mt. Everest